TRANSFER OF LEARNING by Lorraine Anoran

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TRANSFER OF LEARNING by Lorraine Anoran

  1. 1. TRANSFER OF LEARNING TRANSFER OF LEARNING Lorraine Mae E. Anoran
  2. 2. Transfer of Learning… - is the ability to apply knowledge learned in one context to new contexts. Transfer of learning occurs when the learner: • recognizes common features among concepts, skills, or principles; • links the information in memory; and sees the value of utilizing what was learned in one situation in another.
  3. 3. TRANSFER OF LEARNINGPositive vs. Negative - when learning in one context has a negative impact on performance in another context Positive transfer: - when learning in one context improves performance in some other context Negative transfer:
  4. 4. TRANSFER OF LEARNINGNear vs. Far - transfer between very similar contexts Near transfer: transfer between contexts that seem alien to one another Far transfer:
  5. 5. TRANSFER OF LEARNING Theories of Transfer of Learning 1.Theory of mental discipline 2.Theory of identical elements 3.Theory of generalization 4.Theory of configuration
  6. 6. Theory of Mental Discipline - tells that education is a matter of training in the mind or disciplining the mind. - also known as the Faculty Theory Today, this theory of transfer is unpopular with most psychologists and professional educators.
  7. 7. Theory of Identical Elements - was formulated by Thorndike maintains that the amount of transfer depends upon the identical elements that are common in both situation. Identical elements such as: • method • content • aim • attitude present in both situations facilitate learning
  8. 8. TRANSFER OF LEARNING Theory of Generalization - was formulated by Charles H. Judd - it means that experiences obtained in one situation are applicable to other situation. - It puts emphasis upon the value to understand, organize, and generalize specific experiences.
  9. 9. TRANSFER OF LEARNING Theory of Configuration - Is based on Gestalt theory of learning - Transfer implies that what is learned in one situation can be shifted directly to another situation only when similarity (in content, method, or attitude) of the two situations is perceived by the learner.
  10. 10. TRANSFER OF LEARNING Factors that would affect such transfer such transfer in school: 1. Mental ability of the learner 2. Nature of the learner 3. Attitudes and efforts of the learner 4. Manner of teaching
  11. 11. TRANSFER OF LEARNING “The more understanding, the better the transfer.”
  12. 12. TRANSFER OF LEARNING Motivation in Learning
  13. 13. TRANSFER OF LEARNING What is motivation? Motivation is a process in which the individual’s attention and interest are aroused and directed toward definite goals.
  14. 14. - ”To give attention is to engage in mental activity”. - It is directing one’s thinking toward a specific stimulus in one’s environment. - The kind of stimulus to which an individual gives attention depends on many factors such as: • age • needs • experiences• training • intelligence • attitudes
  15. 15. TRANSFER OF LEARNING

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