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  • 1. NON-PROJECTED VISUAL Reported by: Lorraine Mae E. Anoran
  • 2. GRAPHS AND CHARTS • In mathematics, a graph is an abstract representation of a set of objects where some pairs of the objects are connected by links. •A chart is a graphical representation of data, in which "the data is represented by symbols, such as bars in a bar chart, lines in a line chart, or slices in a pie chart".
  • 3. Types of Charts 1. Time charts - Is a tabular time chart that presents data in ordinal sequence.
  • 4. 2. Flow Chart - Is a visual way of charting or showing a process from beginning to end.
  • 5. 3. ORGANIZATIONAL CHART - Shows how one part of the organization relates to other parts of the organization.
  • 6. 3. COMPARISON AND CONTRAST CHART -used to show similarities and differences between two things.
  • 7. is a type of chart that contains both bars and a line graph, where individual values are represented in descending order by bars, and the cumulative total is represented by the line. 4. PARETO CHART
  • 8. 5. GANNT CHART - Is an activity time chart.
  • 9. Types of Graphs 1. PIE GRAPH 2. BAR GRAPH
  • 10. 3. PICTORIAL GRAPH - Make use of picture symbols.
  • 11. REAL OBJECTS, SPECIMENS AND SAMPLES Realia includes such items as real objects, specimens, artifacts, relics, and even souvenirs. Real objects are the things we come in contact with everyday.
  • 12. SPECIMENS is a portion/quantity of material for use in testing, examination, or study. It can be a part of an object- for example, a piece of coal, a piece of marble, the skin of a bird, a leaf, or a piece of mineral.
  • 13. Biology SPECIMENS A laboratory specimen is an individual animal, part of an animal, a plant, part of a plant, or a microorganism, used as a representative to study the properties of the whole population of that species or subspecies.
  • 14. •A sample taken from a patient, most frequently blood, urine, or semen. Medical laboratory SPECIMENS •A piece of a type of rock or mineral taken from the earth. This can be anything from a jasper to a diamond. Geology
  • 15. SPECIMENS Central Banks send so-called specimen banknote (or specimens) to other banks before issuing a new banknote. Finance
  • 16. DIAGRAMS, GRAPHIC ORGANIZER Diagram – It is “any line drawing that shows arrangement and relations as of parts to the whole, relative values, origins and development, chronological fluctuations, distributions, etc.” (Dale, 1969) What is a diagram?
  • 17. TYPES OF DIAGRAMS •AFFINITY DIAGRAM is a business tool used to organize ideas and data.
  • 18. •TREE DIAGRAM -used to chart out, in increasing detail, the various tasks that must be accomplished to complete a project or achieve a specific objective.
  • 19. •FISHBONE DIAGRAM - Also called cause-and-effect diagram.
  • 20. GRAPHIC ORGANIZER - are a visual representation of the material a student is learning. The organizer assists the student in brainstorming and/or organizing information to make it easier to understand how ideas connect.