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Managing the collective collection: print books in Maine (Malpas)
 

Managing the collective collection: print books in Maine (Malpas)

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Presentation from MaineInfoNet Collections Summit, Orono

Presentation from MaineInfoNet Collections Summit, Orono

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    Managing the collective collection: print books in Maine (Malpas) Managing the collective collection: print books in Maine (Malpas) Presentation Transcript

    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Managing the CollectiveCollection – print booksin MaineRight-scaling stewardshipMaine InfoNet E-Collection Summit , 24 May 2013Constance MalpasProgram OfficerOCLC Research@ConstanceMWith thanks to Brian Lavoie & Thom Hickey, OCLC Research
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.A ‘system-wide’ perspective on librariesShift: local  groupcollectionsservice provisioninfrastructuremanagement strategies• Data intensive analyses• Frameworks for decision making• Building a shared evidence base for collective actionhttp://www.oclc.org/research/activities/swo.html
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.• Core business functions of the library are movingto supra-institutional scale• Network technologies, shift to digitalaccelerating this trend• Print management functions (among others)increasingly organized at group scale• Appropriate scale of cooperative action willvary, dependent on available infrastructureSourcing and scaling (Dempsey, Lavoie)
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.North American print book resourceas of January 2011:45.7 million distinct publications889.5 million total library holdings49,790,608 924,617,036North American print book resource as ofJanuary 2013:49.8 million distinct publications (+9%)924.6 million total library holdings (+4%)
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Distribution by library type varies across regions43%36% 34%35%Data current as of January 2011
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.ARL total holdings: 357,419,468ARL total print book holdings: 232,610,958 (65%)ARL print book titles: 33,355,216http://www.arl.org/arl/membership/members.shtml~73% of NorthAmerican printbook collectionAssetvData current as of January 2013
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Selected Public Library CoverageRegional Print Book CollectionsNYPL: 21%Georgia Public Library : 6%Dallas Public Library : 11%Los Angeles Public Library : 12%San Francisco Public Library: 7%St. Louis Public Library:5% of ‘extra-regional’ collectionCleveland Public Library: 10%Data current as of January 2011
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Mega-regions & Library ConsortiaOrbis-CascadeCICASERLSCELCMINITEXBostonLibrary Cons.NERLOCULTEXSHAREGWLALOUIS
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Right-scaling stewardship: assessing group-scale optionsCharlantacould secure 67% of regional collectionChiPittscould secure 58% of regional collectionNorCalSoCalcould secure 28%-47% of regional collectionData current as of January 2011
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.[Title goes here]?Print books in Maine:• 1,964,419 titles (distinct editions)• 3,691,823 Maine library holdings• 1.88 avg. holdings per title in Maine• 147 avg. holdings per title in WorldCatData current as of January 2013Scope of regional print book resource (titles) has increased 3% since 2011Size of collection (holdings) has increased 4%Density of collection (holdings / title) has scarcely changedExtra-regional duplication of Maine collection has decreasedstillv
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Print Books in Maine: holdings by library typeMajority of regional print book inventoryis held by academic librariesN = 3.69 M print book holdings in Maine
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Print Books in Maine: institutional infrastructure… yet, academic libraries represent asmall part of regional ecosystemN = 127 library holding symbols in WorldCatTraditionally, stewardshipresponsibility concentrated here
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Right-scaling Stewardship: the challenge for MaineFew institutions with preservation capacity or mandate,a collective collection that is widely duplicated elsewhere:… 99% of collection is duplicated in Bos-Wash mega-region… 68% of collection is held by >99 libraries in WorldCat… 37% of collection is duplicated in HathiTrust Digital Librarylimited options for redistribution of stewardship in state,What part of regional resource should be managed at institution scale?at group scale, via MSCS?at regional scale, through partnerships with BosWash consortia?at network scale, by leveraging Web-scale infrastructure like HathiTrust?
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Scale Matters: Assessing Preservation Risk>90% of regionalresource held by <5libraries in Maine3% of regionalresource held by <5libraries in WorldCat
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Regional resource is concentrated in a small number of libraries0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40%UNIV OF MAINE AT ORONOBOWDOIN COLBATES COLCOLBY COLBANGOR PUB LIBRUNIV OF SOUTHERN MAINEPORTLAND PUB LIBRMAINE STATE LIBRMAINE CARD SERV AG, MAINE STATE LIBRCURTIS MEM LIBRUNIV OF MAINE AT PRESQUE ISLEUNIV OF MAINE AT FARMINGTONUNIV OF NEW ENGLANDUNIV OF MAINE AT MACHIASMAINE MARITIME ACADUNIV OF MAINE AT AUGUSTAUNIV OF MAINE AT FT KENTBANGOR THEOL SEMINARY MOULTON LIBRHUSSON UNIVUNIV OF MAINE, SCH OF LAWCOLLEGE OF THE ATLANTICUNIV COL OF BANGOR LIBRUNIV SOUTHERN MAINE LEWISTON AUBURN COLMAINE STATE LIBR BOOK-BY-MAILSAINT JOSEPHS COL LIBRCENTRAL MAINE COMMUN COLMAINE COL OF ART LIBRSOUTHERN MAINE TECH COL LIBRLibrary Coverage of Maine Print Book CollectionN = 1,964,419 titlesData current as of January 2013MSCS institutions alone cover 1% to 34%of regional print book collectionThe Right Stuff?
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Print Books in Maine: cooperative infrastructure*analysis excludes Bangor Theological Seminary (BTF)Collective collection of 8 MSCS partners*accounts for 85% of print books in MaineN = 1.96M print book titles in MaineWhat part of this collectionrepresents a distinctiveshared asset worthy ofMSCS investment??Who is responsiblefor the rest?
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Cooperative Infrastructure – network scaleData current as of May 2013May 2011Title – level duplication in collections
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.• Typically, selection for local preservation prioritizesunique or rare holdings• Shared print preservation initiatives are an opportunity todirect investment toward ‘group-scale’ priorities• Widely-held titles that maximize collective benefit• Dual format titles that minimize preservation risk, maximizeaccess• Topical collections that represent shared institutional interests• Cooperative print preservation should maximizecoherence of shared collectionRe-selecting for shared stewardship
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Where to Draw the Line (redux)• Titles that have circulated or are likely to• Local priority / protectionRelatively low yield*analysis excludes Bangor Theological Seminary (BTF)Data current as of May 2013
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.• Analysis based on scope of local holdings, relative toother topics in collection, and coverage of extant literaturerepresented in WorldCat• Potentially useful as an indicator of shared patterns ofinstitutional investment• Represents content that is distinctive within institutionalcontext, distinctive within group distinctive within system-wide context• Preservation strategy that recognizes existing centers willminimize disruption to library system, maximizecoherence of collective collection‘Centers’ of collection strength
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Places: Maine; Maine—Auburn; Maine—Bangor; Maine – Baxter StatePark; Maine--Cumberland County; Maine—Hallowell; Maine—Lewiston; Maine—Pemaquid; Maine – Portland; Maine--MountDesert Island; Barsetshire (England: Imaginary place)Persons: DeGier, Rinus (Fictitious character); Dowling, Father(Fictitious character); Grijpstra, Henk (Fictitious character);Kelly, Homer (Fictitious character); Maitland, Antony (Fictitiouscharacter); Ramage, Nicholas (Fictitious character);Organizations: Colby College; Maine Missionary Society; UnitedStates.--Army.--Maine Infantry Regiment, 20th (1862-1865); BostonRed Sox (Baseball team)Topics: JazzShared strength: ‘centers’ held by 2 or more MSCS*analysis excludes Bangor Theological Seminary (BTF)Public libraries collect most widely in popular fictionLocal history, local publications and authors
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.0%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%45%50%Library Coverage of Works related to Maine [fst01204270]N = 54,303 worksMSCS partners are the major repositoriesof literature related to MaineData current as of May 2013
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Centers reflect institutional priorities, faculty interestsLarge number of holdingsrelated to Irishliterature, specialization ofColby scholar, Prof. JFCarensPerhaps collected to supportedwork of Prof CJWeber, prominent Hardyscholar…may represent holdings that Colby will want to protect
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Centers reflect historical collecting prioritiesBangor Public Library holds largenumber of historical posters…may represent holdings that Bangor & Portland Public will want to protectPortland Public Libraryhas a significant collection of‘altered’ artists’ books from jointproject with Maine College of Art
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Identifying potential partnerscooperative collection management, cataloging expertise, course developmentetc.
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.• North American library system is loosely integrated:reliant on ad hoc resource-sharing partnerships withsome cooperative governance exercised at group orconsortium level• Ongoing shift to digital formats, disintermediation ofinformation provision are contributing to ‘dis-integration’ of traditional library organization• Preserving, maximizing coherence of library systemis key to ensuring continued vitality of library valuepropositionMaximizing coherence
    • The world’s libraries. Connected.Thanks for your attention.Constance Malpasmalpasc@oclc.org