Permissionless Innovation BIM Trichy 2 Feb 2012


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Presentation at the Bharathi Dasan Institute of Management (BIM), Tiruchirappalli, 2 February 2012.

This slide deck provides a sense of the multi-stakeholder processes that have made the Internet what it is today. The presentation speaks of the support of the multi-stakeholder model, as well as user-centric Internet.
It also mentions that the Internet is a social catalyst to changing the world.

Shortly after this presentation, I was interviewed by the Hindu Newspaper for an article published on 3 February 2012.

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Permissionless Innovation BIM Trichy 2 Feb 2012

  1. 1. Internet for BusinessPermissionless Innovation Dr. Olivier MJ Crépin-Leblond ISOC England Chapter Delegate ALAC Chairman at ICANN Presentation at Bharathi Dasan Institute of Management (BIM) Trichy, 2 February 2012 1
  2. 2. The InternetTechnology developed since the 1960sTechnical specifications: Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Multi-stakeholder developmentDistributed system Network of networks No single owner of the InternetDynamic Naming System (DNS) since 1980s A hierarchy of name servers with one single Root Fully distributed around the world 2
  3. 3. What is Multi-stakeholderAn environment where decisions aretaken in concertation with: Governments Businesses Civil Society Individual users Any other stakeholder not covered by the above 3
  4. 4. Source: 4
  5. 5. Multi-stakeholder standards Source: 5
  6. 6. Multi-stakeholder policySource: 6
  7. 7. ISOC Local Chapters 85 Chapters around the worldSource: 7
  8. 8. Multi-stakeholder naming 8 Source:
  9. 9. ICANN International Corporation for Addresses, Names and Numbers Founded in 1998 Not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers: Domain Names IP Addresses Took over these functions from the US Government Policy Making 9
  10. 10. ICANN Multi-Stakeholder Model Ombudsman Chair Board of Directors Governmental Governmental President and CEO 16 9 10 13 14 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15 L L L L L Advisory Advisory Committee Committee ICANN Staff Nominating MDR – 68 Committee Technical Internet SV – 11 Per ICANN Liaison Engineering DC – 9 Bylaws, Article Group Task Force Sydney - 5 VII, section 2 Brussels - 5 Other US - 11 TLG IETF Other non-US - 14 ASO GNSO ccNSO At-Large Security & Root Server Stability System Regional Internet gTLD Registries ccTLD registries Internet Users Advisory Advisory (At-Large Registries gTLD Registrars (.us, .uk, .au, .it, Committee Committee ARIN IP interests .be, .nl, etc.) Advisory RIPE NCC ISPs Committee, LACNIC Businesses in conjunction APNIC Universities with RALOs) AfriNIC Consumers ALAC SSAC RSSACSource: 10
  11. 11. Source: 11
  12. 12. Internationalized Domain Names 12
  13. 13. New gTLDs gTLD = Generic Top Level Domain Currently only: .net .org .com .info etc. New applications for several hundred gTLDs Voted at the ICANN meeting in Singapore Applications will be accepted from early 2012 13
  14. 14. IPv6 Space IPv4: 4,294,967,296 addressesIPv6: 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,770,000,000 possible addresses50,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 addresses per human 14
  15. 15. © 2012 Global Information Highway LtdIPv6 examplesEmergency Alerts 15
  16. 16. © 2012 Global Information Highway Ltd 16
  17. 17. © 2012 Global Information Highway Ltd 17
  18. 18. © 2012 Global Information Highway Ltd IPv6 examplesSmart Grid – greener use of energy 18
  19. 19. © 2012 Global Information Highway Ltd The Smart GridSource: US National Institute of Standards & Technology 19
  20. 20. © 2012 Global Information Highway Ltd The original Internet Architecture Can be several routers at various “entry” points with resilient routes User-Centric InternetAny connected device could be a “client” or a “server” 20
  21. 21. The End-User principle Any type of traffic is allowed No filtering The end users have the choice of what services they want Champion for innovation Imagine a service, design it and offer it No need to obtain a license No need to apply for permission The smallest start-up company could become very successful worldwide 21
  22. 22. © 2012 Global Information Highway LtdFuture Solution – Internet everywhereIn the future, communication will go everywhere 22
  23. 23. © 2012 Global Information Highway LtdThe power of Developers The key to IPv6 success will be developers New services New applications The ubiquitous network Always on Everywhere 23
  24. 24. Internet is changing the business world New business models Google Skype (development in Estonia) iTunes youTube Open Source Software Mobile application download ($1 app) New community spaces Facebook (500+ million users) MySpace Google+ 24
  25. 25. Internet is changing the business world 25
  26. 26. Internet is changing the worldCost: $90 Million for 5 days (Source: OECD),3746,en_2649_34223_47056659_1_1_1_1,00.html 26
  27. 27. Internet is changing the business world A recent Boston Consulting Group report commissioned by Google estimated the United Kingdom’s Internet economy: is worth £100 billion a year, is growing at 10% a year, and directly employs 250,000 people. 7.2% of UK Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Source: 27
  28. 28. Source: Internet is changing the business world28
  29. 29. Source: Internet is changing the business world29
  30. 30. Don’t be afraid of change! Horse drawn carriages are history Today there’s a systemic barrier to the Internet’s Growth Laws and processes are designed to safeguard what is currently in place Baggage which, in some cases, will have to be changed Otherwise? The market will dictate change and it will find opportunities elsewhere 30
  31. 31. So what needs to be done? The Internet Train is here. Do not miss it. It will continue to grow and if you are not ready, business will go elsewhere Get ready for IPv6 – the next network addressing Get ready for new technologies and promote them Engage in multi-stakeholder processes: ICANN, IETF, W3C etc. 31
  32. 32. Internet in 2020?Quotes – Vinton CerfUS Scientist, widely known as one of the Fathers of the InternetThe Internet is based on a layered, end-to-endmodel that allows people at each level of thenetwork to innovate free of any central control.By placing intelligence at the edges rather thancontrol in the middle of the network, theInternet has created a platform for innovation.Science-fiction does not remain fiction for long,and certainly not on the Internet. 32
  33. 33. So what should you avoid? 33
  34. 34. Thank you !Questions? Comments? Suggestions?Olivier Crépin-Leblond <> 34