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Multi stakeholder IGF-UA 2 - Kyiv Sep 2011
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Multi stakeholder IGF-UA 2 - Kyiv Sep 2011

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Slide deck used in my presentation at the Second Ukrainian Internet Governance Forum in Kiev on 2nd September 2011. …

Slide deck used in my presentation at the Second Ukrainian Internet Governance Forum in Kiev on 2nd September 2011.
This provides a good introduction about ICANN's bottom-up multi-stakeholder governance process, looking especially at the At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) process for bottom-up policy input.

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  • 1. Dr. Olivier MJ Crépin-Leblond [email_address] ISOC England Chapter Delegate ALAC Chairman at ICANN Partnership of Governments, Businesses and Civil Society: the ICANN example in coordinating resources and policy making Presentation at 2 nd Ukraine Internet Governance Forum Kyiv, Ukraine, 2 September 2011
  • 2. The Internet
    • Technology developed since the 1960s
    • Technical specifications:
      • Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
      • Multi-stakeholder development
    • Distributed system
      • Network of networks
      • No single owner of the Internet
    • Dynamic Naming System (DNS) since 1980s
      • A hierarchy of name servers with one single Root
      • Fully distributed around the world
  • 3. What is Multi-stakeholder
    • An environment where decisions are taken in concertation with:
      • Governments
      • Businesses
      • Civil Society
      • Technical community
      • Individual users
      • Any other stakeholder not covered by the above
  • 4. Source: http://www.isoc.org/pubpolpillar/docs/internetmodel.pdf
  • 5. Multi-stakeholder standards Source: http://www.isoc.org/pubpolpillar/docs/internetmodel.pdf
  • 6. Multi-stakeholder policy Source: http://www.isoc.org/pubpolpillar/docs/internetmodel.pdf
  • 7. Multi-stakeholder naming Source: http://www.isoc.org/pubpolpillar/docs/internetmodel.pdf
  • 8. ICANN
    • International Corporation for Addresses, Names and Numbers
      • Founded in 1998
      • Not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers:
        • Domain Names
        • IP Addresses
      • Took over these functions from the US Government
      • Policy Making
  • 9. ICANN Multi-Stakeholder Model Source: http://www.icann.org/en/about/ Board of Directors President and CEO 16 9 10 13 14 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15 At-Large Security & Stability Advisory Committee Root Server System Advisory Committee ICANN Staff MDR – 68 SV – 11 DC – 9 Sydney - 5 Brussels - 5 Other US - 11 Other non-US - 14 Per ICANN Bylaws, Article VII, section 2 Nominating Committee ASO GNSO ccNSO Regional Internet Registries ARIN RIPE NCC LACNIC APNIC AfriNIC gTLD Registries gTLD Registrars IP interests ISPs Businesses Universities Consumers ccTLD registries (.us, .uk, .au, .it, .be, .nl, etc.) Internet Engineering Task Force Internet Users (At-Large Advisory Committee, in conjunction with RALOs) SSAC RSSAC IETF ALAC L L L L L Governmental Advisory Committee Chair Ombudsman Technical Liaison Group TLG
  • 10. ICANN Multi-Stakeholder Model Source: http://www.icann.org/en/about/ At-Large Security & Stability Advisory Committee Root Server System Advisory Committee ASO GNSO ccNSO Regional Internet Registries ARIN RIPE NCC LACNIC APNIC AfriNIC gTLD Registries gTLD Registrars IP interests ISPs Businesses Universities Consumers ccTLD registries (.us, .uk, .au, .it, .be, .nl, etc.) Internet Engineering Task Force Internet Users (At-Large Advisory Committee, in conjunction with RALOs) SSAC RSSAC IETF ALAC Governmental Advisory Committee Governments Other Advisory Committees Internet Users Country Code Operators Another Multi- Stakeholder Model Multi- Stakeholder Model Technical Liaison Group TLG President and CEO ICANN Staff MDR – 68 SV – 11 DC – 9 Sydney - 5 Brussels - 5 Other US - 11 Other non-US - 14 Ombudsman Staff
  • 11. Source: http://gnso.icann.org/meetings/presentation-policy-development-20may10-en.pdf
  • 12. Source: http://www.atlarge.icann.org/orgchart
  • 13. What is At-Large?
    • Community of individual Internet users who participate in the policy development work of ICANN.
    • 130+ At-Large Structures groups representing the views of individual Internet users who are active throughout the world.
    • Most of the work the ALAC (At-Large Advisory Committee) does is:
      • Issue comments in response to ICANN public comment requests.
      • Issue comments on any subject, process, structure, policy or topic which it deems important to comment on in ICANN.
      • Issue comments about any external process linked to ICANN in one way or other and which affects Internet users.
      • Takes part in cross-community working groups (CWGs) within ICANN.
  • 14. New gTLDs
    • gTLD = Generic Top Level Domain
    • Currently only:
      • .net
      • .org
      • .com
      • .info
      • etc.
    • New applications for several hundred gTLDs
      • Voted at the ICANN meeting in Singapore
      • Applications will be accepted from early 2012
  • 15. At-Large Bottom-up to the ALAC Bottom Up
  • 16. RALO DISCUSSION CROSS-RALO DISCUSSION SEND TO ALAC Example of At-Large Structure Input Bottom-up process
  • 17. ALAC DISCUSSION ALAC VOTE STATEMENT RELEASED Bottom-up process
  • 18. Example of At-Large Structure Input Response to Public Comment Request Bottom-up process
  • 19. GAC: Government Advisory Committee
    • Government input in ICANN
    • 107 Government representatives and growing
    • Provides advice to ICANN on issues of public policy, and especially where there may be an interaction between ICANN's activities or policies and national laws or international agreements.
  • 20.
    • GAC = Government input in ICANN
    • 107 Government representatives and growing
    • Provides advice to ICANN on issues of public policy, and especially where there may be an interaction between ICANN's activities or policies and national laws or international agreements.
    GAC: Government Advisory Committee Source: https://charts.icann.org/public/index-gp-main.html
  • 21. Cross-community Statements
    • The ALAC and the GAC recently released a joint statement about applicant support in the new gTLD process
    • The methods of work were different in each Committee, but the result was a joint statement ratified by
      • The GAC on one side
      • The ALAC on the other side
  • 22. Conclusions
    • Methods of work are different in each stakeholder group: government, businesses, civil society
    • Consensus building is a long and hard process but it is possible
    • A partnership between all stakeholders makes decisions very legitimate and stronger for everybody
  • 23. Thank you ! Questions? Comments? Suggestions? Olivier Crépin-Leblond <ocl@gih.com>