Multi-stakeholder governance


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Presentation made at the Internet and Democracy Conference in Kiev, Ukraine, 18 February 2011.

My talk focuses on:

- what is a multi-stakeholder governance process?
- what is the Internet model?
- what is ICANN?
- how is it structured?
- how is it multi-stakeholder bottom-up?
- Structure of GNSO
- Structure of At-Large
- The End-User principle (no filtering)
- The Internet is changing the world of business
- The Internet is changing the world
- The Internet economic weight on GDP
- how do you create a business climate which will take advantage of the Internet?
- Join multi-stakeholder governance processes at ICANN
- An Internet Kill Switch is a Kill Switch for your economy

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Multi-stakeholder governance

  1. 1. Multi-stakeholder Governance Dr. Olivier MJ Crépin-Leblond ISOC England Chapter Delegate ALAC Chairman at ICANNPresentation in Kyiv, Ukraine, 18 February 2011
  2. 2. The InternetTechnology developed since the 1960sTechnical specifications: Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Multi-stakeholder developmentDistributed system Network of networks No single owner of the InternetDynamic Naming System (DNS) since 1980s A hierarchy of name servers with one single Root Fully distributed around the world
  3. 3. What is Multi-stakeholderAn environment where decisions aretaken in concertation with: Governments Businesses Civil Society Individual users Any other stakeholder not covered by the above
  4. 4. Source:
  5. 5. Multi-stakeholder standards Source:
  6. 6. Multi-stakeholder policySource:
  7. 7. Multi-stakeholder naming Source:
  8. 8. ICANN International Corporation for Addresses, Names and Numbers Founded in 1998 Not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers: Domain Names IP Addresses Took over these functions from the US Government
  9. 9. ICANN functions Generic Top Level Domains •.COM •.ORG •.NET •Etc. Etc.Country Code Top LevelDomains•.DE•.UK•.CN•.EG•Etc. Source:
  10. 10. Source:
  11. 11. Source:
  12. 12. Source:
  13. 13. Internationalized Domain Names
  14. 14. The End-User principle Any type of traffic is allowed No filtering The end users have the choice of what services they want Champion for innovation Imagine a service, design it and offer it No need to obtain a license No need to apply for permission The smallest start-up company could become very successful worldwide
  15. 15. Internet is changing the business world New business models Google Skype (development in Estonia) iTunes youTube Open Source Software New community spaces Facebook (500+ million users) MySpace
  16. 16. Internet is changing the business world
  17. 17. Internet is changing the worldCost: $90 Million for 5 days (Source: OECD)
  18. 18. Internet is changing the business world A recent Boston Consulting Group report commissioned by Google estimated the United Kingdom’s Internet economy: is worth £100 billion a year, is growing at 10% a year, and directly employs 250,000 people. 7.2% of UK Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Source:
  19. 19. Source: Internet is changing the business world
  20. 20. Source: Internet is changing the business world
  21. 21. So what needs to be done? The Internet Train is here. Do not miss it. It will continue to grow and if you are not ready, business will go elsewhere Get ready for IPv6 – the next network addressing Get ready for new technologies and promote them Engage in multi-stakeholder processes: ICANN, IETF, W3C etc.
  22. 22. So what should you avoid?
  23. 23. Thank you !Questions? Comments? Suggestions?Olivier Crépin-Leblond <>