IPv6 Matrix Project -  ISOC Chennai
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IPv6 Matrix Project - ISOC Chennai

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Presentation given at ISOC Chennai on 26 June 2011.

Presentation given at ISOC Chennai on 26 June 2011.

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IPv6 Matrix Project -  ISOC Chennai IPv6 Matrix Project - ISOC Chennai Presentation Transcript

  • IPv6 Matrix Project Tracking IPv6 connectivity Worldwide http://www.ipv6matrix.org Dr. Olivier MJ Crépin-Leblond – ocl@gih.com APRIL 2011 Update / ISOC Chennai Version / 26 June 2011Page 1 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • We are running out of IP addresses World Connectivity vs Population “Internet Protocol” Population Size 6 767 805 208 6.7 Billion people on earth Population Size 1.7 Billion Internet users N°Internet Users N°Internet Users 1 733 993 741 Middle East Connectivity vs Population Population Size 202 687 005 More ways to access the Internet Population Size N°Internet Users N°Internet Users 57 425 046Page 2 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • What is an IPv4 Address? Domain Names are identifiers that you type in your Web Domain Name: www.isoc.org Browser, your E-mail etc. www.google.com www.yahoo.com DNS Servers translate this DNS Server Domain Name into an address that is made up of translation numbers Every device that is IPv4 Address: 212.110.167.157 connected to the Internet needs its Internet Protocol (IP) addressPage 3 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • We are running out of IP addresses todayhttp://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/index.html When we reach this point, it will be too late since there will be no more “free” IPv4 addresses! Real time data collected 1 Mar 2010Page 4 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • We are running out of IP addresses In the future, communication will go everywherePage 5 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • IPv4 Space / December 2009 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255Reference: http://www.iana.org/assignments/ipv4-address-space/ipv4-address-space.xmlPage 6 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • IPv4 Space / October 2010 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255Reference: http://www.iana.org/assignments/ipv4-address-space/ipv4-address-space.xmlPage 7 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • IPv6 Space IPv4: 4,294,967,296 addresses IPv6: 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,770,000,000 possible addresses 50,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 addresses per humanPage 8 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • IPv6 Matrix Project ISOC England was awarded a Community Grants Programme award in November 2009 Design and implementation of an “IPv6 Crawler,” software on a computer that crawls through the DNS at regular intervals in order to detect and test: IPv6 DNS servers IPv6 compliant Web servers IPv6 compliant SMTP mailers IPv6 compliant NTP servers.Page 9 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Project Rationale Today, more than 95% of Internet traffic is generated by a small number of data sources – i.e. the world’s busiest Web Sites Without IPv6 accessible content, IPv6 has no chance of being used - ever. Take the 1 Million most popular Web site list from alexa.com as a starting point for the domains to be tested. Add more domains later. Test them for IPv6 connectivity This is equivalent to testing about 6.3 million hosts worldwide Use GeoIP database to estimate real host locationPage 10 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Project Teams London, UK: Project Management and support Hardware supply and installation Data Centre and IPv6 connectivity Nile University, Egypt: Software ProgrammingPage 11 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • www.ipv6matrix.org Web SitePage 12 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • What are we tracking? Host IPv6 penetration Using IPv4 Geo-location coordinates Includes generic TLD (gTLDs, .com, .net, .org) and country code ccTLDs Two types of information: Infrastructure: DNS + Web + E-mail + Time server (NTP) This tracks all of the infrastructure required to run IPv6 Web services Web sites only (actual content) This tracks the Web services themselves. Usually this percentage is lower than the figure for the infrastructurePage 13 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • What are we archiving? Everything that we are tracking on the previous page, plus: Testing of connectivity to the above services in case IPv6 addresses are advertised but no service runs on them Tracing of route from London Docklands to each one of these hosts both using IPv4 and IPv6 – and archiving all of this information in text format A lot more data, accessible from the Web site archive In April 2011, the size of this database in text format is approx 60Gb and continually increasing (the testing software runs 24/7)Page 14 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Europe Data snapshot 2.20% 3.20% 1.29% 4.88%IPv6 Host PenetrationInfrastructure Europe Map + figures 6.68% 9.00%- DNS 1.47% 4.29%- Web (Web+NTP / WEB only) 3.56% 2.03% 0.20% 1.69% 3.91% 1.49% 4.39% 0.74% 8.33% 0.41%- E-mail 1.91% 1.39% 1.47% 7.91% 1.38% 0.59% 4.34%- NTP 4.05% 1.34% 3.40% 2.59% 3.94% Low Sample 2.39% 0.63% Low accuracy 13.91% 1.81% 0.23% 0.56% 13.42% 4.23% 0.39% 0.69% 18.91%Sept 2010 3.77% 6.57% 1.12% 0.67% 8.38% 1.65%April 2011 0.93% 10.74% 11.95% 2.32% 2.80% 3.48% 1.74% 5.25% 2.84% 6.36% 2.01% 1.34% 3.01%Page 15 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Europe Data snapshot 0.00% 0.84% 0.48% 2.25%IPv6 Host Penetration Europe Map + figures 0.26% Web only 0.21% 0.80% 0.64% (Web+NTP / WEB only) 0.98% 0.47% 0.06% 0.08% 0.62% 0.24% 0.64% 0.99% 0.74% 1.69% 0.12% 0.30% 0.59% 1.46% 0.27% 0.41% 0.09% 0.14% 0.14% 2.79% 0.20% 3.21% Low Sample 0.41% 0.10% Low accuracy 0.74% 0.16% 0.35% 0.11% 16.38% 2.29% 0.50% 0.39% 24.68%Sept 2010 1.37% 10.10% 0.11%April 2011 0.42% 11.53% 0.23% 0.42% 4.01% 4.13% 0.43% 1.55% 1.73% 0.30% 0.64% 1.33% 3.15% 0.48% 0.55% 1.28%Page 16 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Country DNS+WEB+E-mail+NTP % change sept-10 apr-11 Moldova (*) 13.42% 18.91% 5.49% France 2.39% 13.91% 11.52% Switzerland 10.74% 11.95% 1.21% Denmark 6.68% 9.00% 2.32% Slovakia 6.57% 8.38% 1.81% Finland 2.03% 8.33% 6.30% Netherlands 4.39% 7.91% 3.52% Bosnia and Herzegovina (*) 7.73% 7.73% Slovenia 6.52% 6.52% Czech Republic 3.48% 6.36% 2.88% Croatia 6.36% 6.36% Austria 2.32% 5.25% 2.93% IPv6 Host Penetration Norway 3.20% 4.88% 1.68% Lithuania 4.34% 4.05% -0.29% Belarus 3.40% 3.94% 0.54% Estonia 4.29% 3.91% -0.38% Portugal 4.23% 3.77% -0.46% Infrastructure Sweden Greece 1.47% 1.34% 3.56% 3.01% 2.09% 1.67% - DNS or Republic of Macedonia (*) 2.92% 2.92% Italy 2.80% 2.84% 0.04% - Web or Serbia (*) 2.61% 2.61% United Kingdom 1.34% 2.59% 1.25% - E-mail or Hungary 1.74% 2.01% 0.27% Ukraine 0.63% 1.81% 1.18% - NTP Russia 0.20% 1.69% 1.49% Poland 1.12% 1.65% 0.53% Belgium 1.49% 1.47% -0.02% Ireland 1.91% 1.39% -0.52% (*) Low Sample Germany 0.74% 1.38% 0.64% Low accuracy Iceland Spain 2.20% 0.67% 1.29% 0.93% -0.91% 0.26% Romania 0.56% 0.69% 0.13% Latvia 0.41% 0.59% 0.18% Bulgaria 0.10% 0.46% 0.36%Page 17 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Country WEB % change sept-10 apr-2011 Moldova (*) 16.38% 24.68% 8.30% Slovakia 10.10% 11.53% 1.43% Switzerland 4.01% 4.13% 0.12% Belarus 2.79% 3.21% 0.42% Czech Republic 1.73% 3.15% 1.42% Norway 0.84% 2.25% 1.41% Republic of Macedonia (*) 2.11% 2.11% Finland 0.47% 1.69% 1.22% Croatia 1.53% 1.53% Netherlands 0.99% 1.46% 0.47% Portugal 2.29% 1.37% -0.92% Italy 1.55% 1.33% -0.22% Slovenia 1.28% 1.28% Greece 0.55% 1.28% 0.73% Sweden 0.80% 0.98% 0.18% IPv6 Host Penetration France 0.41% 0.74% 0.33% Austria 0.43% 0.64% 0.21% Estonia 0.64% 0.62% -0.02% Belgium 0.64% 0.59% -0.05% Hungary 0.30% 0.48% 0.18% Web only Iceland 0.00% 0.48% 0.48% Spain 0.42% 0.42% 0.00% Lithuania 0.12% 0.41% 0.29% Romania 0.11% 0.39% 0.28% Ireland 0.24% 0.30% 0.06% Germany 0.74% 0.27% -0.47% (*) Low Sample Bulgaria 0.10% 0.26% 0.16% Poland 0.11% 0.23% 0.12% Low accuracy Denmark 0.26% 0.21% -0.05% United Kingdom 0.14% 0.20% 0.06% Ukraine 0.10% 0.16% 0.06% Latvia 0.09% 0.14% 0.05% Russia 0.06% 0.08% 0.02% Bosnia and Herzegovina (*) 0.00% 0.00% Serbia (*) 0.00% 0.00%Page 18 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Europe Trends France with large rise in infrastructure Likely to be caused by a main hosting provider, ovh.net, installing dual-stack Name-servers Slovakia and Switzerland leading with dual-stack Web sitesPage 19 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Asia Data snapshotIPv6 Host Penetration 0.20% 1.69% 7.38%Infrastructure 10.64%- DNS or- Web or- E-mail or 0.09% 1.31% 0.39% 0.11% 1.49%- NTP 0.42% 1.50% 0.25% 1.39% 0.20% 0.24% 0.24% 1.18% 1.46% 2.16% Low Sample 1.01% 1.36% 2.78% 0.00% 3.42% Low accuracy 0.65% 8.59% 0.89% 0.65% 8.54% 1.95% 3.03% 25.00%Sept 2010 2.94% 3.16% 23.81% 5.40% 0.56% 1.89% 0.09% 0.56% 3.50% 0.09% 1.52% 2.52%April 2011 2.81% 3.24% SG: 32.24%Page 20 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Asia Data snapshotIPv6 Host Penetration 0.06% 0.08% 0.00% 0.00% Web only 0.11% 0.15% 0.48% 0.12% 0.17% 0.38% 1.58% 0.09% 1.23% 0.18% 0.03% 0.29% 1.03% 0.87% 1.39% Low Sample 0.00% 1.01% 3.09% 0.00% 3.88% Low accuracy 0.14% 1.94% 0.00% 0.68% 1.89% 3.70% 3.03% 50.00%Sept 2010 2.94% 0.52% 50.00% 0.61% 0.56% 0.51% 0.00% 0.56% 0.55% 5.26% 0.11% 0.42%April 2011 0.18% 0.77% SG: 0.00%Page 21 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Country DNS+WEB+E-mail+NTP % change sept-11 apr-11 Singapore 0.00% 32.24% 32.24% Armenia (*) 7.38% 10.64% 3.26% Sri Lanka (*) 8.59% 8.54% -0.05% Indonesia 3.16% 5.40% 2.24% Malaysia 1.89% 3.50% 1.61% Philippines (*) 2.78% 3.42% 0.64% New Zealand 2.52% 3.24% 0.72% Oman (*) 3.03% 2.94% -0.09% Australia 1.52% 2.81% 1.29% Hong Kong n/a 2.37% IPv6 Host Penetration Taiwan 1.18% 2.16% 0.98% Qatar (*) 0.89% 1.95% 1.06% Russia 0.20% 1.69% 1.49% Infrastructure Japan 1.31% 1.49% 0.18% Saudi Arabia (*) 1.50% 1.39% -0.11% - DNS or Thailand 1.46% 1.36% -0.10% - Web or United Arab Emirates (*) 0.65% 0.65% 0.00% - E-mail or Pakistan 0.56% 0.56% 0.00% - NTP Iran 0.39% 0.42% 0.03% South Korea 0.25% 0.24% -0.01% India 0.20% 0.24% 0.04% (*) Low Sample China 0.09% 0.11% 0.02% Low accuracy Vietnam (*) 0.09% 0.09% 0.00% Kuwait (*) 1.01% 0.00% -1.01%Page 22 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Country WEB % change sept-10 apr-11 Vietnam (*) 0.00% 5.26% 5.26% Philippines (*) 3.09% 3.88% 0.79% Qatar (*) 0.00% 3.70% 3.70% Oman (*) 3.03% 2.94% -0.09% Sri Lanka (*) 1.94% 1.89% -0.05% Taiwan 1.03% 1.39% 0.36% Saudi Arabia (*) 1.58% 1.23% -0.35% Thailand 0.87% 1.01% 0.14% New Zealand 0.42% 0.77% 0.35% United Arab Emirates (*) 0.14% 0.68% 0.54%IPv6 Host Penetration Hong Kong n/a 0.67% Indonesia 0.52% 0.61% 0.09% Pakistan 0.56% 0.56% 0.00% Malaysia 0.51% 0.55% 0.04% Web only Iran 0.48% 0.38% -0.10% India 0.18% 0.29% 0.11% Australia 0.11% 0.18% 0.07% Japan 0.15% 0.17% 0.02% (*) Low Sample China 0.11% 0.12% 0.01% Low accuracy Russia 0.06% 0.08% 0.02% South Korea 0.09% 0.03% -0.06% Singapore 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% Armenia (*) 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% Kuwait (*) 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%Page 23 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Asia Trends Singapore leading by far in infrastructure but trailing in dual-stack Web Site content China results abnormally very low – content not dual stacked or IPv6 behind firewall? Less reliability of results due to smaller sample size in many countries of the regionPage 24 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Africa Data snapshotIPv6 Host Penetration 36.63% 35.62%Infrastructure- DNS or- Web or- E-mail or- NTP 8.82% 8.82% 5.56% 7.87% Low Sample 8.33% Low accuracy 8.51%Sept 2010April 2011 0.79% 0.81%Page 25 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Africa Data snapshotIPv6 Host Penetration 0.00% 0.00% Web only 0.00% 0.00% 1.85% 2.44% Low Sample 14.29% Low accuracy 14.29%Sept 2010April 2011 0.34% 0.29%Page 26 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Country DNS+WEB+E-mail+NTP % change sept-10 apr-11 IPv6 Host Penetration Tunisia (*) 36.63% 35.62% -1.01% Senegal (*) 8.82% 8.82% 0.00% Tanzania (*) 8.33% 8.51% 0.18% Infrastructure Kenya (*) 5.56% 7.87% 2.31% - DNS or South Africa 0.79% 0.81% 0.02% - Web or - E-mail or - NTP The small number of hosts tested make the results for most of Africa appear higher than they really are (*) Low Sample Low accuracyPage 27 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Country WEB % change sept-10 apr-11 IPv6 Host Penetration Tanzania (*) 14.29% 14.29% 0.00% Kenya (*) 1.85% 2.44% 0.59% South Africa 0.34% 0.29% -0.05% Tunisia (*) 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% Senegal (*) 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% Web only (*) Low Sample The small number of hosts tested make the results Low accuracy for most of Africa appear higher than they really arePage 28 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Africa Trends Very few countries with IPv6 connectivity Dual Stack Islands starting to appear Can be compared with the growth of Internet connectivity in the ninetiesPage 29 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Compare Historical data on African Internet Connectivity June 1994 May 1997 Source: Internetology - http://www.nsrc.org/codes/bymap/ntlgy/ntlgy.htmPage 30 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • North/South America 0.98%IPv6 Host PenetrationInfrastructure 1.40% 2.81%- DNS or PR: 3.51%- Web or- E-mail or 0.37% 6.09%- NTP 6.00% Low Sample 1.52% 0.23% Low accuracy 1.95% 0.29% 8.30%April 2011 0.32%Page 31 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • North/South America 0.21%IPv6 Host Penetration Web only 0.24% PR: 6.67% 0.61% 2.26% 3.23% Low Sample 1.31% 0.23% Low accuracy 1.80% 25%April 2011 0.28%Page 32 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Country DNS+WEB+E-mail+NTP % change sept-10 apr-11 Uruguay (*) 8.30% 8.30% Venezuela (*) 6.09% 6.09% Guatemala (*) 6.00% 6.00% Puerto Rico (*) 3.51% 3.51% IPv6 Host Penetration Cuba (*) 2.81% 2.81% Ecuador (*) 1.95% 1.95% Brasil 1.52% 1.52% Infrastructure United States 1.40% 1.40% Canada 0.98% 0.98% - DNS or Mexico 0.37% 0.37% - Web or Chile 0.32% 0.32% - E-mail or Colombia (*) 0.29% 0.29% - NTP Costa Rica (*) 0.23% 0.23% (*) Low Sample Low accuracy For (*) the small number of hosts tested make the results in many countries appear higher than they really arePage 33 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Country WEB % change sept-10 apr-11 Uruguay (*) 25.00% 25.00% Puerto Rico (*) 6.67% 6.67% Guatemala (*) 3.23% 3.23% Venezuela (*) 2.26% 2.26% IPv6 Host Penetration Ecuador (*) 1.80% 1.80% Brasil 1.31% 1.31% Mexico 0.61% 0.61% Chile 0.28% 0.28% Web only United States 0.24% 0.24% Costa Rica (*) 0.23% 0.23% Canada 0.21% 0.21% Cuba (*) 0.00% 0.00% (*) Low Sample Colombia (*) 0.00% 0.00% Low accuracy For (*) the small number of hosts tested make the results in many countries appear higher than they really arePage 34 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • America Trends North America trailing behind Europe Elsewhere, data based on low number of Web sites, needs to be taken in moderation (the restricted number of hosting providers can make figures jump several percentage points)Page 35 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Worldwide Trends We are seeing a slow growth in dual stack IPv4-IPv6 implementation The figures are still very small There is a small decrease in percentage in some countries, which would point to unstable peering agreements (the IPv6 network is less closely meshed than the IPv4 network) Bearing in mind the Asia Pacific Regional Internet Registry has run out of IPv4 addresses, it is alarming to see so few Web sites up and running IPv6 in that region.Page 36 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Future work / funding required Add more domains to be tested Add more features to be tested Current front end Web Pages are only an example of possible analysis Develop new data visualisation Perform further analysis Perform historical/time analysis from archives Develop an engine to write automated reports Duplicate Crawler to other regionsPage 37 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org
  • Thank you Contact: ISOC England – contact@isoc-e.org CTM InternationalPage 38 IPv6 Matrix Project - http://www.ipv6matrix.org