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South Asian Deaf Community presentation

South Asian Deaf Community presentation

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  • 1. South Asian Deaf Community in North America and in South AsiaDeafness, Communication issues, & Deaf Proud
    Presenters:GausiaHuq-ValiSagar Kothari
    North American Bengali Conference 2011Baltimore Convention CenterJuly 2, 2011
  • 2. Metro South Asian Deaf Association (MSADA)
    Brief History
    This organization includes 7 countries in South Asia
    Our website
    Hosted fund-raising events, General Meetings, Social Hours, and co-hosted Deaf Mela fun-escape event
    Currently, we are 11 people on the board
    Why did we set up MSADA?
  • 3. MSADA: Brief History
    Pre-history
    1980 to 2002 focused on India only.
    In July 2002, older generation South Asian Gallaudet alumni & current generation South Asian young adults got together and founded Metro South Asian Deaf Association (MSADA) in May 10, 2003
    Seven SA countries: INDIA, PAKISTAN, BANGLADESH, SRI LANKA, NEPAL, BHUTAN, MALDIVES
  • 4. MSADA: hosted Cultural, Educational & Recreational events
    Hosted annual fund-raising events:
    Diwali & Eidevent
    AluthAvurudha(Sri Lankan New Year) event
    Holi Festival & Picnic
    Participated as booth vendor at Gallaudet University events:
    - Homecoming booth
    - Unity Fest booth
    Hosted General Meetings
    Invited two presenters (Deaf director and his CODA daughter who was an Indian Sign Language interpreter) from Indore School for the Deaf
    Invited a few Bangladeshi presenters from a Deaf school in Bangladesh
    Sri Lankan Presentation for raising funds for setting up a new Deaf organization in Sri Lanka
    Dr. MadanVasishtagave several presentations on different deaf Indian organizations and other non-profit/NGO Deaf organizations
  • 5. MSADA: hosted Cultural, Educational & Recreational events (continued)
    Social Hour parties
    Co-hosted a family fun-escape social gathering – Deaf Mela in Seattle in 2008
  • 6. MSADA: Why did we set up MSADA as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization?
    MSADA have hosted recreational, cultural and social events to
    • Promote awareness and respect for diversity and multiculturalism to the Deaf South Asian community
    • 7. Our mission is to establish friendship and understanding among people of diverse heritage, cultures, languages and backgrounds
    2. Foreign students from South Asia come to study aboard at Gallaudet University
    • MSADA make them feel like a “home”
    • 8. Help them to understand Deaf culture, American Sign Language, empower them, our Deaf rights, stand up for their rights, and leadership
    • 9. Most deaf foreigners were neglected by their hearing parents or they were ignorant about Deaf needs, etc. We help them to increase their knowledge, and be independent
  • MSADA: Why did we set up MSADA as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization? (continued)
    Hosting fundraisers to raise funds for the causes limited solely to Deaf South Asian communities worldwide
    • Finance Deaf schools
    • 10. Deaf organizations
    • 11. Scholarships for enrolled Deaf foreigners to Gallaudet University
    • 12. Ultimate GOAL: Host our first international Deaf South Asian conference in Washington, DC
    4. Fun social events to bring all of us together and bond
  • 13. Statistics of Deaf people, in general
    USA
    According to the Census of 2010,thereare ~312 millions people (both deaf and hearing people)
    How many deaf and hard of hearing people? 28 millions…
    About 1.5 million deaf people
    Demograph
  • 14. INDIA
    Over 1 billion total population
    Estimated about 10 millions deaf people
    About 60 millions deaf and hard of hearing people
    No aggregate data on SA countries.
    South Asia
    In the seven SA countries, it is estimated that one-third of world’s deaf population live there
    There are over 30 million deaf people
    About 180 million deaf and hard of hearing people
    Statistics of Deaf people, in general (continued)
  • 15. General Picture of Deafness in SA
    Only 5-10% get an education
    One in a million is able to go to college
    30 to 50% unemployment or underemployment
    New laws are being introduced in all SA countries
    We believe things will improve there
  • 16. American Sign Language (ASL) mode
    Not all Deaf people communicate the same way.
    Some sign and there are many forms of signs.
    ASL is a natural language in its own right.
    Some people use ASL signs in English word order.
    The communication issue is hugh, we are just touching the tip of the iceberg here.
  • 17. Communication modes
    ASL (American Sign Language)
    Oralism/lip-reading
    Cued-speech
    PSE (Pigeon Signed English)
    SEE (Signed Exact English)
    SPP (sign language communication mode for Deaf-blind people… tactile sign language/braille sign language
  • 18. Sign Languages used in South Asian countries
    ISL (Indian Sign Language) – Not all regions in all parts of India are 100% the same. There are slightly different signs in Mumbai, Bangalore, Gujarat, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, etc…
    PSL (Pakistani Sign Language)
    Sri Lankan Sign Language
    Bangladeshi Sign Language
    Nepali Sign Language…
    British Sign Language (BSL)
    SIGN LANGUAGE IS NOT UNIVERSAL. EACH COUNTRY HAS ITS OWN SIGN LANGAUGE.
  • 19. Cochlear Implants
    This is the latest technology.
    It is not an hearing aid.
    Some deaf children and adults do benefit from CI, but for some it does not help.
  • 20. Deaf schools
    There are 77 Deaf schools in the nation (USA)
    However, more than 65% of deaf children attended mainstream programs.
  • 21. Colleges/Universities for the Deaf/HH
    Gallaudet University, Washington, DC – The only liberal arts university in the world that serves Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing students. Today, hearing students are matriculated into the programs. ~ 1,400 Deaf/Hard-of-Hearing and hearing students
    National Technical Institute for the Deaf/Rochester Institute of Technology (NTID/RIT), Rochester, NY – 1,200 Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing students and more than 10,000 hearing undergraduate students at R.I.T.
    California State University at Northridge (CSUN), Los Angeles, CA – More than 220 deaf and hard-of-hearing students; more than 35,000 hearing students
    Other community colleges and hearing universities that have Deaf programs such as Northeastern University, McDaniel College, Hunter College, New York University, Columbia University, Seattle Central Community College, LaGuardia Community College, Hofstra University, etc…
  • 22. General Public and Importance of Communication
    Deaf people do not need help. They need understanding.
    If you (hearing people/hearing parents or sibling) want to help Deaf people, learn how to communicate effectively with them. Learning ASL is the first step.
  • 23. Deaf Professionals
    President of Gallaudet University – Deaf
    Dr. I. King Jordan (1988 – 2006) – his famous quote: “Deaf people can do anything except hear”
    Dr. Robert Davilia(2007 – 2009)
    Dr. Alan Hurwitz (2010 – present)
    Deaf doctors, Deaf lawyers, Deaf teachers, Deaf professors (like Dr. MadanVasishtaand Dr. GauravMathur), Deaf engineers, Deaf social workers, Deaf marriage counselors, Deaf pilots, Deaf-owned businesses, Deaf CPA accountants, etc…
    Deaf/HH people can DRIVE!!!! Even motorcycle! 
  • 24. Deaf Education system
    USA
    Most schools use signs
    Deaf people are involved in education
    Almost half teachers are deaf
    About 30% of schools have deaf superintendents/ principals
    South Asia
    Mostly oral education
    No education for rural deaf
    Deaf people are not allowed to teach
    Government provides some support for training
  • 25. Comparison
    The United States
    Provides equal access through interpreters, closed captioning, Video relays and other support as needed
    Education in mandatory
    Deaf people work in federal and state governments, run their own business and are active on par with hearing people
    South Asia
    Non of these are available in SA countries
    Though education is mandatory, only 5 to 10 % deaf children get any education
    Very few deaf people get jobs in government. Very few have business (usually family owned)
  • 26. What you can do?
    Involve deaf people
    (you are already doing that by inviting us to talk with you)
    Learn sign language of the country
    Try to understand deaf people
    Support causes such as deaf education, employment and rehabilitation
  • 27. Questions!
    We are ready for your questions!
  • 28. For more InformationPlease visitMSADA website
    www.msada-dc.org