Visual Dictionary- occupancy


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Visual Dictionary- occupancy

  1. 1. Air Barrier Paper<br /><ul><li>Standard approach to control infiltration
  2. 2. Can be located on the interior or exterior wall framing
  3. 3. Installed under siding</li></li></ul><li>Attic Ventilation<br />Allows water vapor to escape and keeps the house cooler in the summer by preventing solar heat<br />Four types:<br />Soffit vent- creates the required intake ventilation at the eave<br />Ridge vent- effective because its located at highest point on roof<br />Gabled vent- located high in the wall at opposite ends of the attic. Helps create cross draft in a wind<br />Through roof vents- resemble inverted cake pans and are flashed into roofing material<br />
  4. 4. Backhoe<br /><ul><li>Backhoe/Front end loaded
  5. 5. The bucket width is 21 ½ inches and the depth was 27 ¼ inches
  6. 6. Used for digging and removing dirt </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Batter Boards
  7. 7. A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation
  8. 8. Typically 3-4 feet from actual place of the house </li></li></ul><li>Rough Brick Arch<br />
  9. 9. Centering<br /><ul><li> It’s a piece of wood or steel (in this case steel) that the brick is formed to for an arch, dome, vault. </li></li></ul><li>Running bond<br /><ul><li>Nothing but rows of stretchers</li></li></ul><li>Flemish Bond<br />Bonds that alternate with one row of stretchers and one row of headers<br />
  10. 10. Soldier<br /><ul><li>Brick laid on its end with its face parallel to the wall</li></li></ul><li>Rowlock<br />
  11. 11. Stretcher Rowlocks<br />
  12. 12. Brick Sizes<br /><ul><li>Length- 7 ½ in
  13. 13. Height- 2 ¼ in
  14. 14. Modular size
  15. 15. Width- 3 ½ in
  16. 16. 3 ½ x 2 ¼ x 7 ½ in </li></li></ul><li>Bulldozer<br /><ul><li> A crawler equipped with a metal plate, used to push large amounts of dirt, sand, gravel, or trash
  17. 17. Used at all construction sites.</li></li></ul><li>Exterior Cladding<br />Wood Shakes<br />EIFS and Stone<br />
  18. 18. Exterior Cladding<br />Brick<br />Wood Boards<br />
  19. 19. Code Requirements<br /><ul><li>22 ½ in from floor to sill
  20. 20. Height = 33 ½ in
  21. 21. Width = 28 in
  22. 22. Meets all requirements for building code
  23. 23. Suitable for egress
  24. 24. Tread = 10 in
  25. 25. Riser Height = 7 ¾ in
  26. 26. Nosing = 1 in</li></li></ul><li>Concrete Joints<br /><ul><li>Control joint- an intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure
  27. 27. Isolation Joint- joints that isolate the slab from the wall, column, or drainpipe
  28. 28. Isolating slab from wall</li></li></ul><li>Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)<br /><ul><li>A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone.
  29. 29. Most common block dimensions 8x8x16
  30. 30. Notice that the height of 3 modular stacked bricks is equal to 1 CMU block</li></ul>Different size CMU<br />
  31. 31. Decorative CMU’s<br />Split Block<br />Ribbed Blocks<br />
  32. 32. Exterior Door<br /><ul><li>Flush Door</li></li></ul><li>4 Panel Door<br />1<br />4<br />2<br />5<br />3<br />Top Rail<br />Stile<br />Bottom Rail<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />
  33. 33. Sidelight- a tall narrow window along side a door<br />Transom- a small window directly above the door<br />2<br />1<br />
  34. 34. Electrical Components<br /><ul><li>Power pole- used to support both electric power distribution lines and telecommunication lines ass well as there associate equipment
  35. 35. Transformer Box- a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors
  36. 36. Service Head- is a weatherproof entry point for above ground electrical wiring or telephone lines into a home or business
  37. 37. Meter- is a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a building</li></li></ul><li>Service panel- a component of an electricity supply system which divides an electrical power feed into different circuits <br />Duplex receptacle- connectors used for main electricity<br />
  38. 38. Framing Elements<br />1. Anchor bolts<br />4. Subflooring<br />3. Floor Joist<br />5. Sole Plate<br />6. Stud<br />8. Ceiling joist<br />And<br />9. Rafter<br />2. Sill Plate<br />7. Top Plate<br />
  39. 39. Framing Elements<br />11. Sheathing<br />10. Roof Decking<br />11. Stringer<br />
  40. 40. Front End Loader<br /><ul><li> a heavy equipment machine that is primarily used to load material onto another type of machinery</li></li></ul><li>Gypsum Board<br /><ul><li> an interior facing panel consisting of gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces
  41. 41. also called drywall or plasterboard</li></li></ul><li>Heat Pump<br /><ul><li> Advantage: can change conditions rapidly and also control humidity
  42. 42. Disadvantage: very noisy and difficult to zone
  43. 43. Compressor/Condenser- the outside unit of heat pump. Fan pulls air across a line of refrigerant and changes temperature</li></ul>Air Handling unit- moves and conditions air through duct work. A fan sucks in new and return air and recirculates it<br />
  44. 44. Insulation- a material that has low thermal conductivity. Used to keep building warm in the winter and cool during the summer<br />Loose Fill<br />Batt Blanket<br />Ridge Board<br />
  45. 45. Lintel<br /><ul><li> a beam that carries the load of a wall over the opening of door or window
  46. 46. steel</li></li></ul><li>Mortar<br /><ul><li>½ in mortar joint
  47. 47. Tooled joint
  48. 48. Maybe type N
  49. 49. Apartment building
  50. 50. ½ in mortar joint
  51. 51. Concave troweled
  52. 52. Apartment building
  53. 53. Maybe type S mortar</li></li></ul><li> Oriented Strand Board<br /><ul><li> a non veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions bonded together under pressure
  54. 54. 4x8</li></li></ul><li>Plumbing<br /><ul><li> Drop in sink
  55. 55. Plumbing roof</li></ul> vent<br />Keeps gas <br />Fumes out of<br />house<br /><ul><li>Watercloset 3 in drain pipe
  56. 56. Lavatory 1 ½ in drain pipe</li></li></ul><li>Plywood<br /><ul><li> a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bound together under pressure
  57. 57. veneer- a thin layer, sheet, or facing made from slicing thin pieces from a tree
  58. 58. 4x8</li></li></ul><li>Radiant Barrier<br /><ul><li> a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy</li></li></ul><li>Rebar<br /><ul><li> ½ in #4 rebar
  59. 59. the deformation on the bar are there for the concrete to have more surface area to hold onto. It increases the strength of the bond</li></li></ul><li>Steep Roof Drainage<br /><ul><li> gutter- channel that collects rainwater runoff
  60. 60. Downspout- metal tube that carries rainwater from gutter to ground
  61. 61. Splashblock- a piece of plastic or other durable material that is laid under downspout and diverts water from the base</li></li></ul><li>Steep Roof Materials<br /><ul><li> Underlayment- protects roof sheathing and structure from moisture
  62. 62. Shingle- small units of water resisting material laid onto roof in overlapping patterns to make roof water tight
  63. 63. Wood Shingles</li></li></ul><li>Steep roof materials<br /><ul><li> metal roof usually made from galvanized or aluminized steel
  64. 64. Clay tile roofing</li></li></ul><li>Steep Roof Shapes<br /><ul><li> Hip Roof
  65. 65. Gambrel roof
  66. 66. Gabel Roof
  67. 67. Mansard Roof</li></li></ul><li>Steep Roof Terms<br /><ul><li>Ridge- where two roof panels meet
  68. 68. Valley- a trough formed by the intersecting of two roof slopes
  69. 69. Rake- the sloping edge of a steep roof
  70. 70. Building without fascia
  71. 71. Eave- the horizontal edge of a sloping roof slope
  72. 72. Fascia- horizontal surface which spans across the top of columns
  73. 73. Soffit- the horizontal underside of an overhang</li></li></ul><li>Stone<br />Random Ashlar<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />Random Rubble<br />Coursed Rubble <br />
  74. 74. Vapor Retarder<br /><ul><li>A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly
  75. 75. Usually put on the warm side of the building during the winter</li></ul>Vapor Retarder<br />
  76. 76. Waterproofing<br /><ul><li>An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. Used to keep water from leaking into the building
  77. 77. the waterproofing here is fully adhered</li></ul>Waterproofing<br />
  78. 78. Weep Hole<br /><ul><li> a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or wall assembly</li></li></ul><li>Windows<br /><ul><li> This is a Single hung window because only one panel can move up and down
  79. 79. one window slides up and down on a track
  80. 80. the window in this picture is a fixed widow because it has no operable components.
  81. 81. least likely to leak air or water</li>