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visual dictionary- occupancy



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  • 1. Air Barrier Paper
    • Standard approach to control infiltration
    • 2. Can be located on the interior or exterior wall framing
    • 3. Installed under siding
  • Attic Ventilation
    Allows water vapor to escape and keeps the house cooler in the summer by preventing solar heat
    Four types:
    Soffit vent- creates the required intake ventilation at the eave
    Ridge vent- effective because its located at highest point on roof
    Gabled vent- located high in the wall at opposite ends of the attic. Helps create cross draft in a wind
    Through roof vents- resemble inverted cake pans and are flashed into roofing material
  • 4. Backhoe
    • Backhoe/Front end loaded
    • 5. The bucket width is 21 ½ inches and the depth was 27 ¼ inches
    • 6. Used for digging and removing dirt
    • Batter Boards
    • 7. A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation
    • 8. Typically 3-4 feet from actual place of the house
  • Rough Brick Arch
  • 9. Centering
    • It’s a piece of wood or steel (in this case steel) that the brick is formed to for an arch, dome, vault.
  • Running bond
    • Nothing but rows of stretchers
  • Flemish Bond
    Bonds that alternate with one row of stretchers and one row of headers
  • 10. Soldier
    • Brick laid on its end with its face parallel to the wall
  • Rowlock
  • 11. Stretcher Rowlocks
  • 12. Brick Sizes
  • Bulldozer
    • A crawler equipped with a metal plate, used to push large amounts of dirt, sand, gravel, or trash
    • 17. Used at all construction sites.
  • Exterior Cladding
    Wood Shakes
    EIFS and Stone
  • 18. Exterior Cladding
    Wood Boards
  • 19. Code Requirements
    • 22 ½ in from floor to sill
    • 20. Height = 33 ½ in
    • 21. Width = 28 in
    • 22. Meets all requirements for building code
    • 23. Suitable for egress
    • 24. Tread = 10 in
    • 25. Riser Height = 7 ¾ in
    • 26. Nosing = 1 in
  • Concrete Joints
    • Control joint- an intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure
    • 27. Isolation Joint- joints that isolate the slab from the wall, column, or drainpipe
  • Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
    • A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone.
    • 28. Most common block dimensions 8x8x16
    • 29. Notice that the height of 3 modular stacked bricks is equal to 1 CMU block
  • Decorative CMU’s
    Split Block
    Ribbed Blocks
  • 30. Exterior Door
    • Flush Door
  • 4Panel Door
    Top Rail
    Bottom Rail
    Lock Rail
  • 31. Sidelight- a tall narrow window along side a door
    Transom- a small window directly above the door
  • 32. Electrical Components
    • Power pole- used to support both electric power distribution lines and telecommunication lines ass well as there associate equipment
    • 33. Transformer Box- a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors
    • 34. Service Head- is a weatherproof entry point for above ground electrical wiring or telephone lines into a home or business
    • 35. Meter- is a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a building
  • Service panel- a component of an electricity supply system which divides an electrical power feed into different circuits
    Duplex receptacle- connectors used for main electricity
  • 36. Framing Elements
  • 37. Front End Loader
  • 38. Gypsum Board
    • an interior facing panel consisting of gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces
    • 39. also called drywall or plasterboard
  • Heat Pump
    • Advantage: can change conditions rapidly and also control humidity
    • 40. Disadvantage: very noisy and difficult to zone
    • 41. Compressor/Condenser- the outside unit of heat pump. Fan pulls air across a line of refrigerant and changes temperature
    Air Handling unit- moves and conditions air through duct work. A fan sucks in new and return air and recirculates it
  • 42. Insulation- a material that has low thermal conductivity. Used to keep building warm in the winter and cool during the summer
    Loose Fill
    Batt Blanket
  • 43. Lintel
    • a beam that carries the load of a wall over the opening of door or window
    • 44. steel
  • Mortar
  • Oriented Strand Board
    • a non veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions bonded together under pressure
    • 52. 4x8
  • Plumbing
    • Drop in sink
    • 53. Watercloset 3 in drain pipe
    • 54. Lavatory 1 ½ in drain pipe
  • Plywood
    • a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bound together under pressure
    • 55. veneer- a thin layer, sheet, or facing made from slicing thin pieces from a tree
    • 56. 4x8
  • Radiant Barrier
    • a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
  • Rebar
    • ½ in #4 rebar
    • 57. the deformation on the bar are there for the concrete to have more surface area to hold onto. It increases the strength of the bond
  • Steep Roof Drainage
    • gutter- channel that collects rainwater runoff
    • 58. Downspout- metal tube that carries rainwater from gutter to ground
    • 59. Splashblock- a piece of plastic or other durable material that is laid under downspout and diverts water from the base
  • Steep Roof Materials
    • Underlayment- protects roof sheathing and structure from moisture
    • 60. Shingle- small units of water resisting material laid onto roof in overlapping patterns to make roof water tight
  • Steep roof materials
    • metal roof usually made from galvanized or aluminized steel
    • 61. Clay tile roofing
  • Steep Roof Shapes
  • Steep Roof Terms
    • Ridge- where two roof panels meet
    • 65. Valley- a trough formed by the intersecting of two roof slopes
    • 66. Eave- the horizontal edge of a sloping roof slope
    • 67. Rake- the sloping edge of a steep roof
    • 68. Fascia- horizontal surface which spans across the top of columns
    • 69. Soffit- the horizontal underside of an overhang