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visual dictionary- occupancy

visual dictionary- occupancy






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    visual dictionary- occupancy visual dictionary- occupancy Presentation Transcript

    • Air Barrier Paper
      • Standard approach to control infiltration
      • Can be located on the interior or exterior wall framing
      • Installed under siding
    • Attic Ventilation
      Allows water vapor to escape and keeps the house cooler in the summer by preventing solar heat
      Four types:
      Soffit vent- creates the required intake ventilation at the eave
      Ridge vent- effective because its located at highest point on roof
      Gabled vent- located high in the wall at opposite ends of the attic. Helps create cross draft in a wind
      Through roof vents- resemble inverted cake pans and are flashed into roofing material
    • Backhoe
      • Backhoe/Front end loaded
      • The bucket width is 21 ½ inches and the depth was 27 ¼ inches
      • Used for digging and removing dirt
      • Batter Boards
      • A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation
      • Typically 3-4 feet from actual place of the house
    • Rough Brick Arch
    • Centering
      • It’s a piece of wood or steel (in this case steel) that the brick is formed to for an arch, dome, vault.
    • Running bond
      • Nothing but rows of stretchers
    • Flemish Bond
      Bonds that alternate with one row of stretchers and one row of headers
    • Soldier
      • Brick laid on its end with its face parallel to the wall
    • Rowlock
    • Stretcher Rowlocks
    • Brick Sizes
      • Length- 7 ½ in
      • Height- 2 ¼ in
      • Modular size
      • Width- 3 ½ in
      • 3 ½ x 2 ¼ x 7 ½ in
    • Bulldozer
      • A crawler equipped with a metal plate, used to push large amounts of dirt, sand, gravel, or trash
      • Used at all construction sites.
    • Exterior Cladding
      Wood Shakes
      EIFS and Stone
    • Exterior Cladding
      Wood Boards
    • Code Requirements
      • 22 ½ in from floor to sill
      • Height = 33 ½ in
      • Width = 28 in
      • Meets all requirements for building code
      • Suitable for egress
      • Tread = 10 in
      • Riser Height = 7 ¾ in
      • Nosing = 1 in
    • Concrete Joints
      • Control joint- an intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure
      • Isolation Joint- joints that isolate the slab from the wall, column, or drainpipe
    • Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
      • A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone.
      • Most common block dimensions 8x8x16
      • Notice that the height of 3 modular stacked bricks is equal to 1 CMU block
    • Decorative CMU’s
      Split Block
      Ribbed Blocks
    • Exterior Door
      • Flush Door
    • 4Panel Door
      Top Rail
      Bottom Rail
      Lock Rail
    • Sidelight- a tall narrow window along side a door
      Transom- a small window directly above the door
    • Electrical Components
      • Power pole- used to support both electric power distribution lines and telecommunication lines ass well as there associate equipment
      • Transformer Box- a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors
      • Service Head- is a weatherproof entry point for above ground electrical wiring or telephone lines into a home or business
      • Meter- is a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a building
    • Service panel- a component of an electricity supply system which divides an electrical power feed into different circuits
      Duplex receptacle- connectors used for main electricity
    • Framing Elements
    • Front End Loader
    • Gypsum Board
      • an interior facing panel consisting of gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces
      • also called drywall or plasterboard
    • Heat Pump
      • Advantage: can change conditions rapidly and also control humidity
      • Disadvantage: very noisy and difficult to zone
      • Compressor/Condenser- the outside unit of heat pump. Fan pulls air across a line of refrigerant and changes temperature
      Air Handling unit- moves and conditions air through duct work. A fan sucks in new and return air and recirculates it
    • Insulation- a material that has low thermal conductivity. Used to keep building warm in the winter and cool during the summer
      Loose Fill
      Batt Blanket
    • Lintel
      • a beam that carries the load of a wall over the opening of door or window
      • steel
    • Mortar
      • ½ in mortar joint
      • Tooled joint
      • Maybe type N
      • Apartment building
      • ½ in mortar joint
      • Concave troweled
      • Apartment building
      • Maybe type S mortar
    • Oriented Strand Board
      • a non veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions bonded together under pressure
      • 4x8
    • Plumbing
      • Drop in sink
      • Watercloset 3 in drain pipe
      • Lavatory 1 ½ in drain pipe
    • Plywood
      • a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bound together under pressure
      • veneer- a thin layer, sheet, or facing made from slicing thin pieces from a tree
      • 4x8
    • Radiant Barrier
      • a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
    • Rebar
      • ½ in #4 rebar
      • the deformation on the bar are there for the concrete to have more surface area to hold onto. It increases the strength of the bond
    • Steep Roof Drainage
      • gutter- channel that collects rainwater runoff
      • Downspout- metal tube that carries rainwater from gutter to ground
      • Splashblock- a piece of plastic or other durable material that is laid under downspout and diverts water from the base
    • Steep Roof Materials
      • Underlayment- protects roof sheathing and structure from moisture
      • Shingle- small units of water resisting material laid onto roof in overlapping patterns to make roof water tight
    • Steep roof materials
      • metal roof usually made from galvanized or aluminized steel
      • Clay tile roofing
    • Steep Roof Shapes
      • Hip Roof
      • Gambrel roof
      • Gabel Roof
      • Mansard Roof
    • Steep Roof Terms
      • Ridge- where two roof panels meet
      • Valley- a trough formed by the intersecting of two roof slopes
      • Eave- the horizontal edge of a sloping roof slope
      • Rake- the sloping edge of a steep roof
      • Fascia- horizontal surface which spans across the top of columns
      • Soffit- the horizontal underside of an overhang