OCASI Conference 2009 Supporting Newcomer Immigrants and Refugees from Racialized Communities with Mental Health Issues No...
Agenda <ul><li>8:15  Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>About Across Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations; Goals and Obje...
Goals and Objectives <ul><li>Define mental health </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss barriers experienced by refugees and newcomers...
Introductions <ul><li>Why are you interested in this workshop? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the mental health needs of  newc...
What Is Mental Health ? <ul><li>Mental Health – is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his/her own abil...
Problems experienced by  refugees which impact their mental health: <ul><li>Experience social exclusion, social inequality...
Mental Health Issues Faced by Newcomer Immigrants and Non-Recent Immigrants <ul><li>Trauma caused by systemic discriminati...
Immigrants, Non-recent Immigrants <ul><li>Migrants from Racialized communities earn 40% less than their white counterparts...
Continuation.. <ul><li>Domestic violence  </li></ul><ul><li>Youth violence </li></ul><ul><li>Social isolation –increased l...
Problems experienced by immigrants and refugees in accessing MH services: <ul><li>3-month wait period for new immigrants t...
Access… <ul><li>Lack of culturally competent with anti-oppression skills of service providers and decision makers in the h...
Access.. <ul><li>Dominance of Eurocentric approach to care </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of community engagement in the mental he...
Early Warning Signs of Mental Health Problems <ul><li>Anxiety, nervousness </li></ul><ul><li>forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><...
Warning signs… <ul><li>Aches and pains </li></ul><ul><li>Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle cramping </li></ul><ul><li>Exc...
Warning signs <ul><li>Controlling/manipulative behaviours </li></ul><ul><li>Being too quiet </li></ul><ul><li>Easily frust...
Common Mental Disorders and Symptoms <ul><li>Schizophrenia - a failure of the brain’s chemical to function properly </li><...
Common Mental Disorders <ul><li>Bi-Polar Disorder  –a medical condition as  a result of genetic predisposition in which pe...
Common Mental Disorders <ul><li>Depression  – a medical disorder that affects one’s thoughts, feelings, physical health an...
Other Mental Disorders <ul><li>Personality Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Partum Depression </l...
UNDERSTADING RACISM IN THE MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM ORGANIZATION  IDEAS OF SUPERIORITY SOCIAL NORMS STRUCTURES/SYSTEMS INDIVID...
WHAT IS AN ANTI-RACISM FRAMEWORK? ANTI-RACISM  TRAINING/EDUCATION ANTI-RACISM  ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE ANTI-RACISM  SERVICE ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Pd Supporting Newcomer Immigrants And Regugees From Racialized Communities With Mental Health C1

773

Published on

Published in: Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
773
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Pd Supporting Newcomer Immigrants And Regugees From Racialized Communities With Mental Health C1

  1. 1. OCASI Conference 2009 Supporting Newcomer Immigrants and Refugees from Racialized Communities with Mental Health Issues November 5, 2009 8:15-11:15 AM
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>8:15 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>About Across Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations; Goals and Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>8:45 What is Mental Health? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the understanding of different cultures about mental health? </li></ul><ul><li>9:15 Mental health issues experienced by newcomer immigrants and refugees from Racialized communities </li></ul><ul><li>9:45 Break </li></ul><ul><li>10:00 Early Warning Signs of Mental Health Problems </li></ul><ul><li>10:20 Common Mental Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>10:30 Case Study: Providing support to people experiencing mental health problems </li></ul><ul><li>11:00 Resources in the local communities/ Forging partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>11:15 The End </li></ul>
  3. 3. Goals and Objectives <ul><li>Define mental health </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss barriers experienced by refugees and newcomers </li></ul><ul><li>Learn early warning signs of mental health problems </li></ul><ul><li>Learn new knowledge of common mental disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Learn resources in local communities </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introductions <ul><li>Why are you interested in this workshop? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the mental health needs of newcomer immigrants and refugees that you are faced with in your agency? </li></ul><ul><li>What have you done to meet these needs? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What Is Mental Health ? <ul><li>Mental Health – is a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his/her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses in life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his/her community. </li></ul><ul><li>(World Health Organization) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Problems experienced by refugees which impact their mental health: <ul><li>Experience social exclusion, social inequality and discrimination. </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination interacts with other social determinants and is experienced as trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Major Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a) lack of support systems; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b) misplaced family members due to war; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c) family conflict and breakdown; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d) peer pressure from other disenfranchised youth; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e) systemic and structural discrimination. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>f) problems with immigration status </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Mental Health Issues Faced by Newcomer Immigrants and Non-Recent Immigrants <ul><li>Trauma caused by systemic discrimination –racism, sexism, homophobia, xenophobia, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Homelessness (One third of Toronto’s homeless are immigrant) </li></ul><ul><li>Underhoused, overcrowding </li></ul><ul><li>High rate of mental health problems and alcohol and substance use of homeless non-recent immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>In Toronto, 60% of poor families are from Racialized communities </li></ul><ul><li>Mood and anxiety disorder, diabetes, heart condition caused by poverty </li></ul>
  8. 8. Immigrants, Non-recent Immigrants <ul><li>Migrants from Racialized communities earn 40% less than their white counterparts </li></ul><ul><li>Suicide attempts are 10 times higher than for citizens not living with poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem caused by unemployment or underemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Many newcomers live in poverty because they fail to have their credentials recognized and are underemployed </li></ul>
  9. 9. Continuation.. <ul><li>Domestic violence </li></ul><ul><li>Youth violence </li></ul><ul><li>Social isolation –increased level of sadness and loneliness </li></ul><ul><li>Family breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure to toxic and other environmental hazards </li></ul>
  10. 10. Problems experienced by immigrants and refugees in accessing MH services: <ul><li>3-month wait period for new immigrants to be provided OHIP coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary foreign migrant workers have no health benefits even if they are paying taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Racialized health disparities caused by social and health policies, conditions and practices </li></ul>
  11. 11. Access… <ul><li>Lack of culturally competent with anti-oppression skills of service providers and decision makers in the health system </li></ul><ul><li>Poor access to affordable housing </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of access to information (language barrier) </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate mental health services and programs </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of access to skills training </li></ul>
  12. 12. Access.. <ul><li>Dominance of Eurocentric approach to care </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of community engagement in the mental health system </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate outreach services and programs </li></ul><ul><li>Inappropriate health promotion and mental illness prevention programs </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of social supports </li></ul>
  13. 13. Early Warning Signs of Mental Health Problems <ul><li>Anxiety, nervousness </li></ul><ul><li>forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to experience pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>lack of motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling slowed down or speeded up </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding others or isolating </li></ul><ul><li>Being obsessed with minor issues </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning irrational thought pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling unconnected to your body </li></ul><ul><li>Increased irritability </li></ul><ul><li>Increased negativity </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in gambling </li></ul>
  14. 14. Warning signs… <ul><li>Aches and pains </li></ul><ul><li>Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle cramping </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Poor motor coordination with no physical reason </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling of discouragement and hopelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Not answering the phone Turning off the phone machine </li></ul><ul><li>Overeating/Undereating </li></ul><ul><li>Weepiness </li></ul><ul><li>Compulsive behaviours </li></ul>
  15. 15. Warning signs <ul><li>Controlling/manipulative behaviours </li></ul><ul><li>Being too quiet </li></ul><ul><li>Easily frustrated </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of abandonment and rejection </li></ul><ul><li>Taking too much pain medication </li></ul><ul><li>Not keeping appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Spending money on unneeded items </li></ul><ul><li>Impulsivity </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling worthless and inadequate </li></ul><ul><li>Secretiveness </li></ul>
  16. 16. Common Mental Disorders and Symptoms <ul><li>Schizophrenia - a failure of the brain’s chemical to function properly </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to disjointed ideas, confuse or disconnected thoughts or sounds </li></ul><ul><li>Or sensations experienced as real when they only exist in the person’s mind </li></ul><ul><li>A combination of some of the following symptoms that exist more than six months: delusions, hallucinations, disrupted thoughts and behaviours, grossly disorganized behaviours </li></ul><ul><li>Flattened or blunted affect </li></ul><ul><li>No energy </li></ul>
  17. 17. Common Mental Disorders <ul><li>Bi-Polar Disorder –a medical condition as a result of genetic predisposition in which people have extreme mood swings. The symptoms could be signs of depression or mania. </li></ul><ul><li>inflated self importance, delusions or hallucinations </li></ul><ul><li>feeling all powerful and destined for greatness </li></ul><ul><li>feeling high, excessively optimistic </li></ul><ul><li>irritable, aggressive, provocative, intrusive behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely talkative and sociable </li></ul><ul><li>Flight of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to concentrate </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure of speech, racing </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive involvement in pleasurable or high risk activities such as sex </li></ul><ul><li>Lacks insight </li></ul>
  18. 18. Common Mental Disorders <ul><li>Depression – a medical disorder that affects one’s thoughts, feelings, physical health and behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>A depressive episode must have a certain level of severity and a minimum duration of two weeks </li></ul><ul><li>- feeling hopeless, sad, discouraged or empty </li></ul><ul><li>- Inability to experience pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>- Significant weight loss or weight gain </li></ul><ul><li>- Insomnia or oversleeping </li></ul><ul><li>- anxiety, restlessness, slow speech </li></ul><ul><li>- Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>- Strong feelings of worthlessness or guilt </li></ul><ul><li>- perceived faults and mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>- Memory problem </li></ul><ul><li>- suicidal thoughts </li></ul><ul><li>- somatic symptoms </li></ul>
  19. 19. Other Mental Disorders <ul><li>Personality Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Post-Partum Depression </li></ul><ul><li>Psychosis </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Anorexia </li></ul><ul><li>Dual Diagnosis </li></ul>
  20. 20. UNDERSTADING RACISM IN THE MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM ORGANIZATION IDEAS OF SUPERIORITY SOCIAL NORMS STRUCTURES/SYSTEMS INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOUR <ul><li>MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>MEDIA </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKPLACE POLICES AND PROCEDURES </li></ul><ul><li>ATTITUDES </li></ul><ul><li>FEELINGS </li></ul><ul><li>BELIEFS </li></ul>
  21. 21. WHAT IS AN ANTI-RACISM FRAMEWORK? ANTI-RACISM TRAINING/EDUCATION ANTI-RACISM ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE ANTI-RACISM SERVICE DELIVERY
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×