C8 logical framework approach (lfa)


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C8 logical framework approach (lfa)

  1. 1. Logical Framework Approach (LFA) to Settlement Services Rabindra Nath Sabat
  2. 2. Workshop Details • Introduction of participants • Introduction to LFA • LFA as a Project Planning Tool • LFA concept in brief • Break • Logic Model to Modernized Settlement Services
  3. 3. Introduction of participants • Select a partner and introduce yourself to your partner: your name, name of your organization, the position you hold, your work in brief and your expectations out of this workshop • Your partner should introduce you to the whole group • You may adopt any innovative method to introduce each other
  4. 4. Introduction to LFA Logical Framework Approach, is a Result Oriented Planning Tool or Objective Oriented Planning Tool. First developed by in 1969 by USAID Since 1969, LFA has been widely adopted and adapted by the international donor community and is used for participatory project planning, as an analytic tool for project approval, or as a monitoring and evaluation framework.
  5. 5. Introduction to LFA Cont’d LFA is best used in the development sector The method may also be used for project analysis, assessment, follow-up and evaluation As a planning tool, LFA has many different elements in the process of change such as problem analysis, objectives analysis, stakeholders analysis and implementation plan analysis.
  6. 6. BENEFITS OF LFA Ensures that fundamental questions are asked and weaknesses are analyzed Guides systematic and logical analysis of the inter-related key elements Provides better basis for systematic monitoring and analysis of the effects of projects
  7. 7. LFA ENHANCES PLANNING, ANALYSIS AND COMMUNICATION. Using LFA helps: Clarify the purpose of, and the justification for a project Identify information requirements Clearly define the key elements of a project Analyze the project's setting at an early stage Facilitate communication between all parties involved Identify how the success or failure of the project should be measured
  8. 8. Elements of LFA A development project is based on: Inputs or resources Implementation of certain activities Produce a number of outputs Contribute to the desired objectives. Inputs, activities and outputs are elements of a project; they are not in themselves a measure of success or failure.
  9. 9. Success factor in LFA The success of a project depends upon a number of factors that can be controlled by the project management, as well as upon a number of external assumptions. During planning and implementation, it is extremely important to identify, monitor and analyze external assumptions, since they may cause the project to fail even if it is implemented as planned.
  10. 10. An introduction to Project Planning What is planning ? In lay man’s language, planning is deciding the best way to do a thing. Planning is a process for accomplishing a purpose or set of purposes. It is a road map to development. It helps in deciding objectives both in quantitative and qualitative terms. Planning is setting of goals on the basis of objectives keeping in view of the resources.
  11. 11. 5Ws & 1H of Planning What is to be done? When is to be done? Where is to be done? Who is responsible to do? Why it has to be done? How it has to be done?
  12. 12. Project Planning cont’d What is a plan? A plan should be a realistic view of the expectations. Depending upon the activities, a plan can be long range, intermediate range or short range. It is the framework within which it must operate. For management seeking external support, the plan is the most important document and key to growth. Preparation of a comprehensive plan will not guarantee success, but lack of a sound plan will almost certainly ensure failure.
  13. 13. Components of planning Data Collection Project Design Implementation plan or Action Plan Implementation Monitoring Evaluation
  14. 14. Concepts of LFA
  15. 15. Concept of LFA Cont’d ANALYZING THE CURRENT SITUATION Participation analysis: Participation of target groups and stakeholders Problem analysis: Main problems of the target groups and cause and effect of the problems Objectives analysis
  16. 16. Concept of LFA Cont’d Alternatives analysis Total cost (Budget) Benefits to priority groups Probability of achieving objectives (assumptions) Social risks
  17. 17. Main components of the Project Goal Objectives Activities Outputs Inputs Outcomes ( immediate/intermediate and long term) Indicators Impacts Assumptions
  18. 18. Main components of Project cont’d Goal: The goal describes the anticipated long term objective towards which the project will contribute (project justification) Objectives (SMART/SMARTER) Must reflect knowledge, awareness, understanding, confidence, attitudes, perceptions, accomplishments, societal changes
  19. 19. Main components of Project cont’d Activities: Activities are expressed as processes. Action taken or work performed within a project in order to transform Outputs :The outputs are products and services which the project management must achieve and sustain within the life of the project.
  20. 20. Main components of Project cont’d Inputs: Main inputs are expressed in terms of funds, personnel and goods. Outcomes: (immediate, intermediate and strategic) Outcomes are noun end based results- Always related to the objectives
  21. 21. Main components of Project cont’d Indicators: Means of verification An indicator defines the performance standard to be reached in order to achieve the objective. Several indicators are better than one. Single indicators seldom convey a comprehensive picture of change Assumptions : Parameters of project success Event, condition or decision which is necessary for project success, but which are largely or completely beyond the control of project management Impact- Positive and Negative impacts
  22. 22. Sequence of events In Logical Framework Approach, a development project is seen as a causally linked sequence of events. These are: Inputs Activities Outputs Purpose and Goal.
  23. 23. Sequence of events in LFA
  25. 25. PM with Indicators
  26. 26. Discussion Select a project/activity related to your work experience Develop a project matrix based on inputs, activities, purpose/objectives, goal, outcome, indicator and impact Share your project plans with others
  27. 27. Break Break 15 minutes
  28. 28. Logic Model to Modernized Settlement Services From a Suite of Programs to a Single Program with a Suite of Activities to Achieve Results From a suit of programs such as: • Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC) • Immigrant Settlement and Adaptation Program (ISAP) • Host Program (Host)
  29. 29. Outcomes of Settlement Services A. Orientation – Newcomers make informed decisions about their settlement and understand life in Canada B. Language/Skills – Newcomers have language/skills needed to function in Canada C. Labour Market Access – Newcomers obtain Connections the required assistance to find employment commensurate with their skills and education
  30. 30. Outcomes of Settlement Services D. Welcoming Communities – Newcomers receive help to establish social and professional networks so they are engaged and feel welcomed in their communities E. Policy and Program Development – To ensure effective delivery and achieve comparable settlement outcomes across Canada in Canada
  31. 31. Stream of Activities Needs Assessment and Referrals: Determines eligibility for services, and assesses newcomers’ needs, resources, strengths and barriers. Initial and ongoing needs assessments (including language assessments) Referrals to CIC funded and community settlement services
  32. 32. Stream of Activities cont’d Information & Awareness Services: Provides newcomers and prospective immigrants with access to accurate, timely information about life in Canada Information products Orientation sessions Promotion and outreach
  33. 33. Stream of Activities cont’d Language Learning & Skills Development: Provides access to language training and soft skills in different contexts to enable newcomers to function Language training Other skills/ life-skills training
  34. 34. Stream of Activities cont’d Employment-Related Services: Supports employment related programming for newcomers Labour market bridging Job search skills training Labour market information Workplace orientation
  35. 35. Stream of Activities cont’d Community Connections: Supports newcomers in their social engagement efforts, and engages communities in supporting the full participation of newcomers. Individual and community-level bridging such as: Host/ mentor matches Volunteers engaged trained and supported Cultural awareness, anti-racism, and welcoming communities services
  36. 36. Stream of Activities cont’d Support Services: Increases newcomers’ access to settlement services by providing child minding, and/ or transportation assistance Childminding Transportation assistance Provisions for disabilities Other support services: POE reception services Translation Interpretation Settlement/ crisis counselling
  37. 37. Outcome details of Policy Development Policy & Program Development Strategic plans Policy, priorities, standards and outcomes Performance measurement strategy and national reports Horizontal coordination Consultations Research analysis
  38. 38. Outcome details of Policy Development Program Implementation and Management Operational plans Program delivery materials and tools Functional guidance & training Data collection and regional/local/Service Providers’ reports Regional, local and Service Providers coordination Service delivery capacity building Best practices and info sharing Contribution agreement
  39. 39. Settlement Logic Model Example Input Activities Output Immediate Intermediate Long term Indicators Outcomes Outcomes outcomes Funding, • Assess Number of Clients are Clients Clients Number of Staff, clients clients aware of develop maintain a clients who (Personnel) needs who barriers realistic sense of well- report that Materials, and received and option goals and being, they have Equipment barriers initial plans confidence learned of a • Identify assessment and situation i.e. appropri and independence employment, ate developed labour services settlement market, that • Assist plan might affect clients to their set goals settlement and and know of prioritie options that s and are open to develop them realistic plans
  40. 40. Thank you • Any question? Rabindra Nath Sabat Program Director South Asian Family Support Services 1200 Markham Road, Suite 214, Toronto, ON M1H 3C3 Phone: (416) 431-4847, Fax: (416) 431-7283 rsabat@safss.org