C1 literacy and essential skills part 1

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  • Analyst with OLES Outline OLES LES Nat’l Dialogue- what we learned OLES Tools
  • OLES part of HRSDC, a federal government department- CPP, EI, Foreign Credential Recognition Programme Mandate centre of expertise” with a labour market focus, building awareness and capacity in “what works” for improving the literacy and essential skills of adult Canadians. Programming- funds projects Partnerships- working with CIC and Provinces, Service Providers, Academic Institutions, Literacy organizations, Employers Tools- Research- policy team that looks at theoretical issues, Int’l Surveys (IALS. PIAAC)
  • LES are 9 skills needed to function in a knowledge-based economy such as Canada Needed for work, learning and life Developed by HRSDC through extensive research more detail later
  • Research shows that LES are important for: Increased job opportunities Higher earnings
  • LES distinction between newcomers and Canadian born based on IALSS, (Int’l Adult Literacy and Skills Survey) Official language fluency and literacy has been identified as barrier to labour market integration, despite of education, a wage gap between newcomers and Canadian born exists Source: IALSS 2003- 60% of recent and established immigrants lack the necessary skills ….some issues with IALSS ( Eng/Fr test) but regardless newcomers may face barriers to labour market integration related to Skills e.g. Oral communication/ soft skills, intercultural as well as literacy. Statistics Canada 2009- Despite having higher levels of education, recent immigrants are…..
  • To further understand issues/ barriers facing newcomers, OLES worked with CIC to organize a national Dialogue of immigrant LES
  • Safeway was on an employer panel in Calgary. Safeway is a large grocery store chain in W. Canada that has engaged in various innovative initiatives to hire, retain and promote newcomers in various positions within their company. LES issues facing Safeway important to labour force growth, Eng Skill not sufficient, Government, Service Providers, and Educational Institutions can play a vital role by: developing tools/ practices to assist with the integration of new immigrants; ensuring that programs provide immigrants with the skills that are in demand in the workplace Other Findings from Nat’l Dialogue Many employers recognize skills issues but need solutions for upgrading or need links to service providers or other stakeholders that are involved in LES upgrading. Need to engage and consult with employers (especially SMEs) to understand their needs and provide customized support to help them with their hiring, recruitment and training of newcomers.
  • SAIT was on a practitioners panel in Calgary. SAIT is a polytechnic in Calgary that has also developed innovative LES initiatives for newcomers L2 means 2 nd language learner, ESL/FSL LES issues for SAIT Oral Communication, sector-specific vocab an issue Lack of skills barrier to success in school and entry to workforce Other Findings from Nat’l Dialogue Newcomer LES is a complex issue, there is no cookie cutter solution, must have tailored approaches i.e different approaches for foreign trained professionals, low-level learners, skilled trades.
  • Free on-line (pdf) or can be ordered Ease –of-use- intuitive, clear instructions, easy to administer

Transcript

  • 1. Literacy and Essential Skills for the Canadian Labour Market Presentation to the OCASI Professional Development Conference Toronto, ON, June 20-22, 2011
  • 2. Outline
    • The Office of Literacy and Essential Skills
        • Mission, Mandate and Focus
    • Literacy and Essential Skills
        • Definition, Benefits, Newcomer Context
    • National Dialogue on Immigrant LES
        • Findings
    • Literacy and Essential Skills Tools
        • Categorization and Examples
        • Tailoring Approaches to Learners Needs
        • Feedback
    • 5 . Questions/Comments
    Outline 2
  • 3. Office of Literacy and Essential Skills (OLES) RESEARCH PROGRAMMING Researching LES issues TOOLS Development and dissemination PARTNERSHIPS Mandate: OLES is a “centre of expertise” with a labour market focus, building awareness and capacity in “what works” for improving the literacy and essential skills of adult Canadians. Funds projects through Grants & Contributions With OGDs, PTs, non-profit organizations OLES does this through : OLES is part of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC)
  • 4. Understanding Literacy & Essential Skills Reading Writing Document Use Numeracy Computer Use Thinking Oral Communication Working with Others Continuous Learning
    • Literacy and Essential Skills:
    • are needed for work, learning and life;
    • are the foundation for learning all other skills;
    • help people evolve with their jobs and adapt to workplace change.
    • These skills are used in nearly every job and throughout daily life in different ways and at varying levels of complexity .
    4 Literacy Essential Skills
  • 5.
    • Benefits for Individuals:
      • Improved self confidence
      • Increased job opportunities
      • Higher earnings
    • Benefits for Employers:
      • Higher productivity
      • Improved safety
      • Greater employee retention
    Why Are Literacy and Essential Skills Important?
  • 6. Context
    • Within the immigrant population low literacy is disproportionately high
    6
      • 60% of recent and established immigrants lack the necessary skills to function in a knowledge based economy, compared to 37% of the Canadian-born population.
      • Despite having high levels of education, recent immigrants are more likely than Canadian-born workers to have lower earnings: 67% earn less than $20/hour as compared to 43% of Canadian-born.
      • Official language fluency and literacy skills are identified by both immigrants and employers as being primary barriers to immigrant labor market integration.
      • “ In a global economy, a highly skilled population is an asset and fundamental to economic growth” (Statistics Canada, 2008)
    Strong literacy and essential skills are a prerequisite to learning new skills and ensuring effective transitions into the labour market
  • 7.
    • OLES worked together with Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) and held three events in 2010.
    • Vancouver Roundtable
    • Executive Directors and heads of key stakeholder organizations (service providers, academic institutions, employers and literacy organizations) from across Canada were engaged in a discussion to identify LES issues and barriers facing immigrants.
    • Practitioners Fora (Calgary and Toronto)
    • Brought together practitioners from key stakeholder organizations to begin to develop practical solutions to address the issues addressed by the roundtable.
    National Dialogue on Immigrants and LES
  • 8.
    • Safeway Canada
    • Safeway is a large grocery store chain in W. Canada that is involved in various innovative initiatives to hire, retain and promote newcomers in various positions within their company.
    • LES Issues
    • Immigrants are important to its labour force growth.
    • English Skills may not be sufficient for the position.
    • Non-verbal communication skills in a Canadian context may be lacking.
    • Government, Service Providers, and Educational Institutions can play a vital role by:
      • developing tools/ practices to assist with the integration of new immigrants;
      • ensuring that programs provide immigrants with the skills that are in demand in the workplace
    Findings: An Employer’s Perspective
  • 9.
    • South Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT)
    • SAIT is a polytechnic in Calgary that has also developed innovative LES initiatives for newcomers
    • Steady increase in SAIT L2 learners - up to a 50% increase in some programs .
    • LES Issues
    • Oral Communication (including pronunciation), use of sector-specific vocabulary, writing skills, cultural knowledge related to the workplace (includes non-verbal communication).
    • This lack of skills creates barriers not only to success in school but ultimately in entering the workforce.
    Findings : An Educational Institution’s Perspective
  • 10. Literacy and Essential Skills Tools
    • Free and easy-to-use tools that can address different
    • LES challenges
    • Can be used by various audiences: Teachers/Trainers/ Career Counsellors, Individuals (Job Seekers & Workers), Employers and HR Professionals, Apprentices & Tradespersons
    • Can be self-administered or delivered through
    • practitioners such as career counsellors,
    • teachers etc.
  • 11. Tool Categories
    • NEEDS ASSESSMENT
      • Tools to better understand your LES strengths and weaknesses
    • LEARNING & TRAINING SUPPORTS
      • Tools to improve LES levels
    • APPRENTICESHIP
      • Information about how LES are used in the trades