Where to use geunds and infinitives

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Where to use geunds and infinitives

  1. 1. Where to use gerunds and infinitives By Taha Pourmands
  2. 2. Basic Concepts Preposition: A preposition links nouns, pronouns and phrases to the other words of the sentence. e.g: after, before, on, and … Gerund: A verb followed by “ing” e.g: going, running, visiting Infinitive: A verb in simple tense
  3. 3. As it happens usually : We aren’t FREE • to use gerunds and infinitives wherever we want .
  4. 4. Use of gerunds in the sentence A gerund can be used in several positions in a sentence.Some examples are: A.as the subject: • Watching TV makes me feel bad.. • B.as the object: • I like swimming. • C.after prepositions: • He is afraid of taliking to ghosts. • D.In noun compounds: • Diving board • •
  5. 5. Verbs + Gerunds They are verbs after which we need a gerund. Some of these verbs are: admit appreciate insist on imagine avoid be interested in be used to (can’t)stand consider deny depend on enjoy escape feel like finish suggest keep on look forward to mind miss practice put off quit risk
  6. 6. Preposition + Gerund When we put a verb after a preposition,we • normally use a gerund,not an infinitive.Some prepositions are: of,with,about,on,for,in,at,from,after,etc. • He insisted on becoming a surgeon. • The company is interested in selling its product. •
  7. 7. About Infinitives Some verbs are followed by infinitives with to. Like: afford agree arrange care choose decide expect fail hope learn mean
  8. 8. Verbs Followed by Infinitives Some verbs are followed by bare infinitives.Three common verbs are : help , make , let But the negative form of help is followed by an infinitive with to. He helped Jeffery not to fall.
  9. 9. Verbs + Infinitives/Gerunds The following verbs can be either followed by a gerund and an infinitive with to. attempt begin continue dislike dread forget hate intend like love advise allow plan
  10. 10. Continue of the Last Slide prefer propose regret remember stand start stop try

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