Easter is a Christian festival and holiday
celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ
on the third day after his crucifixion at
Calvary as described in the New Testament.
Easter is the culmination of the Passion of
Christ, preceded by Lent, a forty-day period
of fasting, prayer, and renascence.
Recalls the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem riding
on a donkey with his disciples. According to the
Gospel, Jesus was received with joy. The people
of Jerusalem raised palms and olive and laurel
branches to welcome him.
Palm Sunday is very important in countries of
Europe for example: Germany, Croatia, Spain,
Georgia, Italy, Poland, Portugal…
In Catalonia we go to church to bless a palm with
the children or a olive and laurel branches.
The days between Palm Sunday and Holy Thursday
are known as Holy Monday, Holy Tuesday, and
Holy Wednesday. The Gospels of these days tell
events not all of which occurred on the
corresponding days between Jesus' entry into
Jerusalem and his Last Supper. For instance, the
Monday Gospel tells of the Anointing at Bethany
(John 12:1-9), which occurred before the Palm
Sunday event described in John 12:12-19.
On this day the private celebration of Mass is
forbidden. Hus, apart from the Chrism Mass for
the blessing of the Holy Oils that the diocesan
bishop may celebrate on the morning of Holy
Thursday, but also on some other day close to
Easter, the only Mass on this day is the evening
Mass of the Lord's Supper, which inaugurates the
period of three days, known as the Easter
Triduum, that includes Good Friday, holy Saturday
and Easter Sunday up to evening prayer on that
In some countries, such as Malta, Philippines,
Italy and Spain, processions with statues
representing the Passion of Christ are held.
The Church mourns for Christ's death, reveres
the Cross, and marvels at his life for his
obedience until death.
The only sacraments celebrated are Penance and
Anointing of the Sick.
Mass is not celebrated on what is liturgically Holy
Saturday. The celebration of Easter begins after
sundown on what, though still Saturday in the civil
calendar, is liturgically Easter Sunday. On Holy
Saturday the Church waits at the Lord's tomb in
prayer and fasting, meditating on his Passion and
Death and on his Descent into Hell, and awaiting his
Resurrection. The Church abstains from the Sacrifice
of the Mass, with the sacred table left bare, until
after the solemn Vigil, that is, the anticipation by
night of the Resurrection, when the time comes for
paschal joys, the abundance of which overflows to
occupy fifty days.
In the Roman Catholic tradition, the Easter Vigil, the
longest and most solemn of the Catholic Church's
liturgical services, lasts up to three or four hours,
consists of four parts:
The Service of Light
The Liturgy of the Word
The Liturgy of Baptism: The sacraments of Baptism
and Confirmation for new members of the Church and
the Renewal of Baptismal Promises by the entire
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