Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Hypoglycemia ppt
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Hypoglycemia ppt


Published on

1 Comment
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide
  • Hypoglycemia a potentially life-threatening emergency.
  • Glucagon is hormone produced by the alpha cell of the pancreas that stimulates the liver to release glucose.
  • Transcript

    • 1. HypoglycemiaPresented by :SSN: Ali AhmedOn 25 – 09 – 2012
    • 2. ? What is itA person with systematically low levels of blood glucose (sugar) has hypoglycemia.Glucose is the bodys main energy source.Hypoglycemia is not a disease in itself- it is the result of an underlying issue or combination of them.
    • 3. Mild Symptoms.Trembling/shakinessSweatingAnxietyIrritabilityPallor.Heart palpitations.Headache.
    • 4. Severe SymptomsWhen the hypoglycemia is more severe the following signs or symptoms are possible:Concentration problemsConfusionIrrational and disorderly behavior (similar to somebody who is drunk)Seizures (uncommon)Loss of consciousness (uncommon)
    • 5. Causes of HypoglycemiaIt most commonly happens when a person with diabetes has taken too much insulin.Exercise without proper food intake.Skipping mealsLack of glucagon (hormone that is secreted from the pancreas that raises blood glucose levels)Excessive alcohol consumption: drinking heavily can block liver from releasing stored glucoseTumor of pancreas known as an Insulinoma
    • 6. Glucagon AlchoholInsulin
    • 7. ManagementCheck blood sugar often, if below 70mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter) stabilize it by eating.Full conscious patient: 1- oral glucose , sucrose or any sugar containing fluid.Patient mental function:1- IV 50% dextrose 25 – 50 ml or as much as possible until patient mental state recover.2- If hypoglycemia is caused by long acting insulin continue 10% dextrose drip for 24 hr. – 48 hr.3- Glucagon 1 mg IM , SC can be given to treat severe hypoglycemia if IV accesses difficult.
    • 8. PreventionChecking blood glucose levels - keep a regular check on blood sugar levels and identify the onset of symptoms.Eat regularly - keep to your eating routine.Exercise - make sure you have eaten some carbohydrate-rich food before you do any exercise.
    • 9. .Preventions contBe ready - children with diabetes type 1 should always carry a container of sugary fruit juice or a candy bar so that they are ready if symptoms are felt.Let people know - if you are susceptible to attacks of hypoglycemia, let your friends, colleagues and family members know. Explain what the signs are and what should be done.
    • 10. Concolution :1- Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized byabnormally low level of blood sugar.2- More serious to be treated fast.3- Continues monitoring of the hypoglycemiapatient.4- Diabetic patient should informed to take foodin the time. 2/24/12
    • 11. REFERANCE Mathura , R. M. F., & Schiel Jr., W. C. (2008, 21 10). Medicine net. Retrieved from Robin, S. R. (1999). Hypoglycemic diabetes. Rydner. DOI: Farver, A. F. (2009, June 2). Hypoglycemic complications. Retrieved from Rickers, F. (2008). National diabetes information clearinghouse. Retrieved from Thomas, P. (2010, January 12). Mayo clinic. Retrieved from ments-and-drugs
    • 12. REFERANCE CON Davey, D. P. (16, February 20). Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) in non-diabetic people. Retrieved from m Hypoglycemia!. (1999). Retrieved from content/uploads/2009/12/Hypoglycemia-Information- Graphic.jpg
    • 13. 2/24/12