Hypoglycemia a potentially life-threatening emergency.
Glucagon is hormone produced by the alpha cell of the pancreas that stimulates the liver to release glucose.
1. HypoglycemiaPresented by :SSN: Ali AhmedOn 25 – 09 – 2012
2. ? What is itA person with systematically low levels of blood glucose (sugar) has hypoglycemia.Glucose is the bodys main energy source.Hypoglycemia is not a disease in itself- it is the result of an underlying issue or combination of them.
4. Severe SymptomsWhen the hypoglycemia is more severe the following signs or symptoms are possible:Concentration problemsConfusionIrrational and disorderly behavior (similar to somebody who is drunk)Seizures (uncommon)Loss of consciousness (uncommon)
5. Causes of HypoglycemiaIt most commonly happens when a person with diabetes has taken too much insulin.Exercise without proper food intake.Skipping mealsLack of glucagon (hormone that is secreted from the pancreas that raises blood glucose levels)Excessive alcohol consumption: drinking heavily can block liver from releasing stored glucoseTumor of pancreas known as an Insulinoma
6. Glucagon AlchoholInsulin
7. ManagementCheck blood sugar often, if below 70mg/dl (milligrams per deciliter) stabilize it by eating.Full conscious patient: 1- oral glucose , sucrose or any sugar containing fluid.Patient mental function:1- IV 50% dextrose 25 – 50 ml or as much as possible until patient mental state recover.2- If hypoglycemia is caused by long acting insulin continue 10% dextrose drip for 24 hr. – 48 hr.3- Glucagon 1 mg IM , SC can be given to treat severe hypoglycemia if IV accesses difficult.
8. PreventionChecking blood glucose levels - keep a regular check on blood sugar levels and identify the onset of symptoms.Eat regularly - keep to your eating routine.Exercise - make sure you have eaten some carbohydrate-rich food before you do any exercise.
9. .Preventions contBe ready - children with diabetes type 1 should always carry a container of sugary fruit juice or a candy bar so that they are ready if symptoms are felt.Let people know - if you are susceptible to attacks of hypoglycemia, let your friends, colleagues and family members know. Explain what the signs are and what should be done.
10. Concolution :1- Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized byabnormally low level of blood sugar.2- More serious to be treated fast.3- Continues monitoring of the hypoglycemiapatient.4- Diabetic patient should informed to take foodin the time. 2/24/12
11. REFERANCE Mathura , R. M. F., & Schiel Jr., W. C. (2008, 21 10). Medicine net. Retrieved from http://www.medicinenet.com/hypoglycemia/article.htm Robin, S. R. (1999). Hypoglycemic diabetes. Rydner. DOI: Farver, A. F. (2009, June 2). Hypoglycemic complications. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/diabet Rickers, F. (2008). National diabetes information clearinghouse. Retrieved from http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/hypoglycemia/ Thomas, P. (2010, January 12). Mayo clinic. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hypoglycemia/DS00198/DSECTION=treat ments-and-drugs
12. REFERANCE CON Davey, D. P. (16, February 20). Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose) in non-diabetic people. Retrieved from http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/facts/bloodsugarlow.ht m Hypoglycemia!. (1999). Retrieved from http://www.hemorrhoidinformationcenter.com/wp- content/uploads/2009/12/Hypoglycemia-Information- Graphic.jpg