Lesson 1-Site specific Public Art

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Slides of the first lesson on Site specific Public Art at School of Architecture and Society- Campus Piacenza (Politecnico di Milano).
Prof. Ornella Costanzo

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Lesson 1-Site specific Public Art

  1. 1. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 FOUNDATION: PUBLIC ART AS AN OPEN FIELD ? Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  2. 2. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 PRESENTATION OF THE COURSE Overview on the variety and complexity of Public Art Origins: from the experience of Sixties in USA and Europe, through New Genre Public Art, Relational Aesthetics to the no borders terrain between art and civic engagement From site specific to public sphere. Emerging experiences in community-oriented art practices, participatory cultures, challenging use of media Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  3. 3. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 PRESENTATION OF THE COURSE Focusing in detail on case-histories we will dialogue on specific topics such as: - the functions of public art: from urban revitalization to representing communities, from memorials to new sites of experimentation and narration; -- new visions of public art: from urban pedagogy to a visualization of civic paths -new form of communication: social media and internet based practices, user- generated content and participation; -- identifying “the public”: audience, collaboration, communities and bottom-up movements; -- temporality, ephemeral and relational aesthetics; -- artists vs cultural workers; art work vs cultural production: comparisons and differences -New relationships with the institutions: the role of artistic events, biennial exhibitions and museums; -- non-conventional places for public art: re-sign the territory Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  4. 4. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 PRESENTATION OF THE COURSE Goals and objectives: -Provide an overview of themes and issues concerning the course through readings, lectures, and case-history studies; Acquire skills in research, criticism, and proposal of a paper about a theme within the course; Apply learned skills to develop, produce and present a proposal of a public art project as creator or curator; The course will include guest speakers. Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  5. 5. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 PRESENTATION OF THE COURSE # 1 GUEST SPEAKER Elisa Giardina Papa and Andrea Masu artists from RISD (Rhode Island School of Design). Research group at MFA RISD ::Re-framing the real They analyze works by artists motivated from a strong cultural, political and social sense of urgency to build new relationship between history and future. They invent new dramaturgies of the sensible, their works and actions are set in the public sphere in that area that extends from the street to the media and up to the internet. Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  6. 6. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 PRESENTATION OF THE COURSE Research group at MFA RISD ::Re-framing the real - Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  7. 7. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 # 2 GUEST SPEAKER Alterazioni Video- Incompiuto Siciliano::Unfinished Sicily Installations and actions on the theme of détournement and public art. - Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  8. 8. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 Alterazioni Video- Incompiuto Siciliano::Unfinished Sicily - Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  9. 9. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 Studio Azzurro: well known italian video-artist group - Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  10. 10. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 PRESENTATION OF THE COURSE Class Assignments: Mid-term paper: You will be responsible for presenting one paper to the class. This will be a 5 page research paper focusing on one artist or artist group related to a topic covered in class by half-term. Since it is a research paper, you must include footnote/endnotes and a list of work cited. This paper could be researched using the bibliography as well as on line materials. The paper should be submitted in mid-term class period. Final project and paper: Final project should include a planning, a presentation, drawings and other media work of your idea concerning the (i.e. video, photo, internet work). It will be realized according to the courses of Landscape design studio and Analysis of temporary inhabitants in public spaces. For the final you will be expected to complete one project or a 10-page reasearch paper that adresses one of the issues raised in this course. I will provide a list of topics. - Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  11. 11. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 PRESENTATION OF THE COURSE Bibliography and readings : -Suzanne Lacy, Mapping the terrain: new genre public art, Bay Press, 1995 -Nicolas Bourriaud, Relational Aesthetics, Les Presse Du Reel, 1998 - Living as Form, socially engaged art from 1991- 2011, edited by Nato Thompson, Creative Times Book, New York, The MIT Press, Cambridge 2011 - Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  12. 12. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1Suzanne Lacy, Mapping the terrain: new genre Nicolas Bourriaud, Relational Aesthetics, Lespublic art, Bay Press, 1995 Presse Du Reel, 1998 Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  13. 13. Course of Site Specific Public ArtLiving as Form, socially engaged art from Lesson #11991- 2011, edited by Nato Thompson,Creative Times Book, New York, The MITPress, Cambridge 2011 Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  14. 14. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 PRESENTATION OF THE COURSE Instructions to follow the course: -blog art-as-playground.blogspot.com Facebook group: publicartpiacenza #publicartpiacenza I send you a reading in pdf format. This is my adress: ornellacostanzopolipc@gmail.com Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  15. 15. Course of Site Specific Public Art Lesson #1 WHAT IS PUBLIC ART? - Alexander Calder 1967, La Grande Vitesse in Grand Rapids, Michigan Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  16. 16. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART? Starting from the 70s commissioners of public art, still active Lesson #1both in the U.S.A. and Europe, have brought several work of art in public spaces ofcities of different sizes. -Claes Oldenburg: "Free" Stamp Cleveland Claes Oldenburg, Needle, thread and Knot,City Hall, 1985 Milan 2000 Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  17. 17. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART? Other interventions in nature. Lesson #1 -Niki De Saint Phalle, Tarots Park in Capalbio Jean Tinguely, Heureka, Zurich, 1964 (river(Tuscany) 1976-1999 delta) Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  18. 18. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART? Relationship with the memory of an historical event, a person, Lesson #1a tragedy ecc.1924-1925 Mount Rushmore Eisenmann Memorial to the Holocaust (1990s-2005) Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  19. 19. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART? Relationship with the memory of an historical event, a person, Lesson #1a tragedy ecc. Alberto Burri, Cretto, Gibellina-Sicily (after the Earthquake of ‘68) 1973 Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  20. 20. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? Land art, Minimal art, Conceptual art, Fluxus, performances Lesson #1have contributed to the debate, to shift the focus onto an open work, interactive,context-responsive of physical and perceptive environment. Robert Morris: Observatory (Netherlands) 1971-77 (LAND ART) Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  21. 21. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? Land art, Minimal art, Conceptual art, Fluxus, performances Lesson #1have contributed to the debate, to shift the focus onto an open work, interactive,context-responsive of physical and perceptive environment. Robert Smithson: Spiral Jetty 1970 (LAND ART) Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  22. 22. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? Land art, Minimal art, Conceptual art, Fluxus, performances Lesson #1have contributed to the debate, to shift the focus onto an open work, interactive,context-responsive of physical and perceptive environment. Walter De Maria, Lightning Field 1977 (LAND ART) Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  23. 23. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? Land art, Minimal art, Conceptual art, Fluxus, performances Lesson #1have contributed to the debate, to shift the focus onto an open work, interactive,context-responsive of physical and perceptive environment. Daniel Buren, Le deux Plateaux (The two levels), Paris 1986 (MINIMAL ART) Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  24. 24. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? Land art, Minimal art, Conceptual art, Fluxus, performances Lesson #1have contributed to the debate, to shift the focus onto an open work, interactive,context-responsive of physical and perceptive environment. Joseph Beuys, 7000 Oaks, Kassel, 1982 Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  25. 25. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? Land art, Minimal art, Conceptual art, Fluxus, performances Lesson #1have contributed to the debate, to shift the focus onto an open work, interactive,context-responsive of physical and perceptive environment. Allan Kaprow, 18 happenings in 6 parts 1959 (FLUXUS/HAPPENING) Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  26. 26. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE CONCEPT OF PUBLIC Lesson #1Public is the core of the artistic intervention.An art to engage the audience with, a real-world addressed art, the aim of a socialchange. Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  27. 27. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE CONCEPT OF PUBLIC Lesson #1Superflex, Guarana Power, Venice Biennial 2003 Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  28. 28. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE MEANING OF SITE SPECIFIC Lesson #1In early 1900: first studio and then expanded into the “real world” Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  29. 29. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE MEANING OF SITE SPECIFIC Lesson #1From the 70s site specific concerns the presence of the public, a dialogue withhim, without which the artist and the art do not exist. Dan Graham, Public Space Two Audiences, 1976 Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  30. 30. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE MEANING OF SITE SPECIFIC Lesson #1From the 90’s: social function of art. Artists do use it as work on field to solve socialconflicts. This attitude requires a political sight and action. Rirkrit Tiravanija, The Land project, 1998 Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  31. 31. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE COMMISSIONERS Lesson #1From a public commissioner to a spontaneous intervention, increasingly often, in spite ofthe institutional dynamics themselves.• Public fund• Mixed commissioners: half public-half private• Percent for law (USA)• England (government investment)• France (commande publique) 1% of budget of public buildings for art• The works funded belong to the public subject Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  32. 32. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE COMMISSIONERS: the private initiative Lesson #1The example of Creative Time in the U.S.A. from the 70’s. Art in unknown and unusualplaces. Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  33. 33. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE COMMISSIONERS: the private initiative Lesson #1The example of Creative Time in the U.S.A. from the 70’s. Art in unknown and unusualplaces. Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  34. 34. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE COMMISSIONERS: the private initiative Lesson #1The example of Creative Time the in U.S.A. from the 70’s. Art in unknown and unusualplaces. Message to the Public, John Lennon and Yoko Ono, Times Square Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  35. 35. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE COMMISSIONERS: the private initiative Lesson #1The example of Creative Time in the U.S.A. from the 70’s. Art in unknown and unusualplaces. Message to the Public,Jenny Holzer, Times Square Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  36. 36. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE COMMISSIONERS: the private initiative Lesson #1Case histories in Italy. The initiative of the periphery: Spoleto (Umbria, Como (Lombardia).Volterra 73 (Tuscany).Self-management, participation and democratic processes on the wave of ‘68. Calder (comm. Municipality) B. Munari, Como , Campo Urbano. Comm: curators and artists. Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  37. 37. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE COMMISSIONERS: the private initiative Lesson #1Case histories in Italy. The initiative of the periphery: Spoleto (Umbria, Como (Lombardia).Volterra 73 (Tuscany).Self-management, participation and democratic processes on the wave of ‘68. Staccioli (comm. Municipality, curators, artists, artisans. Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  38. 38. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? THE COMMISSIONERS: the private initiative Lesson #1Case histories in Italy. The initiative of the periphery: Spoleto (Umbria, Como (Lombardia).Volterra 73 (Tuscany).Self-management, participation and democratic processes on the wave of ‘68. Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  39. 39. Course of Site Specific Public ArtWHAT IS PUBLIC ART ? TODAY. THE SELF-COMMISSION: PARTICIPATION AND Lesson #1PROPOSALSSpacehive, Neighborland, Ioby (In your back yard), Brickstarter Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  40. 40. Course of Site Specific Public ArtFOUNDATION: LAND ART Lesson #1MAIN CHARACTERISTICS: • close relationship between work and • Theyre a not a drop sculpture, its not an site-specific autonomous work which does not • the context where the work is created change in relation to the space and time conditions. • the perception of the work is strictly related to the circumstances within the • From the audience point of view is very work is seen important the position he covers to observe it. • the artist creates works which are conditioned by the place itself and by • The dimension: large scale project, huge using the materials he has at his own and imposing. disposal. So the works are physically inseparable from the site. Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  41. 41. Course of Site Specific Public ArtFOUNDATION: LAND ART Lesson #1Richard Long, Delabole slate circle Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  42. 42. Course of Site Specific Public ArtFOUNDATION: LAND ART Lesson #1Richard Long, River Avon Driftwood (1976) Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  43. 43. Course of Site Specific Public ArtFOUNDATION: LAND ART Lesson #1Richard Long, Walking a line in the grass (1967) and Walking a line in Ireland Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  44. 44. Course of Site Specific Public ArtFOUNDATION: LAND ART Lesson #1Richard Long, Walking a line in Nepal and walking a circle in Maharahstra Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society
  45. 45. Course of Site Specific Public ArtFOUNDATION: LAND ART Lesson #1Richard Long, Avon Mud circle series Politecnico di Milano (Campus di Piacenza) School of Architecture and Society

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