Tangata tiriti treaty people community learning about the treaty of waitangi
Tangata Tiriti – Treaty People Community learning about the Treaty of Waitangi
Today’s workshop• Learn who is ‘tangata tiriti’ ?• Background about the Tangata Tiriti project and resource kit• Do 4 or 5 learning activities from the kit• Discuss how the kit can be useful in your community, group, school or workplace.
Tangata tiriti - treaty people• The Treaty of Waitangi is important for all New Zealanders.• Maori who signed the Treaty agreed to share their country with the people who would come here later.• Treaty people, tangata tiriti. That’s us and that’s why we need to know about and respect the Treaty.
Introductions• What is your name ? When did you/your family come to NZ ?• Are you ‘tangata tiriti’ ?• Why did you chose this workshop today? What would you like to know about the Treaty or about the Tangata Tiriti project?
What is Tangata Tiriti - Treaty People?• A workbook on the Treaty of Waitangi in ‘plain English’• 29 visual activities for groups• Easy notes for facilitators• Prepares new settlers for participation in NZ society• Gives ‘older’ settlers accurate information
Activities help to answer...• Am I welcome?• Do I have a rightful place here?• The Treaty sounds good - so what happened?• Why are Maori people angry?• Why are many Pakeha negative about Maori?• What does the Treaty mean for us today?
Whanau, hapu, iwi• Whanau/family: includes parents, children, grandparents, aunties, uncles, cousins• Hapu: a group of related whanau/families• Rangatira: leaders of hapu• Iwi: a federation of hapu e.g. Nga Puhi, Tainui, Ngati Whatua, Te Arawa, Tuwharetoa, Ngai Tahu
Maori often identifythemselves by • Ancestor and/or waka • Mountain • River • Other special feature of their people or area
Maori and trade• Maori communities were keen on new people and new ideas.• From the time of Captain Cook’s visits they enjoyed trading with the Europeans who came.• Maori hapu were successful commercial producers & exporters.• From the 1820s, Maori were running their own ships over to Australia to trade, and exporting to California.
Maori and land (whenua)• Hapu have a great love for the land they inherited from their ancestors.• Hapu had strict rules about the conservation of the land and the sea.• Hapu did not buy or sell land.• They liked trading, but not in land.
Tuku whenua: giving new settlers a place on hapu land• Many hapu gave a place on their land to European missionaries and traders.• The new settlers were expected to respect the hapu and its rangatira.• The hapu had a duty to protect those who were given a place on their land.• Many early Europeans were fed and housed by hapu when they first arrived in New Zealand.
Do you recognise this flag? What colour is it? Where does it come from?
The Declaration of Independence• 1833: James Busby sent to NZ as diplomat for the British Government.• 1834: Busby advises the northern Rangatira about a flag.• 1834: Other nations become interested in this country.• 1835: The northern Rangatira sign a Declaration of Independence.
The Declaration of Independence 28 October 18351. The northern Rangatira declare their area an INDEPENDENT STATE.2. All SOVEREIGN POWER and AUTHORITY rests with the Rangatira.3. The Rangatira will meet in Congress each year.4. A promise of mutual care and protection
Reasons for a Treaty in 1840In the 1830s the number of Europeans was increasing.Rich people in England and Australia wanted to buy land in NZ so they could divide it into sections and sell it. The missionaries asked the British Government to control the situation.Some Europeans were behaving badly. The rangatira and the missionaries wanted them to have their own leader to keep them in order.
The two versions• Te Tiriti o Waitangi: • The English version: the original translated later “Rangatiratanga” “Sovereignty”
Colonisation• Colonisation occurs when control in these areas is taken over by the colonising power and away from the indigenous peoples.• The indigenous peoples then struggle to maintain their own institutions.
Tangata Tiriti resource kit andworkshops available at ARMSreception@arms-mrc.org.nz Go to our webpage onwww.arms-mrc.org.nzFor a workshop in other areascontact Ingrid Huygens email@example.com