Maori representation in local government v1
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Maori representation in local government v1

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Maori representation in local government v1 Maori representation in local government v1 Presentation Transcript

  • MāoriRepresentationinLocalGovernment
    Joris de Bres
    Race Relations Commissioner
    NZ Diversity Forum August 2010
  • Why consider the issue now?
    Royal Commission on Auckland Governance recommended Māori seats
    Government rejected the proposal
    2010 Race Relations Report identified Māori representation as a priority in election year
    Māori remain seriously underrepresented in local government
    HRC Environment Bay of Plenty case study
  • Environment Bay of Plenty
    Council conducted hearings and obtained special legislation in 2001
    Option extended to all councils in 2002 by Local Electoral Amendment Act
    Council has had three Maori constituencies since 2004
    No other council has uplifted the option
  • EBOP: HRC Case Study 2010
    Councillors, managers and staff generally enthusiastic about the system
    BOP iwi positive about the improved participation in decision making
    Māori Committee a standing committee of Council and engages with hapū and iwi
    Māori Policy Unit supports Maori Committee and hapū and iwi
  • EBOP: DIA case study 2009
    “The establishment of Māori constituency seats is a key mechanism utilised to facilitate Māori input and participation into council.”
    “While council and Māori acknowledge its practical effect in giving Māori a voice at the decision making table, they also recognise that the Māori seats are a symbol of the validation and respect of Māori as tangata whenua.”
  • Royal Commission on Auckland Recommendations
    two Māori seats elected by voters on the Māori Electoral Roll
    a Mana Whenua Forum, appointed by mana whenua of the Auckland region
    A mana whenua seat appointed by members of the Mana Whenua Forum
  • Select Committee Report
    Noted that large number of submitters supported Māori seats
    Urged the Auckland Council to carefully consider establishing Māori representation should there be community support for this
    Noted that mechanism for this provided by Local Electoral Act 2001
    Identified need to consider adequacy of national legislation on Māori representation separately
  • Statutory Māori Advisory Board
    General functions:
    (a) act in accordance with its purpose and functions and ensure it does not contravene the purpose for which it was established
    Specific function:
    To appoint a maximum of 2 persons to sit on subcommittees dealing with natural and physical resources
  • Te UruroaFlavell: Private Member’s Bill 2010
    Proposed change to Local Electoral Act to base Māori seats on population not enrolment
    Present system if fully implemented would produce 117 Māori seats (12.7%)
    Proposed system would produce 199 Māori seats (21.5%).
    Current Māori representation is 4.8%
  • Survey of local government
    The Human Rights Commission has surveyed all territorial authorities and regional councils to establish whether they have considered introducing Māori seats
    Results of that survey will be presented today by Dr Judith Pryor.
  • Recommendations
    Iwi should discuss whether or not they want Māori seats on their local or regional council
    New Auckland Council should proceed to establish Māori seats without further ado, subject to re-endorsement by Auckland iwi
    Discussions should take place between councils and iwi on Māori seats and Māori representation prior to next representation review (in 2011)
    Councils should support the Māori choice
    There should be further national discussion on improved provision for Māori representation