Chris sibley mapping state of the nation

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Chris sibley mapping state of the nation

  1. 1. Mapping the state of the nation:Recent findings from the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study Dr. Chris Sibley, University of Auckland Prof. Colleen Ward, Victoria University of Wellington
  2. 2. The New Zealand Attitudes and Values StudyThe New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) is alongitudinal national postal study which I lead. The NZAVSaims to track changes in various social psychological andhealth factors for up to the next 20 years.2009 N = 65182010 N = 4442 (68% retention)2011 N = 6887 (60% retention, and 2973 new)The study measures a range of self-report attitudes andoutcomes relating to prejudice and tolerance in NewZealand each year.
  3. 3. What makes a successful multicultural society?First, there needs to be general support formulticulturalism… and of cultural diversity as a valuableresource for a society. Second, there should be overall lowlevels of intolerance or prejudice in the population. Third,there should be generally positive mutual attitudesamong the various ethnocultural groups that constitutethe society. And fourth, there needs to be a degree ofattachment to the larger Canadian society, but withoutderogation of its constituent ethnocultural groups.Berry and Kalin (1995, p. 302)
  4. 4. What makes a successful multicultural society?First, there needs to be general support formulticulturalism… and of cultural diversity as a valuableresource for a society. Second, there should be overall lowlevels of intolerance or prejudice in the population. Third,there should be generally positive mutual attitudesamong the various ethnocultural groups that constitutethe society. And fourth, there needs to be a degree ofattachment to the larger Canadian society, but withoutderogation of its constituent ethnocultural groups.Berry and Kalin (1995, p. 302)
  5. 5. General support for multiculturalism Scale items: “True equality can be achieved only once we recognize that some ethnic groups are currently more disadvantaged than others and require additional assistance from the government.” “We are all New Zealanders and the law should not make provision for minority groups because of their ethnicity.” (reversed) “We are all one nation and we should all be treated the same. No one should be entitled to anything more than the rest of us simply because they belong to one particular ethnic group.” (reversed)From Sibley et al. (2011, NZJP)
  6. 6. Low levels of intolerance or prejudice Scale item: “People from other races would be likely to reject me on the basis of my race.”From Sibley and Ward (in prep.)
  7. 7. Low levels of intolerance or prejudice Scale item: “Feel that I am often discriminated against because of my ethnicity.”From Sibley et al. (in prep.)
  8. 8. Positive mutual attitudes among groupsFrom Sibley et al. (2011, NZJP)
  9. 9. Positive mutual attitudes among groupsFrom Sibley and Ward (in prep.)
  10. 10. Attachment to the larger society Scale items: “I feel a great pride in the land that is our New Zealand.” “Although at times I may not agree with the government, my commitment to New Zealand always remains strong.”From Sibley and Ward (in prep.)
  11. 11. Equality of health and wellbeing outcomes Scale items: Item Response Weighted item scores from the validated Kessler-6 measure of non-specific psychological distress From Krynen and Sibley (in prep.)
  12. 12. How does New Zealand stack up?The NZAVS data indicate that1.Pakeha are viewed favourably by all groups (a pro-majority bias). Asians tend be viewed least favourably.There is asymmetry between Pacific and Maoriattitudes of one another.2.Asian people, as a broad category, experience themost discrimination in New Zealand, and have thehighest concerns about race-based rejection.3.People from all four groups show a high level ofattachment to New Zealand4.Pakeha show the lowest level of support formulticulturalism generally.5.Pacific and Asian people are the most at risk ofpsychological distress.

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