Bridge 1   Basics And Opening
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Bridge 1 Basics And Opening

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Bridge 1   Basics And Opening Bridge 1 Basics And Opening Presentation Transcript

  • Bridge Lessons - Beginners NYU Bridge and Spades Club
  • Lesson 1 Basics and Opening
  • Counting Points
    • Counting high-card points (HCPs)
      • Ace = 4 points
      • King = 3 points
      • Queen = 2 points
      • Jack = 1 point
    • Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet
    Counting Points
    • Counting high-card points (HCPs)
      • Ace = 4 points
      • King = 3 points
      • Queen = 2 points
      • Jack = 1 point
    • Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet
  • Game Level
    • Counting high-card points (HCPs)
      • Ace = 4 points
      • King = 3 points
      • Queen = 2 points
      • Jack = 1 point
    • Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet
    I keep hearing about the “game level”. What is it?
    • “ Game” is a kind of contract threshold
      • All contracts BID and MADE at or above this level are given a bonus score
    • Game contracts
      • 3NT and up – requires ~ 26 points to make
      • 4H/S and up – requires ~ 26 points to make
      • 5C/S and up – requires ~ 29 points to make (eww)
    • NB: all 6-level contracts are slams while 7-level contracts are grand slams
    • NB 2: since it takes less points to make major (H/S) or NT games, most bidding conventions are aimed at finding those games
  • Scoring
    • Counting high-card points (HCPs)
      • Ace = 4 points
      • King = 3 points
      • Queen = 2 points
      • Jack = 1 point
    • Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet
    Scoring in Bridge
    • 20 points per minor trick (i.e. 1C gives 20 points), 30 points per major trick and 40 points for the first NT trick, 30 thereafter
    • Partials (below game level) get a 50 point bonus
    • Games get a 300/500 point bonus (non-vul/vul)
    • Slams 500/750 + game bonus
    • Grand slams 1000/1500 + game bonus
  • Opening Bids - Basics
    • Counting high-card points (HCPs)
      • Ace = 4 points
      • King = 3 points
      • Queen = 2 points
      • Jack = 1 point
    • Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet
    Opening Bids - Basics
    • Definition of an opening bid:
      • An opening bid is a bid made by the first bidder not to pass
    • Requirement for opening: 13 points
      • Why? Because game is 26 points. If you don’t have at least half of that and partner cannot open either, your partnership didn’t miss a game and probably didn’t lose out on too much
  • Opening Bids
    • Counting high-card points (HCPs)
      • Ace = 4 points
      • King = 3 points
      • Queen = 2 points
      • Jack = 1 point
    • Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet
    Opening Bids Do you have 13-21 points? Yes No 22+ points: 2C Else, don’t open Balanced? No Yes 15-17 points: 1NT 20-21 points: 2NT Anything else 5-card major: 1M Else, longer minor
  • Why do we open this way? Why do we Open this way?
    • NT has a narrow range so it can describe our hand well
      • Preciseness is key in contract bridge
    • Minors are our last priority because minor games are harder to play in