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# Bridge 1 Basics And Opening

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### Bridge 1 Basics And Opening

1. 1. Bridge Lessons - Beginners NYU Bridge and Spades Club
2. 2. Lesson 1 Basics and Opening
3. 3. Counting Points <ul><li>Counting high-card points (HCPs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ace = 4 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King = 3 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen = 2 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack = 1 point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet </li></ul>Counting Points <ul><li>Counting high-card points (HCPs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ace = 4 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King = 3 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen = 2 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack = 1 point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet </li></ul>
4. 4. Game Level <ul><li>Counting high-card points (HCPs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ace = 4 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King = 3 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen = 2 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack = 1 point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet </li></ul>I keep hearing about the “game level”. What is it? <ul><li>“ Game” is a kind of contract threshold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All contracts BID and MADE at or above this level are given a bonus score </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Game contracts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3NT and up – requires ~ 26 points to make </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4H/S and up – requires ~ 26 points to make </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5C/S and up – requires ~ 29 points to make (eww) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NB: all 6-level contracts are slams while 7-level contracts are grand slams </li></ul><ul><li>NB 2: since it takes less points to make major (H/S) or NT games, most bidding conventions are aimed at finding those games </li></ul>
5. 5. Scoring <ul><li>Counting high-card points (HCPs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ace = 4 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King = 3 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen = 2 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack = 1 point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet </li></ul>Scoring in Bridge <ul><li>20 points per minor trick (i.e. 1C gives 20 points), 30 points per major trick and 40 points for the first NT trick, 30 thereafter </li></ul><ul><li>Partials (below game level) get a 50 point bonus </li></ul><ul><li>Games get a 300/500 point bonus (non-vul/vul) </li></ul><ul><li>Slams 500/750 + game bonus </li></ul><ul><li>Grand slams 1000/1500 + game bonus </li></ul>
6. 6. Opening Bids - Basics <ul><li>Counting high-card points (HCPs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ace = 4 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King = 3 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen = 2 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack = 1 point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet </li></ul>Opening Bids - Basics <ul><li>Definition of an opening bid: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An opening bid is a bid made by the first bidder not to pass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Requirement for opening: 13 points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? Because game is 26 points. If you don’t have at least half of that and partner cannot open either, your partnership didn’t miss a game and probably didn’t lose out on too much </li></ul></ul>
7. 7. Opening Bids <ul><li>Counting high-card points (HCPs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ace = 4 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King = 3 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queen = 2 points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack = 1 point </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some people count distribution points but for our purposes, we won’t yet </li></ul>Opening Bids Do you have 13-21 points? Yes No 22+ points: 2C Else, don’t open Balanced? No Yes 15-17 points: 1NT 20-21 points: 2NT Anything else 5-card major: 1M Else, longer minor
8. 8. Why do we open this way? Why do we Open this way? <ul><li>NT has a narrow range so it can describe our hand well </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preciseness is key in contract bridge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minors are our last priority because minor games are harder to play in </li></ul>