Authentic Leadership Part IiiPresentation Transcript
Leadership Strategies and Tools A Webinar Presented by NYS ARTS Craig Dreeszen, Ph.D., 2009 This program is made possible with support from National Endowment for the Arts, American Express Foundation and the New York State Council on the Arts, a State Agency
Hear some of your reflections on leadership
Explore paradoxes of leadership and a few more principles
Examine leadership tools and ongoing learning opportunities
Encourage your plan to enhance your leadership
Adulation & mistrust of leaders
Leaders closely scrutinized
Fast changing and complicated environment
Arts funding volatile
Generational shift of leaders
“ The first responsibility of a leader is to define reality.” Max DePree
Organizations in crisis
Organization turnarounds and failures
Founding directors leaving
Baby boomers (slowly) retiring
Next generation leaders
You may plan dramatic changes that would be resisted in calmer times
Abandon ineffective programs
Lay off unproductive staff
Reorganize governance or operations
Merge with competitor
Surviving organizations will be stronger
“ Think of leadership as the sum of two vectors:
Competence – your specialty, your skills, your know-how, and
Authenticity – your identity, your character, your attitude.”
Peter Koestenbaum, Philosopher, Fast Company , March 2000
A central attribute of leadership is capacity to accept ambiguity and manage polarities.
“ Taking personal responsibility for getting others to implement strategy is the leader’s key polarity.”
Like parenting, “You are 100% responsible for how your children turn out. And you accomplish that by teaching them they are 100% responsible for how they turn out.”
“ Leaders don’t create followers, they create more leaders.” Tom Peters
The best leaders operate in four dimensions:
The visionary leader thinks big, thinks new, thinks ahead
Realistic leader faces reality as it is, not as you envision it
Ethical leader respects human values of integrity, love, and meaning
Courageous leader has the will and capacity to make things happen
“ The real challenge of leadership is to develop all four of these, often contradictory modes of thinking at once.
“ Too many people separate the act of leadership from the leader. They see leadership as something that they do – rather than as an expression of who they are. People who understand who they are…have a more powerful voice.”
Three core qualities of leadership :
Ask yourself :
“ Do you know yourself?
Why do I pursue the work and life that I do?
What do I act like during the most fulfilling times of my life?
Do you know how to listen – and to hear?”
Fast Company , December 2007
“ The servant-leader is servant first… It begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve, to serve first . Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead.
… different from one who is leader first, perhaps because of the need to assuage an unusual power drive…
“ The difference manifests itself in the care taken by the servant-first to make sure that other people’s highest priority needs are being served.”
Robert K. Greenleaf
“ There go the people. I must follow them for I am their leader.” Alexandre Ledru-Rollin
“ Leadership involves finding a parade and getting in front of it.” John Naisbitt
Barbara Kellerman, Bad Leadership , identifies seven types of bad leaders
Incompetent -- Lack skill or will
Rigid -- Inflexible
Intemperate -- Lack self control
Callous -- Uncaring or unkind
Corrupt -- Lie, steal, or cheat
Insular -- Disregard welfare of those outside immediate group
Evil – commit severe harm
When the Master governs, the people are hardly aware that he exists….
If you don’t trust the people,
you make them untrustworthy.
The Master doesn’t talk, he acts.
When his work is done, the people say, “Amazing: we did it, all by ourselves.”
Lao Tzu 5 th Century B.C.E.
A real leader, through actions and words, has the ability to motivate others to their highest level of achievement;
then gives them the opportunity and the freedom to grow.
The leader acts with little motion, instructs not with words but by deeds, keeps informed but seldom interferes.
Follow leaders & mentors
Shannon Leadership Institute
NY State Arts Webinar series
Americans for the Arts Webinar local arts management series
Arts Extension Service online Certificate in Arts Management
James P. Shannon Leadership Institute, St. Paul, MN
“ Organizations flourish under the leadership of people who are:
clear about their purpose and values,
approach challenges proactively and with energy, and
who have a vision of how they can best serve the people in their community.”
Leadership is an Art , Max DePree
The Starfish and the Spider , Ori Brafman and Rod Beckstrom
Leaders: The Strategies for Taking Charge , Warren Bennis and Burt Nanus
Leadership and the New Science , Margaret Wheatley
Leading Change , John P. Kotter
Bad Leadership , Barbara Kellerman
Governance as Leadership , Richard Chait, William Ryan, Barbara Taylor
Community: The Structure of Belonging , Peter Block
The Creative Community Builder’s Handbook , Tom Borrup
Harvard Business Review on Leadership
Harvard Business Review on What Makes a Leader
Tao te Ching , Lao Tzu
Reflect on your practice
Be comfortable with yourself
Take care of yourself
What have you learned about your leadership?
What do you need to learn?
Resolve to learn and improve your leadership practice.
“ If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader.”