What is Education• Education is an act or process of imparting or/of acquiring general knowledge, developing the abilities of reasoning and judgment, and generally prepar ing oneself or others intellectually for adult life.
Another Definition of Education• Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, research, or simply through observation and generally occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts.
Theorist view on Education• The Functionalist Theory• The Conflict Theory• The Symbolic Interactionist Theory• The Feminist Theory
The Functionalist• Functionalists first see education in its manifest role: conveying basic knowledge and skills to the next generation. Durkheim (the founder of functionalist theory) identified the latent role of education as one of socialising people into societys mainstream.
The Conflict Theorist View• Conflict theorists see the educational system as perpetuating the status quo by dulling the lower classes into being obedient workers.• Conflict theorists see education not as a social benefit or opportunity, but as a powerful means of maintaining power structures and creating a docile work force for capitalism.
The symbolic• They focused on how teacher expectations influence student performance, perceptions, and attitudes and identified such phenomenon’s as• Self-fulfilling Prophesy• Labeling
The Feminist• Feminists view education as an active cause in secondary socialization, which then helps to forge patriarchy.• The view of the Liberal feminist is that changes in equal opportunities and education policies will end patriarchy
Differential Educational Achievement• The Differential Educational Achievement Concept seeks to identify that there are more prominent factors, other than those that occur in the classroom that impact children of diverse groups causing them to achieve different levels of educational performance in society.
Our Factors of Differential Education• Gender• Intelligence (Genetic, Hereditary or Environmental)• Labeling
What is Gender in Education• Gender can be described as the social, psychological and cultural attributes of muscularity and femininity that are based on biological distinctions.• Extent to which females and males perform differently in different subjects• Their tendency to study different subjects as the given choice• The Genderquake where girls are out- performing boys
Intelligence• There is general agreement that intelligence is due to;• The genes inherited from parents• The environment in which children grow up
Labelling• Labeling Theory focuses exclusively on school factors and specifically on classroom interaction between the teacher and their pupils. “Labeling is a process, not a direct, casual force”
Conclusion• Though, we have identified many a diverse challenge why students achieve varying levels of academic achievement. Education still remains the second (after family) primary source of socialisation for individuals and regardless of whose perspective you look at it from, Functionalist, Conflict (Marxist), Symbolic Interactionist or Feminist, the institution of Education is mandatory in any and every society if it is to remain in existence.
Conclusion Cont’dWith regards to our topics specifically covered Gender, Intelligence and Labelling as it pertains to education.As a result of there being an elevated level of awareness of these issues here in Trinidad and Tobago we firmly believe that the educational framework in society will continue to evolve with and around, these issues.
References• BECKER H (1963) Outsiders; studies in the sociology of deviance Glencoe, Ill: Free Press HARGREAVES D, HESTAR S and MELLOR F (1975) Deviance in Classrooms London; Routledge and Kegan Paul LEMERT E (1972) Human Deviance, Social Problems and Social Control (2nd edn.) Englewood Cliffs N J; Prentice-Hall ROSENTHAL R and JACOBSON L (1968) Pygmalion in the Classroom New York; Holt, Rinehart and Winston
Sociology• ASSIGNMENT TITLE: Group Project• ASSIGNMENT SUBTITLE: Group Presentation: EDUCATION• COURSE CODE: SOCIOLOGY 102• COURSE TITLE: Introduction to the Study of Society• CRN: 13218 SEMESTER: One (1)• STUDENT NAMES: Mrs. Maryum Samuel-Darmanie #00046543• Ms. Isha Moore #• Ms. Belinda Andrews #00023273• Mr. Adrian R. Charles #00047372• Ms. Erica Felix #• Mr. Renil Ramdeo #• Ms. Chrissie Blue #•