• Like

Loading…

Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

Narrative structures

  • 3,367 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
3,367
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Narrative Structure
    Narrative Structure Theories
    and
  • 2. Vladimir Propp
    Propp (1975), analysed Russian folk-tales, he found that they all shared certain structural properties mainly based around character functions and actions. He reduced characters to eight roles, they are:
    The Villain
    The Donor
    The Helper
    The Princess and her father
    The Dispatcher
    The Hero or Victim
    The False Hero
    Characters can occupy a number of roles or “spheres of action”.
    Propp also had a theory on how the character functions created the structure of every fairy-tale. He outlined a list of thirty-one functions illustrating the development of the plot.
  • 3. Vladimir Propp and “The Shining”
  • 4. TzvetanTodorov
    Todorov’s main ideas focus on how the basic plot is formed and resolved. He suggested that at the beginning of narratives there is an equilibrium in place (opposing forces are in balance). This is then disrupted by an event (disequilibrium), which leads to a chain of events to occur afterwards (path to resolution). This is eventually resolved when a new equilibrium is formed.
    There are twos ways to represent this “classic realist” narrative structure:
    Hero
    The protagonist meets an agent of change which obstructs his usual path and sends him on a quest, which in the end leads to closure.
    Quest
    Closure
    Agent of change
    Pathway to resolution
    Enigma
    Normality is set out at the beginning, then
    Something happens to change this normality.
    There are then ups and downs along the way
    to closure at the end.
    Normality
    Closure
  • 5. TzvetanTodorov and “The Shining”
  • 6. ClaudeLevi-Strauss
    Levi-Strauss considers narrative structure in terms of vertical binary oppositions rather than the horizontal structure. Binary oppositions work on the idea of the audience understanding that there is an opposite idea to every theme e.g. innocence is opposite to corruption. This idea is often played with in horror as innocent children’s toys such as clowns are often portrayed as corrupt; the binary opposition.
  • 7. Claude Levi-Strauss and “The Shining”
  • 8. Bordwell and Thompson
    Bordwell and Thompson define structure in terms of time and space. They suggest that the audience has an innate tendency to link events in terms of time and space to make them coherent. Film makers can play with this idea via flash backs and cutting devises to allow the audience to make these links for themselves.
  • 9. Bordwell and Thompson and “The Shining”