INFORMATION LITERACY<br />Fundamentals of Scientific Process<br />
YOUTUBE science Video<br />Click:<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rq2zNgdokm4<br />
What’s information literacy?<br />
Information Literacy<br />The ability to…<br />FIND information<br />EVALUATE information<br />INCORPORATE information<br ...
Topics to Be Covered<br />Identifying & Selecting Library Databases<br />Popular vs. Scholarly Journals<br />The Meaning o...
Topics<br />Database Search Strategies & Techniques I<br />Selecting Keywords (Search Terms)<br />Using Synonyms / Using a...
Topics<br />Database Search Strategies & Techniques II<br />Boolean Operators: Using AND, OR, NOT<br />Power Search Techni...
Topics<br />Using the NYIT Journal Locator<br />A Journal Citation: Its Parts & Fields<br />Interlibrary Loan: Books & Jou...
Finding & SelectingNYIT Library Databases<br />Start on the Library Home Page<br />
The Library Home Pagehttp://www.nyit.edu/library<br />Click to access 200+ databases<br />Click to access 100,000+ books<b...
Databases A-Z<br />Grouped by subject<br />Alphabetical listing<br />
To Research Science TopicsMultidisciplinary Databases<br />Two databases focusing on science topics:<br />Science Direct<b...
For Search Strategy WorksheetChoose one of these databases:<br />
Popular vs. Scholarly Sources<br />Identifying scholarly sources<br />
Criteria to Apply<br />
Peer-Reviewed Journals<br />A peer-reviewed journal is scholarly<br />
Peer-Reviewed<br />Peer-reviewed = Screened by a panel of subject experts and found to meet stringent criteria of scholars...
Is This Journal Peer-Reviewed?Use Ulrich’s to Find Out<br />Sample title in Ulrich’s<br />Journal is shown to be Scholarly...
Database Search Strategies & Techniques I<br />Keywords, Synonyms, Thesauri, Controlled Vocabulary<br />
Let’s assume you have to write a research paper. You’ve chosen this topic:<br />robotICS<br />Near-future developments  in...
Selecting Search TermsUsing Synonyms / Using a Thesaurus<br />Database search engines look for SEARCH TERMS (keywords).<br...
Controlled Vocabulary / Subject Headings<br /><ul><li> Books and articles are categorized under subject headings.
 This is “controlled vocabulary,” used to group different sources on the same topic TOGETHER under ONE specific term.
 The Library of Congress Subject Headings List is one HUGE controlled vocabulary scheme – a vast attempt to organize virtu...
Database Search Strategies & Techniques II<br />Boolean LogicUsing Parentheses Truncation Phrase Searching Basic vs. Advan...
Boolean Operators:  AND, OR, NOTCombining & relating search terms---------------------------------------------------------...
A Possible Boolean Search <br />------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------...
Basic Search vs. Advanced SearchExample: Academic Search Complete<br />A Basic Search is not necessarily easier and can be...
Basic Search Screen<br />Note Search Delimiters / Criteria (10)<br />
Advanced Search Screen<br />Note (2) additional delimiters / criteria (Total: 12) <br />
Field designators  <br />Truncation<br />      Synonyms + Boolean <br />A possible Advanced Search on the sample topic<br ...
Results (96 “hits” with keywords in titles)<br />
The NYIT Journal LocatorFind link on Library home page<br />Sample question answered by the Journal Locator:  Do you have ...
The NYIT Journal LocatorYou’re looking for Genome, June 2007.<br />Step 1: Launch Locator, enter title you seek, click Sea...
The NYIT Journal LocatorA list of locations appears.<br />A results page appears, locating the full text journal in one or...
The NYIT Journal LocatorAccess the journal and the year you want.<br />The journal record opens.<br />Click open Genome 20...
The NYIT Journal LocatorOpen the specific issue you want.<br />The year expands to list individual issues.<br />Click here...
The NYIT Journal LocatorWith the issue open, find your article – in full text.<br />
Need a Journal the Library Doesn’t Have?<br />Interlibrary Loans<br />3 Complete & Submit<br />1<br />2<br />
DOCUMENTING YOUR SOURCES:<br />Citations & Parenthetical References<br />
Citing Your Sources<br /><ul><li> Your research paper will incorporate ideas, concepts, quotes, etc., taken from your SOUR...
 In other words, you’ll use the thoughts and words of OTHERS in YOUR paper.
 To avoid PLAGIARISM, you must CITE these sources.
 That is, you must credit themwithin your paper with parenthetical references and list them at the end of your paper on a ...
EXAMPLE:Assume you quoted this journal article in your paper. This is how the citation would look:</li></ul>Shackell, J. (...
EXAMPLE:Assume you quoted this journal article in your paper. This is how the citation would look:</li></ul>Shackell, John...
The Parts of an MLA Journal Citation<br />Author<br />Article title / Subtitle<br />Shackell, John M. “Wired for War: The ...
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Fundamentals of Scientific Process

  1. 1. INFORMATION LITERACY<br />Fundamentals of Scientific Process<br />
  2. 2. YOUTUBE science Video<br />Click:<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rq2zNgdokm4<br />
  3. 3. What’s information literacy?<br />
  4. 4. Information Literacy<br />The ability to…<br />FIND information<br />EVALUATE information<br />INCORPORATE information<br />DOCUMENT information<br />
  5. 5. Topics to Be Covered<br />Identifying & Selecting Library Databases<br />Popular vs. Scholarly Journals<br />The Meaning of “Peer-Reviewed”<br />Confirming peer-reviewed status<br />Using Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory (Ulrichsweb)<br />
  6. 6. Topics<br />Database Search Strategies & Techniques I<br />Selecting Keywords (Search Terms)<br />Using Synonyms / Using a Thesaurus<br />Understanding Controlled Vocabulary<br />
  7. 7. Topics<br />Database Search Strategies & Techniques II<br />Boolean Operators: Using AND, OR, NOT<br />Power Search Techniques & Shortcuts<br />Using Parentheses<br />Truncation<br />Phrase Searching<br />Basic Search vs. Advanced Search<br />
  8. 8. Topics<br />Using the NYIT Journal Locator<br />A Journal Citation: Its Parts & Fields<br />Interlibrary Loan: Books & Journal Articles<br />Citing Journal Articles in APA / MLA Style<br />The References Page<br />Listing Your Sources Alphabetically<br />Parenthetical References<br />
  9. 9. Finding & SelectingNYIT Library Databases<br />Start on the Library Home Page<br />
  10. 10. The Library Home Pagehttp://www.nyit.edu/library<br />Click to access 200+ databases<br />Click to access 100,000+ books<br />
  11. 11. Databases A-Z<br />Grouped by subject<br />Alphabetical listing<br />
  12. 12. To Research Science TopicsMultidisciplinary Databases<br />Two databases focusing on science topics:<br />Science Direct<br />Scitation(not listed here)<br />
  13. 13. For Search Strategy WorksheetChoose one of these databases:<br />
  14. 14. Popular vs. Scholarly Sources<br />Identifying scholarly sources<br />
  15. 15. Criteria to Apply<br />
  16. 16. Peer-Reviewed Journals<br />A peer-reviewed journal is scholarly<br />
  17. 17. Peer-Reviewed<br />Peer-reviewed = Screened by a panel of subject experts and found to meet stringent criteria of scholarship. A peer-reviewed journal contains articles that have been carefully evaluated for academic quality and deemed worthy of publication by a select group of subject authorities.<br />Not precisely synonymous, these terms mean roughly the same thing as peer-reviewed:<br />Scholarly / Refereed / Juried<br />
  18. 18. Is This Journal Peer-Reviewed?Use Ulrich’s to Find Out<br />Sample title in Ulrich’s<br />Journal is shown to be Scholarly and Refereed<br />
  19. 19. Database Search Strategies & Techniques I<br />Keywords, Synonyms, Thesauri, Controlled Vocabulary<br />
  20. 20. Let’s assume you have to write a research paper. You’ve chosen this topic:<br />robotICS<br />Near-future developments in…<br />
  21. 21. Selecting Search TermsUsing Synonyms / Using a Thesaurus<br />Database search engines look for SEARCH TERMS (keywords).<br />These should correspond closely to your topic.<br />The better your search terms, the better your search.<br />Entering synonyms can be helpful when searching. A THESAURUS provides synonyms, words that mean the same thing. Look up “robots” to find synonyms that include:robotics, automaton, “mechanical man,” android, cyborgYour search can contain any or all of these terms.<br />
  22. 22. Controlled Vocabulary / Subject Headings<br /><ul><li> Books and articles are categorized under subject headings.
  23. 23. This is “controlled vocabulary,” used to group different sources on the same topic TOGETHER under ONE specific term.
  24. 24. The Library of Congress Subject Headings List is one HUGE controlled vocabulary scheme – a vast attempt to organize virtually all human knowledge into a vast array of subject headings and subheadings.</li></li></ul><li>Using Subject Headings Provided in Databases<br />A keyword search in EBSCO produces this article. Its citation record reveals helpful Subject Terms, headings under which the article has been categorized. Clicking a term leads you to related articles categorized the same way.<br />Click a subject term to find related articles.<br />These can also be a good source of synonymous search terms.<br />
  25. 25. Database Search Strategies & Techniques II<br />Boolean LogicUsing Parentheses Truncation Phrase Searching Basic vs. Advanced Searching <br />
  26. 26. Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOTCombining & relating search terms----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A = Dogs / B = Cats / Blue = Articles Retrieved<br />AND narrows a search.<br />OR broadens a search.<br />NOT narrows a search.<br />Articles discussingDogs OR Cats<br />Articles discussingDogs AND Cats<br />Articles discussingDogs NOT Cats<br />I want articles that discuss both dogs AND cats.<br />I want articles that discuss either dogs OR cats or both dogs and cats.<br />I want articles that discuss dogs but NOT cats, i.e., that discuss dogs only.<br />
  27. 27. A Possible Boolean Search <br />--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <br />TOPIC: Near-future developments in robotics<br />---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------<br />(robotics OR robots OR automatons) AND(developments OR evolution OR progress)<br />OR connects SYNONYMS / AND combines CONCEPTS---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------<br />More:<br />PARENTHESES -- used to group and sequence operations <br />TRUNCATION -- (robot* OR automatons)<br />PHRASE SEARCH -- “developments in robotics” <br />
  28. 28. Basic Search vs. Advanced SearchExample: Academic Search Complete<br />A Basic Search is not necessarily easier and can be very precise – IF you know how to wield Boolean logic and choose your keywords carefully.<br />A Basic Search done badly can be so broad that results are overwhelming in number – with many irrelevant “hits” to wade through.<br />An Advanced Search typically provides many more ways to FILTER your results by different criteria (delimiters).<br />An Advanced Search might well be called a Guided Search. A good advanced search can be easier to do than a good basic search.<br />RECOMMENDED: Choose Advanced Search. <br />
  29. 29. Basic Search Screen<br />Note Search Delimiters / Criteria (10)<br />
  30. 30. Advanced Search Screen<br />Note (2) additional delimiters / criteria (Total: 12) <br />
  31. 31. Field designators <br />Truncation<br /> Synonyms + Boolean <br />A possible Advanced Search on the sample topic<br />Delimiters selected<br />
  32. 32. Results (96 “hits” with keywords in titles)<br />
  33. 33. The NYIT Journal LocatorFind link on Library home page<br />Sample question answered by the Journal Locator: Do you have the journal GENOME, June 2007? <br />Fill in the blank to see IF and WHERE the Library has a specific journal – either electronic/online in a database or in its print collection.<br />
  34. 34. The NYIT Journal LocatorYou’re looking for Genome, June 2007.<br />Step 1: Launch Locator, enter title you seek, click Search.<br />
  35. 35. The NYIT Journal LocatorA list of locations appears.<br />A results page appears, locating the full text journal in one or more Library databases.<br />Let’s click on this database.<br />
  36. 36. The NYIT Journal LocatorAccess the journal and the year you want.<br />The journal record opens.<br />Click open Genome 2007<br />
  37. 37. The NYIT Journal LocatorOpen the specific issue you want.<br />The year expands to list individual issues.<br />Click here <br />
  38. 38. The NYIT Journal LocatorWith the issue open, find your article – in full text.<br />
  39. 39. Need a Journal the Library Doesn’t Have?<br />Interlibrary Loans<br />3 Complete & Submit<br />1<br />2<br />
  40. 40. DOCUMENTING YOUR SOURCES:<br />Citations & Parenthetical References<br />
  41. 41. Citing Your Sources<br /><ul><li> Your research paper will incorporate ideas, concepts, quotes, etc., taken from your SOURCES.
  42. 42. In other words, you’ll use the thoughts and words of OTHERS in YOUR paper.
  43. 43. To avoid PLAGIARISM, you must CITE these sources.
  44. 44. That is, you must credit themwithin your paper with parenthetical references and list them at the end of your paper on a References page.</li></li></ul><li>More on Citations (APA)<br /><ul><li>Each source listed on your References must be properly formatted in APA style.
  45. 45. EXAMPLE:Assume you quoted this journal article in your paper. This is how the citation would look:</li></ul>Shackell, J. (2010). Wired for war: The robotics revolution and conflict in the 21st century [Electronic version]. Air & Space Power Journal, 24(2), 95-96. <br /><ul><li>On your References page, list your sources alphabetically, usually by author’s last name.</li></li></ul><li>More on Citations (MLA)<br /><ul><li>Each source listed on your References must be properly formatted in MLA style.
  46. 46. EXAMPLE:Assume you quoted this journal article in your paper. This is how the citation would look:</li></ul>Shackell, John M. “Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict<br /> in the 21st Century.” Air & Space Power Journal 24.2 (2010): 95-96.ProQuest. Web. 4 Aug. 2010.<br /><ul><li>On your References page, list your sources alphabetically, usually by author’s last name.</li></li></ul><li>The Parts of an APA Journal Citation<br />Author<br />Year of publication<br />Article Title / Subtitle<br />Shackell, J. (2010). Wired for war: The robotics revolution and conflict in the 21st century [Electronic version]. Air & Space Power Journal, 24(2), 95-96. <br />Pages<br />Journal title<br />Volume no. / Issue no.<br />Database search engines can be directed to find search terms in a single part of a citation. In this case, parts are called fields. Example: Searching for “robotics” in article titles only is called a FIELD SEARCH.<br />
  47. 47. The Parts of an MLA Journal Citation<br />Author<br />Article title / Subtitle<br />Shackell, John M. “Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict<br /> in the 21st Century.” Air & Space Power Journal 24.2 (2010): 95-96.ProQuest. Web. 4 Aug. 2010.<br />Volume no.<br />Pages<br />Journal title<br />Issue no.<br />Database / Source / Date accessed<br />Year published<br />Database search engines can be directed to find search terms in a single part of a citation. In this case, parts are called fields. Example: Searching for “robotics” in article titles only is called a FIELD SEARCH.<br />
  48. 48. A Sample References Page – APA Style<br />Sources here are alphabetized by author’s last name.<br />From: The Purdue Online Writing Lab<br />
  49. 49. A Sample References Page – MLA Style<br />Sources here are alphabetized by author’s last name.<br />From: The Purdue Online Writing Lab<br />
  50. 50. Apt Quote<br />The longest journey begins with a single step. – Lao Tzu<br />

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