Search the Library Catalog<br />To find books on IMMIGRATION,carefullyselect search terms(keywords)<br />Besides “immigration,” how can you find other search terms or phrases to use?<br />keywords<br />
Keywords<br />immigration<br /><ul><li>Natural language words describing a topic
Often many irrelevant results</li></li></ul><li>Subject Headings<br /><ul><li>Definition: Pre-defined "controlled vocabulary" words assigned to describe the content of each item in a database or catalog
Example: The Library of Congress Subject Headings used in the online catalog</li></li></ul><li>More on Subject Headings<br /><ul><li>Drawback:Less flexible. You must know exact controlled vocabulary term or phrase
Process: Databases look for subjects only in subject heading or descriptor field, where the most relevant words appear
Advantage: Results usually highly relevant to topic</li></li></ul><li>To Find Controlled Vocabulary for IMMIGRATIONSearch the Online Catalog<br />
Gale Virtual Reference Library</li></li></ul><li>Want to find journal articles?<br />How do you do that?<br />First, understand how to combine search terms using logical connectors called Boolean operators:<br />and…or…not<br />
Boolean Search Logic: OR<br /><ul><li>Want info on cats and dogs? Use the Boolean OR operator to find sources discussing cats, dogs, and both cats and dogs.
Example: Adolescents 97 hits, Teenagers 75 hits, Adolescents OR Teenagers 172 hits.</li></li></ul><li>Boolean Search Logic: AND<br /><ul><li>If you want only information that discusses bothcats and dogs, use the AND operator.
Example: Television 999 hits, Violence 876 hits, Television AND Violence 123 hits.</li></li></ul><li>Boolean Search Logic: NOT<br /><ul><li>You want information about cats, but notinformation about dogs.
Example: High school 423 hits, Elementary 652 hits, High school NOT Elementary 275 hits.</li></li></ul><li>Let’s say you want scholarly journal articles about assimilation of people from Asia in the United States…<br /><ul><li>Select “ProQuest Central” from the “Databases A-Z” list
Use Advanced Search to enter your search query
Limit by full-text articles and by scholarly journals</li></li></ul><li>Use the Advanced Search screen & limit search to full text & scholarly<br />
263 scholarly, full text journal articles are retrieved<br />
Now that you have done some preliminary research, state your topic in the form of a question…<br /><ul><li>Example: How does the process of assimilation for Asian Americans and Hispanic Americans compare?</li></li></ul><li>Citing Your Sources<br /><ul><li> Your research paper will incorporate ideas, concepts, quotes, etc., taken from your SOURCES.
In other words, you’ll use the thoughts of OTHERS in YOUR paper.
To avoid PLAGIARISM, you must CITE these sources. That is, you must credit themwith in-text footnotes and list themat the end of your paper on a References page.
Your in-text footnotes will likely take the form of parenthetical references.</li></li></ul><li>More on Citations<br /><ul><li> Each References page source listing must be properly formatted according to MLA style.
EXAMPLE (assume you quoted this source, a book, in your paper):</li></ul>King, Samuel P., and Randall W. Roth. Broken Trust: Greed, Mismanagement, and Political Manipulation at America‘s Largest Charitable Trust. Honolulu: U of Hawaii P, 2006. Print. <br /><ul><li> On your References page, list your sources (works cited) alphabetically, usually by author’s last name.</li></li></ul><li>Help with Citations<br />The NYIT Library provides and/or links to these BIBLIOGRAPHY GENERATOR tools. These are fill-in-the-blank solutions:<br /><ul><li>RefWorks(Very robust! Link provided on Library home page.)
KnightCite(“Citing Sources” link, Library home page)
Landmarks Citation Machine(“Citing Sources” link, Library home page)</li></ul>Find many more helpful citation tools by clicking the “Citing Sources” link on the Library home page.<br />
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