FIRST EMPLOYMENT LOCATION AND
RESIDENTIAL LOCATION DECISIONS OF
        TU DELFT GRADUATES




              Nicolò Wojewo...
MY MOTIVATION BEHIND THIS STUDY




OUR LIVES’ BIGGEST DECISIONS:
  WHAT
  WHO
  WHERE
MY GOAL TODAY




GUIDE YOU THROUGH:
  RESEARCH CONTEXT
  THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
  EMPIRICAL STUDY
  CONCLUSION


HIGHLIGH...
RESEARCH CONTEXT
RESEARCH CONTEXT
              THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY



                                     “CREATION,
                  ...
RESEARCH CONTEXT
                     UNIVERSITIES




MULTIPLE ROLES:
  PRODUCTION OF NEW KNOWLEDGE
  FORMATION OF KNOWLE...
RESEARCH CONTEXT
                     UNIVERSITIES




MULTIPLE ROLES:
  PRODUCTION OF NEW KNOWLEDGE
  FORMATION OF KNOWLE...
RESEARCH CONTEXT
DELFT AND HAAGLANDEN


            DELFT
              DELFT KENNISSTAD (TU
              DELFT, TNO, TEC...
RESEARCH CONTEXT
                      MAIN ISSUE



IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS’ MOBILITY
ON ECONOMY
IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE ...
RESEARCH CONTEXT
                      MAIN ISSUE



IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS’ MOBILITY
ON ECONOMY
IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE ...
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
               EXISTING THEORIES AND MODELS


RESEARCH THEMES:
  LOCATION DECISIONS
  RELOCATION
  ...
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
EMPIRICAL STUDY
EMPIRICAL STUDY
                         SURVEY




TARGET POPULATION:
 TU DELFT GRADUATES
  OF 2002 AND 2007 (M.Sc.)
 LIV...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
WHERE DO THEY GO? (1)




                        BEFORE...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
    WHERE DO THEY GO? (2)




...AFTER (LIVE)             ...AFTER (WORK)
EMPIRICAL STUDY
               WHERE DO THEY GO? (3)


Delft         Elsewhere     Total
21 (16.9%)    103 (83.1%)   124 (...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
               WHERE DO THEY GO? (4)


Delft         Elsewhere    Total
39 (30.5%)    89 (69.5%)   128 (10...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
                WHERE DO THEY GO? (5)


                    Living       Working
Delft          39 (30.5%)...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
FACTORS AFFECTING LOCATION DECISION (TOP)



        very important or fundamental (%, approx.)

         ...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
FACTORS AFFECTING LOCATION DECISION (BOTTOM)



          very important or fundamental (%, approx.)

    ...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
  IMPORTANCE vs. SATISFACTION IN DELFT (1)



             very important or fundamental (%)
             ...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
  IMPORTANCE vs. SATISFACTION IN DELFT (1)



             very important or fundamental (%)
             ...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
  IMPORTANCE vs. SATISFACTION IN DELFT (2)



            very important or fundamental (%)
            mo...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
  IMPORTANCE vs. SATISFACTION IN DELFT (2)



            very important or fundamental (%)
            mo...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
               PROFILES OF MOVERS AND STAYERS



LIVING IN DELFT:
HARD TO TELL



WORKING IN DELFT:
   HIG...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
  DECISION-MAKING PROCESS/CONTEXT (1)



                       TIME ORDER



           first job, then h...
EMPIRICAL STUDY
     DECISION-MAKING PROCESS/CONTEXT (2)



                    INPUT IN DECISION


           family     ...
CONCLUSION
CONCLUSION
                SUMMARY OF RESULTS (1)




WHERE?
  ALMOST ALL IN RANDSTAD (>80%)
  SOUTHERN RANDSTAD MORE
  AT...
CONCLUSION
       SUMMARY OF RESULTS (2)




                  WHY?
                     JOB AND CAREER
                  ...
CONCLUSION
                   POLICY IMPLICATIONS


DELFT
  FAILURE TO RETAIN GRADUATES
  STRUCTURAL LIMITS
  IMPROVEMENTS...
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
QUESTIONS?
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First employment location and residential location decisions of TU Delft graduates

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Presentation of my Engineering & Policy Analysis M.Sc. graduation project.

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First employment location and residential location decisions of TU Delft graduates

  1. 1. FIRST EMPLOYMENT LOCATION AND RESIDENTIAL LOCATION DECISIONS OF TU DELFT GRADUATES Nicolò Wojewoda M.Sc. in Engineering & Policy Analysis Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management TU Delft
  2. 2. MY MOTIVATION BEHIND THIS STUDY OUR LIVES’ BIGGEST DECISIONS: WHAT WHO WHERE
  3. 3. MY GOAL TODAY GUIDE YOU THROUGH: RESEARCH CONTEXT THEORETICAL BACKGROUND EMPIRICAL STUDY CONCLUSION HIGHLIGHT THE CONTENT, WITHOUT OVERLOOKING THE PROCESS
  4. 4. RESEARCH CONTEXT
  5. 5. RESEARCH CONTEXT THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY “CREATION, ACQUISITION, CONSUMPTION AND DIFFUSION OF KNOWLEDGE” World Bank, 1998 WORLDWIDE INSTITUTIONS (OECD, WORLD BANK, ...) GOVERNMENTS (EU, NETHERLANDS, ...) RESEARCHERS (RASPE,VAN OORT, FLORIDA, ...)
  6. 6. RESEARCH CONTEXT UNIVERSITIES MULTIPLE ROLES: PRODUCTION OF NEW KNOWLEDGE FORMATION OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER KNOWLEDGE VALORISATION REGIONAL INNOVATION START-UP INCUBATORS ...
  7. 7. RESEARCH CONTEXT UNIVERSITIES MULTIPLE ROLES: PRODUCTION OF NEW KNOWLEDGE FORMATION OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER KNOWLEDGE VALORISATION REGIONAL INNOVATION START-UP INCUBATORS ...
  8. 8. RESEARCH CONTEXT DELFT AND HAAGLANDEN DELFT DELFT KENNISSTAD (TU DELFT, TNO, TECHNOPOLIS, ...) HAAGLANDEN: 9 MUNICIPALITIES (ALSO DELFT) COHESIVE HOUSING AND LABOUR MARKETS “TECHNOLOGISCH INNOVATIEF COMPLEX DELFT” Stadgewest Haaglanden, 2008
  9. 9. RESEARCH CONTEXT MAIN ISSUE IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS’ MOBILITY ON ECONOMY IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS’ MOBILITY ON SOCIAL STRUCTURES, ... RELEVANCE TO POLICY OBJECTIVES OF LOCAL STAKEHOLDERS
  10. 10. RESEARCH CONTEXT MAIN ISSUE IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS’ MOBILITY ON ECONOMY IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS’ MOBILITY ON SOCIAL STRUCTURES, ... RELEVANCE TO POLICY OBJECTIVES OF LOCAL STAKEHOLDERS WHERE DO THEY GO? WHY DO THEY DO IT? HOW DO THEY DO IT?
  11. 11. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
  12. 12. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND EXISTING THEORIES AND MODELS RESEARCH THEMES: LOCATION DECISIONS RELOCATION MOBILITY ASSOCIATED CONCEPTS: MIGRATION UTILITY GRADUATE RETENTION ABSTRACT NEEDS ... INDIVIDUAL DECISIONS PULL-PUSH PATHS AND PATTERNS ...
  13. 13. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH
  14. 14. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
  15. 15. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
  16. 16. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
  17. 17. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
  18. 18. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND A NEW CONCEPTUAL APPROACH (detailed)
  19. 19. EMPIRICAL STUDY
  20. 20. EMPIRICAL STUDY SURVEY TARGET POPULATION: TU DELFT GRADUATES OF 2002 AND 2007 (M.Sc.) LIVING IN THE NETHERLANDS POPULATION SIZE: 1109 # RESPONDENTS: 142
  21. 21. EMPIRICAL STUDY WHERE DO THEY GO? (1) BEFORE...
  22. 22. EMPIRICAL STUDY WHERE DO THEY GO? (2) ...AFTER (LIVE) ...AFTER (WORK)
  23. 23. EMPIRICAL STUDY WHERE DO THEY GO? (3) Delft Elsewhere Total 21 (16.9%) 103 (83.1%) 124 (100%) Haaglanden Elsewhere Total 36 (29.0%) 88 (71.0%) 124 (100%) South-Holland Elsewhere Total 66 (53.2%) 58 (46.8%) 124 (100%) Randstad Elsewhere Total 101 (81.5%) 23 (18.5%) 124 (100%) FIRST EMPLOYMENT LOCATIONS
  24. 24. EMPIRICAL STUDY WHERE DO THEY GO? (4) Delft Elsewhere Total 39 (30.5%) 89 (69.5%) 128 (100%) Haaglanden Elsewhere Total 59 (46.1%) 69 (53.9%) 128 (100%) South-Holland Elsewhere Total 86 (67.2%) 42 (32.8%) 128 (100%) Randstad Elsewhere Total 108 (84.4%) 20 (15.6%) 128 (100%) RESIDENTIAL LOCATIONS
  25. 25. EMPIRICAL STUDY WHERE DO THEY GO? (5) Living Working Delft 39 (30.5%) 21 (16.9%) Den Haag 17 (13.3%) 9 (7.3%) Rotterdam 14 (10.9%) 13 (10.5%) Amsterdam 10 (7.8%) 19 (15.3%) Utrecht 3 (2.3%) 5 (4.0%) Other cities 45 (35.2%) 57 (46%) TOTAL 128 (100%) 124 (100%) MAJOR CITIES
  26. 26. EMPIRICAL STUDY FACTORS AFFECTING LOCATION DECISION (TOP) very important or fundamental (%, approx.) interesting/challenging job 82 opportunity for career development 73 closeness to partner 50 housing opportunities 44 closeness to friends 44 commuting experience to work/study 42
  27. 27. EMPIRICAL STUDY FACTORS AFFECTING LOCATION DECISION (BOTTOM) very important or fundamental (%, approx.) job benefits 20 cultural attractions 17 proximity to other important employers 15 physical setting 13 job for spouse/partner 12 opportunity to raise a family 11
  28. 28. EMPIRICAL STUDY IMPORTANCE vs. SATISFACTION IN DELFT (1) very important or fundamental (%) moderately satisfied or very satisfied (%) interesting/challenging job opportunity for career development flexible job or working hours starting salary 0 .5 .0 .5 .0 22 45 67 90 %
  29. 29. EMPIRICAL STUDY IMPORTANCE vs. SATISFACTION IN DELFT (1) very important or fundamental (%) moderately satisfied or very satisfied (%) interesting/challenging job opportunity for career development flexible job or working hours starting salary 0 .5 .0 .5 .0 22 45 67 90 %
  30. 30. EMPIRICAL STUDY IMPORTANCE vs. SATISFACTION IN DELFT (2) very important or fundamental (%) moderately satisfied or very satisfied (%) closeness to partner housing opportunities closeness to friends commuting experience to work/study 0 .5 .0 .5 .0 22 45 67 90 %
  31. 31. EMPIRICAL STUDY IMPORTANCE vs. SATISFACTION IN DELFT (2) very important or fundamental (%) moderately satisfied or very satisfied (%) closeness to partner housing opportunities closeness to friends commuting experience to work/study 0 .5 .0 .5 .0 22 45 67 90 %
  32. 32. EMPIRICAL STUDY PROFILES OF MOVERS AND STAYERS LIVING IN DELFT: HARD TO TELL WORKING IN DELFT: HIGHER THESIS GRADE FEMALE LIVED IN DELFT BEFORE SINGLE 2007 COHORT BUT LOW SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS
  33. 33. EMPIRICAL STUDY DECISION-MAKING PROCESS/CONTEXT (1) TIME ORDER first job, then housing 78 first housing, then job 31 housing and job at the same time 30
  34. 34. EMPIRICAL STUDY DECISION-MAKING PROCESS/CONTEXT (2) INPUT IN DECISION family 48 friends 70 partner 71 children 1 classmates 18 professor/faculty 18 media 5
  35. 35. CONCLUSION
  36. 36. CONCLUSION SUMMARY OF RESULTS (1) WHERE? ALMOST ALL IN RANDSTAD (>80%) SOUTHERN RANDSTAD MORE ATTRACTIVE FOR LIVING NORTHERN RANDSTAD MORE ATTRACTIVE FOR WORKING MOST MOVE AWAY FROM DELFT (~70-85%) HAAGLANDEN: LESS THAN 1/3 WORK THERE AND LESS THAN 1/2 LIVE THERE
  37. 37. CONCLUSION SUMMARY OF RESULTS (2) WHY? JOB AND CAREER PARTNER AND FRIENDS HOUSING COMMUTING HOW? FIRST JOB, THEN HOUSING INPUT OF PEOPLE CLOSE TO THEM
  38. 38. CONCLUSION POLICY IMPLICATIONS DELFT FAILURE TO RETAIN GRADUATES STRUCTURAL LIMITS IMPROVEMENTS NEEDED ON JOBS (APPEAL, PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT) IMPROVEMENTS NEEDED IN DELFT (HOUSING) HAAGLANDEN LIMITED POLICY LEVERAGE PARTIAL FAILURE TO ATTRACT GRADUATES LESS STRUCTURAL LIMITS MORE POLICY LEVERAGE
  39. 39. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
  40. 40. QUESTIONS?

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