Bibliography in a Digital Age  Report of the Satellite Meeting  Warsaw, 9th August 2012Neil WilsonInformation CoordinatorI...
National Bibliographies in the Digital Age:               Guidance & New Directions (2009)“The changes brought aboutby the...
National Bibliographies in the Digital Age                                    2010-“Considering that theenvironment is evo...
Warsaw Meeting                    PurposeTo share:• Experiences• Techniques• Challenges…& begin to identify new themes & b...
Bibliography in the Digital Age                         Guidelines & Examples•   Neil Wilson: Guidelines for the future: s...
National Bibliographies Around the                 World Handling Online Materials                        Practices, Chall...
For Those Who Couldn’t Be There…      Presentations are now available from:www.bn.org.pl/ifla-2012/presentations-and-video...
Outcomes                          Emerging Themes•   A need for pragmatic selection policies•   Open services to wider use...
Evolving Data Requirements                                                           Evolving Market Requirement    Nation...
Bibliographic Metadata                       More Than Physical Description…•   Metadata can record    multiple properties...
Pragmatism & SelectionNo universal solution exists & nationalvariation exists between:• Coverage of print, digital and mul...
Pragmatism & SelectionBut agreement that:  • We can’t be exhaustive but we can be representative  • Should balance effort ...
Changing Environment                    Who Are Our Users?Library users were oncelone researchers butmay now include: • Co...
What Do They Need?New user types require greater flexibility in: • Support skills (e.g. IT, legal, library) • Access optio...
Open…‘Open’ is becoming thenorm via:• Open licensing models• Open access routes                                        Fre...
Growth Areas 1•   Automated data    creation - and    enhancement•   Web harvesting –    selection/domain/event•   Large s...
Growth Areas 2•   Growth in the use of    ontologies and    controlled vocabularies•   Semantic approaches    – from ‘tags...
Guidance?    In such an era of    disruptive change    libraries need open    access to best    practice on:•   Service de...
2012 Guidelines Proposal•   Create a new web    resource describing best    practice•   Organise by theme•   Provide links...
Proposed Themes 1                                  Context    The Value of    National    Bibliographies•   The mission of...
Proposed Themes 2                           Organisation & AdministrationOrganisation•   Responsibilities of a national   ...
Proposed Themes 3                          Scope, Selection & StandardsScoping & Selection•   General selection criteria• ...
Proposed Themes 4                                    DeliveryService Delivery•   Global context of national    services•  ...
TimelineAt IFLA 2012 SC meetings:•   Discussed Conference outcomes•   Agreed methodologyAutumn 2012 – Summer  2013•   Allo...
New Best Practice Guidelines                     How Can You Help?•   Web site: http://www.ifla.org/en/bibliography•   Blo...
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Presentation on the Warsaw Conference on National Bibliographies August 2012

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An up date on the conference held at the National Library of Poland in August 2012 on the challenges facing national bibliographic services in the digital age. The presentation was made at the IFLA WLIC Conference as part of the IFLA Bibliography Standing Committee section of the conference.

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Presentation on the Warsaw Conference on National Bibliographies August 2012

  1. 1. Bibliography in a Digital Age Report of the Satellite Meeting Warsaw, 9th August 2012Neil WilsonInformation CoordinatorIFLA Bibliography Section 1
  2. 2. National Bibliographies in the Digital Age: Guidance & New Directions (2009)“The changes brought aboutby the World Wide Web & theexplosion of electronic mediahave called into questionmany of the assumptions onwhich national bibliographieshave been founded…” 2
  3. 3. National Bibliographies in the Digital Age 2010-“Considering that theenvironment is evolving fast,this document is expected to berevised periodically … to reflectthe changes “Libraries now require a moreflexible, open, & dynamicsolution than traditionalprinted text 3
  4. 4. Warsaw Meeting PurposeTo share:• Experiences• Techniques• Challenges…& begin to identify new themes & best practice 4
  5. 5. Bibliography in the Digital Age Guidelines & Examples• Neil Wilson: Guidelines for the future: sharing best practice for national bibliographies in the digital era• Aniko Dudás: Who are the users and what are their expectations?• Marcin Roszkowski: Integration of Polish National Bibliography within repository platform for science and humanities 5
  6. 6. National Bibliographies Around the World Handling Online Materials Practices, Challenges & Plans• Karin Kleiber: Online materials published in Austria - collecting, archiving and metadata• Tuula Haapamäki and Sinikka Luukkanen: Cataloguing Policy in the National Library of Finland - strategies and practices for the metadata of digital resources• Pat Riva: National Bibliography in Canada: Two national bibliographic agencies, two approaches• Anke Meyer: The management of a digital national bibliography at the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek• Hanne Hørl Hansen: Online materials in The Danish National Bibliography 6
  7. 7. For Those Who Couldn’t Be There… Presentations are now available from:www.bn.org.pl/ifla-2012/presentations-and-videos 7
  8. 8. Outcomes Emerging Themes• A need for pragmatic selection policies• Open services to wider user groups• Acquisition & application of new skills• Linking & use of persistent identifiers• Definition of ‘published’ digital material• Targeted metadata transformation & crosswalks• Requirement for multiple forms of metadata 8
  9. 9. Evolving Data Requirements Evolving Market Requirement National  Printed works + e-books, chapters, articles etc. Bibliographic  Multimedia (video, audio, software games etc.) Depth of description Agencies:  Additional content (contents, reviews, book jacket images etc.) Operate in a global Traditional Library market Coverage  Core descriptive Create & supply information  Authors, titles, ISBN, metadata for a subjects etc.  Printed books, serials wider range of etc. resources than ever Range of resources requiring description before 9 9
  10. 10. Bibliographic Metadata More Than Physical Description…• Metadata can record multiple properties:  Licensing terms & conditions  Technical & preservation data  Structural information• To support:  Collection management  Discovery  Access to content 10
  11. 11. Pragmatism & SelectionNo universal solution exists & nationalvariation exists between:• Coverage of print, digital and multimedia• Breadth & depth of descriptions applied• Definition & treatment of materials 11
  12. 12. Pragmatism & SelectionBut agreement that: • We can’t be exhaustive but we can be representative • Should balance effort in creation of quality description & access points • ‘Minimal’ must still be accurate • Must be selective in harvesting & enhancement techniques • Advance (e.g. CIP) data is still valued 12
  13. 13. Changing Environment Who Are Our Users?Library users were oncelone researchers butmay now include: • Collaborative Learners • Developers • Machines
  14. 14. What Do They Need?New user types require greater flexibility in: • Support skills (e.g. IT, legal, library) • Access options including connection to content • Output formats & standards • Personalisation of data and services But all value consistency, authority & persistence of services offered… 14
  15. 15. Open…‘Open’ is becoming thenorm via:• Open licensing models• Open access routes Free• Open standards OfferingCharging is a ‘MARC’ or‘premium service‘ issueIncreasing data re-userequires proactive licensing 15
  16. 16. Growth Areas 1• Automated data creation - and enhancement• Web harvesting – selection/domain/event• Large scale processing of e-publications – via new workflows 16
  17. 17. Growth Areas 2• Growth in the use of ontologies and controlled vocabularies• Semantic approaches – from ‘tags to triples’• Development and maintenance of persistent links & IDs• Linking - to and from resources 17
  18. 18. Guidance? In such an era of disruptive change libraries need open access to best practice on:• Service delivery & lifecycle• Resource description & standards• Business models & administration And much more… 18
  19. 19. 2012 Guidelines Proposal• Create a new web resource describing best practice• Organise by theme• Provide links to back up sources to ensure continuing relevance & currency• Supplement with real world examples when possible 19
  20. 20. Proposed Themes 1 Context The Value of National Bibliographies• The mission of the national bibliography• Users & stakeholders• International recommendations• The changing operational context 20
  21. 21. Proposed Themes 2 Organisation & AdministrationOrganisation• Responsibilities of a national bibliographic agency• Legal deposit legislation• National bibliographic control• Cooperative options for data creationAdministration• Resource issues & business models• Measuring the effectiveness of the national bibliography• Service lifecycle• Intellectual property & rights issues 21
  22. 22. Proposed Themes 3 Scope, Selection & StandardsScoping & Selection• General selection criteria• Resource format• Exclusions policiesResource Description & Standards• Bibliographic control principles & content standards• Identifiers• Metadata formats• Character encoding standards• Semantic web standards 22
  23. 23. Proposed Themes 4 DeliveryService Delivery• Global context of national services• Common requirements e.g. currency• Management & dissemination of changes to metadata• Delivery options e.g. online, linked data, PDF etc• User support 23
  24. 24. TimelineAt IFLA 2012 SC meetings:• Discussed Conference outcomes• Agreed methodologyAutumn 2012 – Summer 2013• Allocate work for sections & invite expert contributions• Create site structure & begin to populate sample sections• Create initial text with links• Offer sample pages for feedback 24
  25. 25. New Best Practice Guidelines How Can You Help?• Web site: http://www.ifla.org/en/bibliography• Blog: http://blogs.ifla.org/bibliography/ 25 Images from

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