Session for YWCA HODs   Venue: YWCA, Mumbai Central         On 22 Jan, 2012               By       Dr. Nicholas CorreaDire...
What is Stress?
We generally use the word "stress" whenwe feel that everything seems to havebecome too much - we are overloadedand wonder ...
Stress is a feeling that’screated when we react toparticular events.We generally use the word"stress" when we feel thateve...
Stress is often termed as a twentieth centurysyndrome, born out of mans race towards modernprogress and its ensuing comple...
Physical symptoms of severe stress                  Psychological Effects of stress1.Headaches, dizziness, neck ache, back...
Which Is Your Leading Cause of Stress?1. FinancesMost studies agree that finances are a leading cause ofstress.Because of ...
2.Career and WorkplaceClosely tied to finances as a cause of stress is work.Our jobs or careers seem to cause constant str...
3. FamilyFamily, wonderful though each member may be, is also aleading cause of stress.Arguments erupt with a spouse or ot...
4. Personal ConcernsPersonal concerns that are only indirectly created by others areanother top cause of stress.Lack of co...
5. Personal Health and SafetyMost people find that personal health is a leading cause ofstress.Illness or injury, whether ...
6. Personal RelationshipsWhether it is a friendship, dating, separation, marriage,divorce, or re-marriage, a relationship ...
7.Local PoliticsLocal politicians have typical way ofcreating issues or treating theNGOs and educational institutions.
7. DeathProbably the most wrenching cause of stress isthe death of a loved one or close friend.Even the death of a pet can...
8.Win or LoseCauses of stress change as we age. The stressed child whothrew tantrums becomes a young student, stressed by ...
Incorrect & Wrong Ways of handling Stress
The Three Eye Theory of Stress ManagementWe see the world with two eyes but an inner eyeprocesses the input. I call the in...
Weird isn’t it! If the brain flips a simple objectaround what does it do to more complex objects?Changing perception begin...
If you look at these and they are not moving, that meansyou are relaxed.If you look at these and they are moving slowly or...
Labyrinth:Once you are in the labyrinth, there is only one way in andthat way is the same way out. You will follow twists ...
Stress management
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Stress management
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Stress management

  1. 1. Session for YWCA HODs Venue: YWCA, Mumbai Central On 22 Jan, 2012 By Dr. Nicholas CorreaDirector, New Horizon Scholars School
  2. 2. What is Stress?
  3. 3. We generally use the word "stress" whenwe feel that everything seems to havebecome too much - we are overloadedand wonder whether we really can copewith the pressures placed upon us.
  4. 4. Stress is a feeling that’screated when we react toparticular events.We generally use the word"stress" when we feel thateverything seems to havebecome too much - we areoverloaded and wonderwhether we really can copewith the pressures placedupon us.Anything that poses achallenge or a threat to ourwell being is a stress.
  5. 5. Stress is often termed as a twentieth centurysyndrome, born out of mans race towards modernprogress and its ensuing complexities. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN –The term "stress", as it is currently used wascoined by Hans Selye in 1936.He defined it as "the non-specific response of thebody to any demand for change".The events that provoke stress are calledstressors.The human body responds to stressors byactivating the nervous system and specifichormones.
  6. 6. Physical symptoms of severe stress Psychological Effects of stress1.Headaches, dizziness, neck ache, back pain, 1.Anxiety and nervousness,2. High blood pressure, chest pain, 2. Insomnia, nightmares, bad dreams, 3. Difficulty in concentrating,palpitations, 4. Difficulty in decision making,3. Heart Disease, Beware of the heart attack 6. Feeling of loneliness and worthlessness.symptoms!4. Frequent colds, infections,5. Rashes, itches, hives,6. Fatigue and constant tiredness,7. Frequent stomach pain and heart burn.Behavioral Signs of Stress Emotional Symptoms1. Social withdrawal and isolation, 1.Loss of confidence2. Increase in alcohol consumption, smoking or 2.More fussytaking drugs, 3.Irritablility3. Excessive gambling, 4.Anger bouts4. Excessive activities like exercise and buying, 5.Depressions5. Loss of interest in appearance, 6.Apathy6. Neglect of punctuality, 7.Alienation7. Not taking interest in work, not feeling 8.Apprehensionmotivated to do anything.8. Not sharing thoughts with others, anddecrease in social interaction.
  7. 7. Which Is Your Leading Cause of Stress?1. FinancesMost studies agree that finances are a leading cause ofstress.Because of major purchases one has to make, such as ahouse, car, etc.Others are stressed by a loss of income.For some, financial stress will eventuate in bankruptcy.Senior citizens find that retirement income can be amajor cause of stress.
  8. 8. 2.Career and WorkplaceClosely tied to finances as a cause of stress is work.Our jobs or careers seem to cause constant stress.How is the workplace a cause of stress?We worry about getting and keeping good employment or getpromotion.We worry about new types of work or new responsibilities.We struggle to climb a career ladder, overwhelmed by thedemands.Work conditions may change, or we may have interpersonaltrouble at work.Job insecurityBad bossLatest Technology
  9. 9. 3. FamilyFamily, wonderful though each member may be, is also aleading cause of stress.Arguments erupt with a spouse or other family member.Parents divorce. Daughter’s marriage. The ebb and flow offamily life is filled with stress. A child moves out - an agingparent moves in.Family health is also a leading cause of stress. A sick familymember, a serious injury, pregnancy, miscarriage, orabortion all cause stress.Family changes of other kinds bring stress, too. Adoption,relocation, and job changes for just one family membercan cause stress for all.
  10. 10. 4. Personal ConcernsPersonal concerns that are only indirectly created by others areanother top cause of stress.Lack of control tops the list of personal concerns. Every human has adeep-seated desire for control over his or her own life.When control is weak or missing in a given area, we experiencestress.To many people, a lack of control over their own time is a leadingcause of stress.We want to determine when we do tasks around the home, or atwork.Holding a job, participating in the childrens carpool to school,shopping, and scout meetings while trying to keep the householdrunning can create major stress.You would like to control your time, rather than let others demandscontrol it, but that is not always possible.
  11. 11. 5. Personal Health and SafetyMost people find that personal health is a leading cause ofstress.Illness or injury, whether less or more serious, can be a leadingcause of stress for many people. Incontinence can be anongoing concern.Personal health is more or less stressful according to the degreeof seriousness and our personal outlook on health.Personal safety is also a leading cause of stress.Women, more than men, tend to stress about their own andothers safety. Adults tend to stress more than young people,who may act invincible. Crime is a factor, as is
  12. 12. 6. Personal RelationshipsWhether it is a friendship, dating, separation, marriage,divorce, or re-marriage, a relationship can be a leading causeof stress for many.We all want love, and that is potentially available inrelationships, but getting from A to B can be very stressful.Some resort to online relationships that are easier to handle.Others withdraw and become recluses.Either way, the demands on time, finances, and emotions cancause ongoing stress.
  13. 13. 7.Local PoliticsLocal politicians have typical way ofcreating issues or treating theNGOs and educational institutions.
  14. 14. 7. DeathProbably the most wrenching cause of stress isthe death of a loved one or close friend.Even the death of a pet can be stressful. Childrenare always a source of stress for parents, butwhen a child dies, the stress is overwhelming.The same is true when a lifetime spouse passeson.
  15. 15. 8.Win or LoseCauses of stress change as we age. The stressed child whothrew tantrums becomes a young student, stressed by theschool bully.The young student becomes a teenager, stressed by acne,hormones, and dating. The teenager becomes a youngadult trying to handle the stresses of leaving home,adjusting to college life, and managing finances.Life progresses to first jobs, marriage, children, and so on.Even if you move to a secluded cabin in the woods, stresswill follow you.
  16. 16. Incorrect & Wrong Ways of handling Stress
  17. 17. The Three Eye Theory of Stress ManagementWe see the world with two eyes but an inner eyeprocesses the input. I call the inner eye perception.It is not surprising that two people gazing at a large seaswell can see it in quite different ways. One sees theswell as excellent for surfing while the other sees it as adanger to be avoided at all costs.This perception-variance is not produced by the two eyesin the front of the head but by the inner eye ofperception. Information passing through our eyes isfiltered by the brain.If you would like to get a real feel for how the brainprocesses information that flows through the eyes look atthe object below. This object, called a Necker Cube, willinvoluntarily change from time to time as you study it.
  18. 18. Weird isn’t it! If the brain flips a simple objectaround what does it do to more complex objects?Changing perception begins when you ask yourselfthis question:“Is there another way of looking at this?“If you find it difficult to get a new perspective thenask others what they think – what they are seeing.Knowledge gained in this way will certainly give yousome different views.Effective personal stress management alwaysinvolves the third eye of perception.So take a daily hassle and get a new perspectiveon it and see if you can make it irrelevant.
  19. 19. If you look at these and they are not moving, that meansyou are relaxed.If you look at these and they are moving slowly or evenmoderately, you are a little bit stressed.If you look at these and they are moving fast, it meansthat you are seriously feeling the stress. Take a chill pillimmediately.The really crazy part is that when I relaxed and took along deep breath, they stopped moving. When I purposely thought about something stressful, theystarted moving fast.Once again it goes to show how powerful our brain is, andhow what you are seeing with your eyes may not be whatthe person next to you sees.
  20. 20. Labyrinth:Once you are in the labyrinth, there is only one way in andthat way is the same way out. You will follow twists andturns, but you never have to vary from your path, it is onelong continuous path to the centre of the labyrinth.
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