ACTIVITY: Brainstorm a list of benefits of well-planned lessons and pitfalls of poorly planned lessons
Example: division problem (visual) compare divide multiply subtract compare bring down Compare this to the directions for making a model airplane (marketers have it right)
Teachers make 1500 decisions a day… this is where it begins Previous teacher comments and test data Cum folders Classroom observation
Who is an effective Teacher Session By Dr. Nicholas CorreaDirector, New Horizon Scholars School
While planning the curriculum or lessonsa teacher must realize or ask or seekanswers of the following questions.Who is a teacher?What is education?What is teaching?What is learning?What is evaluation?
Is the answer to the above citedquestions curriculum?Let us know the opinion and views ofsome great learned people.
A teacher who is attempting to teach without inspiring the pupil with a desire to learn is hammering on a cold iron. Horace Man
"Every truth has four corners:as a teacher I give you one corner,and it is for you to find the other three." –Confucius
A very wise old teacher once said:"I consider a days teaching wasted if we donot all have one hearty laugh."He meant that when people laugh together,they cease to be young and old, teacher andpupils, jailer and prisoners. They become asingle group of human beings enjoying itsexistence. -- Gilbert Highet
"If a seed of a lettuce does not grow,we cannot blame the lettuce. Instead,the fault lies with us for not havingnourished the seed properly." Buddhist proverb
“Watch your thoughts, they becomewords.Watch your words, they become youractions.Watch your actions, they becomehabits.Watch your habits, they becomecharacter.Watch your character, it becomes your
“They may forget what you said butthey will never forget how you madethem feel.” - Carol Buchner
"In education it isnt how much youhave committed to memory or evenhow much you know.Its being able to differentiate betweenwhat you do know and what you dont.Its knowing where to go to find outwhat you need to know and itsknowing how to use the informationyou get." --William Feather
"Once children learn how to learn,nothing is going to narrow theirmind. The essence of teaching is tomake learning contagious, to haveone idea spark another." -- Marva Collins
"Ideal teachers are those whouse themselves as bridges overwhich they invite their studentsto cross, then having facilitatedtheir crossing, joyfully collapse,encouraging them to createbridges of their own.“ -- Nikos Kazantzakis
"Treat people as if they were whatthey ought to be and you help thembecome what they are capable ofbecoming." -- Goethe
The purpose of Successful Education is to ignitecreativity of students, helping them to use theircreativity in useful ways and taking pride in their work.Our encouragement creates optimism or a positiveattitude and inspires them to be successful individuals.Every optimistic person is successful in his own way andthey have successful intelligence a term recentlycreated by cognitive psychologist Richard Sternberg asthe key concept in his Theory of Successful Intelligence.
Successful Intelligence has threecomponents:•Practical Intelligence- the ability to solvesimple, every day routine• Analytical Intelligence- the ability to findsolutions to complex analytical problems•Creative Intelligence- the ability to developnon-routine solutions
What is a curriculum? What is a program?A set of materials.A sequence of courses/projects.A set of performance objectives.A course of study.That which is taught in school.Content.Everything that goes on within the school including co-curricular activities, guidance, and interpersonal relationships.Everything that is planned by school personnel.A series of experiences undergone by learners in school.That which an individual learner experiences as a result of schooling of participation.
EFFECTIVE TEACHERS…Know the content Create a suitableUnderstand the learningdevelopment of the environmentstudent Adapt and modifyValue the diversity instructionof the students Use effectivewithin the class communicationPlan strategic Collaborate with alllessons using members of theresearch-based learning communitypractices Engage in sustainedUse multiple professional growthassessments to experiencesevaluate progress
GOOD PLANNINGKeeps the teacher and students on trackAchieves the objectivesHelps teachers to avoid “unpleasant” surprisesProvides the roadmap and visuals in a logicalsequenceProvides direction to a substituteEncourages reflection, refinement, andimprovementEnhances student achievement
POOR PLANNINGFrustration for the teacher and thestudentAimless wanderingUnmet objectivesNo connections to prior learningDisorganizationLack of needed materialsA waste of timePoor management
A GOOD LESSON INCLUDESObjectivesPre-assessmentList of materialsWarm-up and introductionPresentationPracticeEvaluationClosureApplication
LET’S BEGIN… The format of a lesson should.. Go one step at a time Have a picture for every step Have a minimal reliance on wordsAn effective lesson plan is a set of plans for building something –it “constructs” the learning.
The greater the structure of a lesson and the more precisethe directions on what is to be accomplished, the higher the achievement rate.Harry Wong, The First Days of Teaching
PRE-ASSESSMENTWhat are the characteristics of thelearners in the class?What do the students already knowand understand?How do my students learn best?What modifications in instructionmight I need to make?
MATERIALSPlan! Prepare! Have on hand! Murphy’s LawEnvision your needs.List all resources.Have enough manipulative (whenneeded) for groups or individuals.
WARM-UP AND INTRODUCTIONGrab the attention of the studentsPROVIDES THE INTEREST/MOTIVATION factorSet the tone for the lesson connected to theobjective A question A story A saying An activity A discussion starterBE CREATIVE
PROCEDURES AND PRESENTATIONSets up a step-by-step planProvides a quick review ofprevious learningProvides specific activities toassist students in developing thenew knowledgeProvides modeling of a new skill A picture is worth a thousand words. I hear, I see………..I do!
LEARNING ACTIVITIESGraphicorganizers Cooperative groupsCreative play Inquiry learningPeer presenting Direct instructionPerformances DifferentiationRole playing Direct InstructionDebatesGame makingProjects
PRACTICE APPLYING WHAT IS LEARNEDProvide multiple learning activitiesGuided practice (teacher controlled) Use a variety of questioning strategies to determine the level of understanding Journaling, conferencingIndependent practice Practice may be differentiatedBUILD ON SUCCESS
CLOSURELesson Wrap-up: Leave students withan imprint of what the lesson covered. Students summarize the major concepts Teacher recaps the main points Teacher sets the stage for the next phase of learning
EVALUATIONAssess the learning Teacher made test In-class or homework assignment Project to apply the learning in real-life situation Recitations and summaries Performance assessments Portfolios Journals Informal assessment
REFLECTIONWhat went well in the lesson?What problems did I experience?Are there things I could have donedifferently?How can I build on this lesson tomake future lessons successful?
THE SUBSTITUTE… NOW WHAT?The Key to substitute success – DETAILEDLESSON PLANS Discipline routines Children with special needs Fire drill and emergency procedures Helpful students, helpful colleagues (phone #’s) Classroom schedule Names of administrators Expectations for the work Packet of extra activities
A teacher is one who brings ustools and enables us to use them. Jean Toomer