Optical camouflage by nva93


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Optical camouflage by nva93

  1. 1. Seminar On Optical Camouflage TECHNOLOGY OF INVISIBILITY
  3. 3.  Process to create the illusion of invisibility by covering with something that projects the scene directly behind that object is called OPTICAL CAMOUFLAGE.  It displays an image of the scene on the side opposite the viewer on it, so that the viewer can "see through" the wearer, rendering the wearer invisible.  Although optical is a term that technically refers to all forms of light, most proposed forms of optical camouflage would only provide invisibility in the visible portion of the spectrum. WHAT
  4. 4.  Prototype examples and proposed designs of optical camouflage devices range back to the late eighties at least, and the concept began to appear in fiction in the late nineties.  In 2003, three professors at University of Tokyo Susumu Tachi, Masahiko Inami and Naoki Kawakami created a prototypical camouflage system in which a video camera takes a shot of the background and displays it on a cloth using an external projector. The same year Time magazine named it the coolest invention of 2003  In 2006, Duke University achieved enveloping and "disappearing" an object in the microwave range using Metamaterials WHEN
  5. 5. It is done in two ways TOKYO METHOD & DUKE METHOD HOW
  6. 6. TOKYO METHOD  Optical camouflage doesn't work by way of magic. It works by taking advantage of something called Augmented-reality technology  Augmented-reality systems add computer-generated information to a user's sensory perceptions  Most augmented-reality systems require that users look through a special viewing apparatus to see a real-world scene enhanced with synthesized graphics. They also require a powerful computer. Optical camouflage requires these things, as well, but it also requires several other components
  7. 7.  A garment made from retro-reflective material  A video camera  A computer  A projector  A special, half-silvered mirror called a combiner Here's everything needed to make a person appear invisible
  8. 8. Uniqueness of Retro-Reflection • A ‘Rough surface’ creates a diffused reflection because the incident (incoming) light rays get scattered in many different directions. • A ‘Perfectly smooth’ surface, like that of a mirror, creates what is known as a specular reflection, a reflection in which incident light rays and reflected light rays form the exact same angle with the mirror surface. • In ‘Retro-reflection’ the glass beads act like prisms, bending the light rays by a process known as refraction. This causes the reflected light rays to travel back along the same path as the incident light rays. The result: An observer situated at the light source receives more of the reflected light and therefore sees a brighter reflection
  11. 11.  The weak point of this technique is that the observer needs to look through a half-mirror. The current system needs a half-mirror and projectors, which were fixed on the ground  It is little bit slow because we have to setup and adjust everything LIMITATIONS
  12. 12. DUKE METHOD  Rely on product called metamaterial  Meta in Greek means “beyond”…  Therefore the term “metamaterial” means to create something that doesn't exist in nature  Metamaterials (MTMs) are a class of artificially engineered composite materials having extraordinary electromagnetic properties
  13. 13.  Depending on the structure , metamaterials may have refractive index less than 1 and even negative  Metamaterials having negative refractive index are called Left Handed Metamaterials
  14. 14.  it is possible to design metamaterial "cloak" so that it guides light around some region, rendering it invisible over a certain band of wavelengths.  The Duke team used metamaterials to make their cloaking device have gradually varying refractive indices - from 1 on the outside of the device, decreasing to zero in the centre . The result is that microwave light subtly bends around the device and is able to reform on the other side, although with some detectable distortion .
  15. 15.  Due to limitation on size ,still its not possible to make a cloak device for operating wavelength in visible band  Current devices work only for one wavelength but visible light has many wavelength  People inside a cloaked area wouldn't be able to see out because all visible light would be bending around where they are positioned. They'd be invisible, but they'd be blind, too LIMITATIONS
  16. 16. Medical Aviation Automotive Home Improvement WHERE
  17. 17.  Patient centered design rooms Improve the psychological well-being of people in closed environments  Surgery Doctors performing surgery could use ‘invisibility’ to see through their hands and instruments to the underlying tissue more ‘visible’ MEDICAL
  18. 18.  Pilots landing a plane could use this technology to make cockpit floors transparent  This would enable them to see the runway and the landing gear simply by glancing down AVIATION
  19. 19.  Drivers backing up cars could benefit one day from optical camouflage. A quick glance backward through a transparent rear hatch or tailgate would make it easy to know when to stop AUTOMOTIVE
  20. 20.  More fanciful applications like transparent ceiling to provide a view of the outside  Transparent door replaces peep hole HOME IMPROVEMENT
  21. 21. Now all of us have had a small tour of the world of optical camouflage A lot of interesting thing have been done and already we have seen that anyone can be almost invisible with this technology But the future promises us a lot more Research work is going on and soon we will have even more astonishing results CONCLUSION
  22. 22. www.en.wikepedia.org www.ijettjournal.org www.howstuffworks.com www.Viewzone.com REFERENCES
  23. 23. Thank You...
  24. 24. QUERIES PLEASE ?