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Ontology of power

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  • 1. ONTOLOGY OF POWER Presented by: Nuzrat jameel
  • 2. Overview  Power  Counter power  Sources of power  Consequences of power  Abuse of power
  • 3. POWER Definition: Power is the potential ability of an individual to influence others, group or organization (by using coercive and non- coercive forces).
  • 4. COUNTER POWER Definition: Counter power is the capacity of a person, team or organization to keep a more powerful person or group in the exchange relationship.  It is also known as countervailing power
  • 5. SOURCES OF POWER POWER PERSONAL POWER EXPERT POWER REFERENT POWER POSITION POWER LEGITIMATE POWER REWARD POWER COERCIVE POWER
  • 6. PERSONAL POWER  Expert power: Originate from within the person and the individual or work unit capacity to influence others by possessing knowledge or skills that they want.  Referent power: Referent power is the capacity to influence others based on the identification and respect they have for their power-holder.
  • 7. POSITION POWER  Legitimate Power: Legitimate power is the capacity to influence others through formal authority.  Reward Power: Reward power is the capacity to influence others by controlling the allocation of rewards valued by them and removing negative sanctions.
  • 8. POSITION POWER  Coercive Power: Coercive power is the ability to apply punishment it is usually done through reprimand, demote and fire employees.  Coercive power helps control the behavior of employees by ensuring that they adhere to the organization's policies and norms.
  • 9. CONSEQUENCES OF POWER  Positive consequences: Positive consequences in the organization involves encouraging productivity, giving employer the power to make decisions by awarding employees for desired performance, appointing employees with experience to guide other junior employees.
  • 10. CONSEQUENCES OF POWER  Negative power: Employer with negative power achieves their objectives by threatening employees with demotion. Employer uses the power negatively to hire those who are in close relation without judging their talent.
  • 11. ABUSE OF POWER Sexual harassment:  Sexual harassment is defined as “unwelcome behavior of a sexual nature in the workplace that negatively affects the work environment or leads to adverse job related consequences for employees.”  Harasser stereotypes the victim as obedient and powerless.  Harasser threatens job security or safety through coercive or legitimate power