Paddy
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Rice is a universal crop and It is grown in all the continents except Antarctica, occupying 150 million ha, producing 573 million tons paddy with an average productivity of 3.83 tonnes/ha. Its ...

Rice is a universal crop and It is grown in all the continents except Antarctica, occupying 150 million ha, producing 573 million tons paddy with an average productivity of 3.83 tonnes/ha. Its cultivation is of immense importance to food security of Asia, where more than 90% of the global rice is produced and consumed.

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Paddy Paddy Document Transcript

  • Paddy Rice is a universal crop and It is grown in all the continents except Antarctica, occupying 150 million ha, producing 573 million tons paddy with an average productivity of 3.83 tonnes/ha. Its cultivation is of immense importance to food security of Asia, where more than 90% of the global rice is produced and consumed. The cultivation of Rice goes as far back as 1500 -800 BC and finds mention in the Yajur Veda. According to historians, rice had been in cultivation in the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas in Northern India, through Burma, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and Southern China. Rice is the main staple food of more than half the world as well as of India. India is world’s leading producer of white rice, accounting for 20 % of overall production. Rice is India’s prominent crop, and staple food for the native population of eastern and southern part of the country. The country has biggest area of fertile land under rice cultivation. Nuziveedu Seeds – Prime Producer in Paddy Nuziveedu Seeds is already a master in varietal paddy production with a long list of products and the main focus of the company is now on Hybrid paddy. Research ongoing to develop new product lines suitable to different agro-climatic zones with characters like - • Diverse grain qualities and types suitable to different categories • Special and distinctive Taste parameters • Varying maturity period • Tolerance to various pests and diseases http://www.nuziveeduseeds.com/paddy/ How to Grow Preparation of Soil • Paddy can be grown in any type of soil, which can retain moisture. • Weeds can be avoided by preparation of the main field by ploughing, puddling and leveling land before transplantation Sowing • To prepare seedling in the nursery bed with 200 sq m(5 cents) area for sowing 10 kgs seed/acre for variety and 6 kg/ac for hybrid, the seedbed can be prepared through ploughing and puddling Excess water can be drained out through preparation of 50 cm wide channels on all sides. • 20 – 25 days seedlings with 2 seedlings per hill for varieties and 1 seedling/hill for hybrid may be planted with at least 33 hills/sq m in Kharif and 44 hills/sq m in Rabi. • For better sunlight and aeration to crop an alley of 20 cms for every 2 m of planting should be provided with a shallow depth of 2-3 cms. Fertilizer application • Fertilizers 50:20:20 kg NPK per acre during kharif and 60:25:25 kg NPK/acre during Rabi is generally recommended, but can be modified based on soil tests. • 1/3rd Nit rogen fertilizers should be applied in the final puddling , approximately 30 days after
  • planting and at the primordial initiation (60-70) days after planting. While pudding the entire phosphatic fertilizers can be applied @ 20 kg/ac during kharif and 25kg/ac during rubi. • Potash @ 20kg/ac can be applied during pudding. In heavy soils Potash @ 20 kg/ac and in light soils & Potash @ 25 kg/ac ac can be appied. It can be applied in spilt doses along with Nitrogenous fertilizers. • Zinc can be applied during alternative kharif season @ 20kg Znso4/ac in the final pudding before planting. In saline areas, 100 kg Zinc Sulphate or 10 kg Chelated Zinc may be applied. Irrigation • For growing paddy crop, it is not necessary to have a water flooded field, but there should be enough moisture in soil. • Critical stages for irrigation are Tillering, Panicle initiation, Heading and Flowering Crop Management • Weed Control Weed growth can be prevented by applying 500 ml of Pretalachlor or 35 gms of Topstar/acre 2-3 days after planting or 4 kg of Butachlor + 4 kg of 2, 4 – DEE/ acre can be applied and mixed in 30 kg of sand 3-5 days after planting to prevent monocots and dicots if it is a problem. • For direct seeded rice pre-emergence application Pendimethalin 1 ltr. or Topstar 35 gms/acre may be applied 3 days after sowing at adequate soil moisture. Pest Management – Stemborer Choloropyriphos (1.5 ml) or Monocrotophos (1.6 ml) or Phosphamidon (2.0 ml) or Acephate (1.5g) or Cartap Hydrochloride (2g)/ltr of water should be sprayed or 8 kg Cartap Hydrochloride 46 granules or 10 kg Carbofuran 36 granules can be applied. Disease mgt – Blast Triciclyzole, Kasugamycin 2 ml or ISO prothiolane 1.5 ml mixed in one litre watercan be sprayed Harvesting, Storage and Drying • To get best milling recovery the crop should be harvested 30 days after flowering and dried in shade. http://www.nuziveeduseeds.com/paddy-how-to-grow/
  • See more Paddy Products at http://www.nuziveeduseeds.com/list-of-products-paddy
  • See more Paddy Products at http://www.nuziveeduseeds.com/list-of-products-paddy