Leadership - Tun Seri Dr. Mahathir MohdPresentation Transcript
LEADERSHIP BUSINESS MANAGEMENT LGB 30703NUURHIDAYAH BINTI SHAMSUDIN 56280211343
NAME: Tun Seri Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad OCCUPATION:4th Prime Minister (16 July 1981 - 31st October 2003) BIRTH DATE: 20 December 1925 EDUCATION: University of Malaya & King Edward VII College of Medicine in Singapore PLACE OF BIRTH: Alor Setar, Kedah, Malaysia
• Tuns family was modest but stable and his father was a respected teacher at an English language school.• He was an army physician before forming a private practice at the age of 32. • He improved the economy and was a champion of developing nations.
• Mahathir became active in the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), Malaysia’s largest political party and was elected to its policy-making groupthe Supreme Council.• With the support of the UMNO, he won a seat in the House of Representatives in 1964.
• He wrote a book, The Malay Dilemma, demanding affirmative action for indigenous Malays and equal status with Chinese-Malaysians, while also criticizing Malay “economic backwardsness.”• These then-radical ideas earned the ire of Prime Minister Abdul Rahman and the UMNO banned the book and expelled Mahathir from the party.
• Tunku Abd Rahman resigned in 1970 and after Mahathir was reinstated in the UMNO in 1972, his political career took off.• He was reelected to parliament in 1973, promoted to a Cabinet position in 1974 and rose to deputy prime minister in 1976.• He became prime minister just five years later when his predecessor, Tun Hussein Onn retired.
• Tun Mahathir had a significant impact on theeconomy, culture and government of Malaysia.• He won five consecutive elections and served for 22 years longer than any other prime minister in Malaysia’s history. • Under him, Malaysia experienced rapid economic growth.
• He began privatizing government enterprises including airlines, utilities and telecommunications which raised money for the government and improved working conditions for many employees. • One of his most significant infrastructure projects was the North-South Expressway, a highway that runs from the Thai border to Singapore.
• From 1988 - 1996, an 8% economic expansion and Mahathir released an economic plan - The Way Forward or Vision 2020 • He helped shift the country’s economic base away from agriculture and natural resources and toward manufacturing and exporting and the country’s per capita income doubled from 1990 to 1996.
• Although Malaysia’s growth has slowed and it’s unlikely the country will achieve this goal, the economy remains stable.• Tun’s record on civil liberties as well as his criticisms of Western economic policies and industrialized nations’ policies toward developing countries made his relationships with the United States, Britain and Australia difficult.
• He banned The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal for printing negative editorials about him, and supported a national law condemning drug smugglers to death, resulting in the execution of several Western citizens. • Tun Mahathir retired in 2003 and remains an active and visible part of Malaysia’s political landscape. • He is an ardent critic of Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi, whom he chose to succeed him.
• Tuns brought about privatization on a big scale to the country in a bid to promote free trade and foreign direct investments.• He was proponent of suplementing growth with equity, a move seen as rather unorthodox, considering how the traditional route was survival of the fittest.
• When the financial crisis hit in July 1997, Malaysia currency was devalued to half what is was.• But Tuns maintained that any policy towards solving this crisis as put forward by the west would prove to be detrimental to developing countries.• He implemented the unorthodox formula of selective exchange control, measures which were deemed minimal.
1. A united, peaceful, integrated and harmonious Malaysia nation.2. A secure, confidence, respected and robust society committed to excellence. 3. A mature, consensual and exemplary democracy.4. A "fully moral" society with citizens strongly imbued with spritual values and the highest ethical standards.
5. A culturally, ethically, religiously diverse, liberal, tolerant and unified society. 6. A scientific, progressive, innovative and forward loking society. 7. A caring society with family based welfare system. 8. An "economically just" society with inter- economic parity.9. A fully competitive, dynamic, robust, resilient and prosperous economy.
Based from the Vision 2020 that proposed by Tuns itself shows that he wished to provide a transformational change to this country.He is very essence of a visionary and also charismatic leader.