CARGO HANDLING SYSTEM (LOB 20102) TITLE : PASSENGER SHIP PREPARED BY : NUURHIDAYAH BINTI SHAMSUDIN 56280211343
INTRODUCTION•A cruise ship travels at a pace according to the weather and the sea conditions and is depended on the harbortraffic and the distances between the destinations it has to cover. •Tourists mostly take a cruise for leisure purposes rather than point-to point transportation (Dowling R.K 2006:3). •Passenger ships can also be an immense form of transportation which is able to accommodate huge amounts of travelers.
PASSENGER SHIP•A passenger ship is a ship whose primary function is to carry passengers. •The category does not include cargo vessels which have accommodations for limited numbers of passengers, such as the ubiquitous twelve-passenger freighters once common on the seas in which the transport of passengers is secondary to the carriage of freight.
•The type does however include many classes of ships designed to transport substantial numbers of passengers as well as freight. •Indeed, until recently virtually all ocean liners were able to transport mail, package freight and express and other cargo in addition to passenger luggage, and were equipped with cargo holds and derricks, kingposts, or other cargo-handling gear for that purpose. •While typically passenger ships are part of the merchant marine , passenger ships have also been used as troopships and often are commissioned as naval ships when used as for that purpose.
TYPE OF PASSENGER SHIPAn ocean liner, Normandie Modern narrow boats for leisure cruising, Bugsworth Basin, Buxworth, Derbyshire, England
Cruise ship, Freedom of the A ferry, Mega Smeralda Seas
MEASURES OF SIZE Queen Mary (1936), Queen Mary 2 (2003), 151,400approximately 81,000 - 83,000 gross tons, approximately gross tons, displacement of 76,000 tons of displacement over 80,000 tons
Freedom of the Seas (2006), 154,407 gross tons,approximately 80,000 tons of displacement
•By convention and long usage, the size of civilianpassenger ships is measured by gross tonnage which is ameasure of enclosed volume. •Although the two concepts are often confuse. Weight ismeasured by displacement, which is the conventionalmeans of measuring naval vessels. •Often a passenger ship is stated to "weigh" or"displace" a certain "tonnage," but the figure given nearlyalways refers to gross tons.
•While a high displacement can indicate better seakeeping abilities, gross tonnage is promoted as the mostimportant measure of size for passengers, as the ratio ofgross tonnage per passenger – the Passenger/Space Ratio –gives a sense of the spaciousness of a ship, an importantconsideration in cruise liners where the onboard amenitiesare of high importance. •However, by the conventional and historical measureof gross tonnage, there has been a recent dramatic increasein the size of the largest new ships.
SAFETY REGULATIONS Passenger ships are subject to two major International MaritimeOrganization requirements: to perform musters of the passenger (...) within 24 hours after their embarkation and to be able to perform fullabandonment within a period of 30 minutes from the time the abandon-ship signal is given.
CONCLUSION •I concluded that passenger vessel operators should be vigilant in understanding the various laws that govern the wastes from their vessels. The passenger vessel industry can be confident that its environmental compliance record is going to come under increased scrutiny. Finally, the industry depends on maintaining the attractive features of the waters on which its vessels sail, so it behooves all to adhere to a high standard of environmental ethic.
VIDEOFirst Look Inside Worlds Largest Cruise Ship.flv