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Chapter2

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  • 1. Planning aPlanning a Healthy DietHealthy Diet Chapter 2Chapter 2
  • 2. Principles and GuidelinesPrinciples and Guidelines • Adequacy • Sufficient energy • Adequate nutrients for healthy people • Balance • Enough but not too much • kCalorie (energy) control • Energy in = energy out • High nutrient density foods
  • 3. Principles and GuidelinesPrinciples and Guidelines • Nutrient density • The most nutrients for the fewest calories • Low-nutrient density foods • Moderation • Food selections – low in fat & added sugars • Variety • Among and within food groups • Benefits of a varied diet
  • 4. Nutrient Density of Two Breakfast Options Compared
  • 5. Principles and GuidelinesPrinciples and Guidelines • Dietary Guidelines for Americans • Evidence-based advice • Attain and maintain a healthy weight • Reduce risk of chronic disease • Promote overall health • Reviewed and revised every five years
  • 6. Principles and Guidelines • Dietary Guidelines for Americans • Four major topic areas • Balancing kcalories to manage weight • Foods and food components to reduce • Foods and nutrients to increase • Building healthy eating patterns
  • 7. Diet-Planning GuidesDiet-Planning Guides • Need tools and knowledge to plan an ideal diet • USDA Food Patterns • Five major food groups • Fruits, vegetables, grains, protein foods, milk and milk products • Recommended daily amounts for each group • Daily selection from each group
  • 8. USDA Food Patterns: Recommended Daily Amounts
  • 9. USDA Food PatternsUSDA Food Patterns
  • 10. USDA Food PatternsUSDA Food Patterns
  • 11. USDA Food Patterns
  • 12. Estimated Daily kCalorie Needs for Adults
  • 13. Diet-Planning GuidesDiet-Planning Guides • USDA Food Patterns • Notable nutrients • Key nutrients of each food group • Allows for flexibility in diet plan • Greater encouragement of some food groups • Nutrient-dense choices • Discretionary kcalorie allowance • Kcalories supplied versus those needed • Added sugars and fats
  • 14. Discretionary kCalories in a 2000-kCalorie Diet
  • 15. Diet-Planning GuidesDiet-Planning Guides • USDA Food Guide • Serving equivalents • Fruits, vegetables, milk = cups • Grains and protein foods = ounces • Ethnic food choices • Vegetarian food guide • Can still use USDA Food Patterns • Mixture of foods
  • 16. Ethnic Food Choices
  • 17. Diet-Planning GuidesDiet-Planning Guides • USDA Food Guide • MyPlate – http://www.choosemyplate.gov • Educational tool • Combines USDA Food Patterns and Dietary Guidelines • Allows for personal planning • MyPlate shortcomings • Healthy Eating Index
  • 18. Recommended and ActualRecommended and Actual Intakes ComparedIntakes Compared
  • 19. Diet-Planning GuidesDiet-Planning Guides • Exchange lists • Help in achieving kcalorie control and moderation • Sorting of foods • Energy-nutrient contents • Examples
  • 20. Diet-Planning GuidesDiet-Planning Guides • Putting the plan into action • Familiarize yourself with each food group • From guidelines to groceries • Consider foods you enjoy • Make improvements little by little • Processed foods • Disadvantages • Advantages
  • 21. Diet-Planning Using the 2000- kCalorie USDA Food Pattern
  • 22. Diet-Planning Guides –Diet-Planning Guides – Grocery ShoppingGrocery Shopping • Grains • Whole-grain products • Fortification & enrichment • Vegetables • Fresh vs. canned or frozen • Milk and milk products • Fruits • Colors • Fruit juices • Protein foods • Lean cuts • Soy products • Portion sizes • Cooking techniques
  • 23. A Wheat PlantA Wheat Plant
  • 24. Diet-Planning GuidesDiet-Planning Guides
  • 25. Food LabelsFood Labels • Reasons for food label use • Product not required to have food labels • Voluntary use of labels • Restaurant food labeling • Portion sizes
  • 26. Example of a Food LabelExample of a Food Label
  • 27. Food LabelsFood Labels • Ingredient list • Listing of all ingredients • Descending order of predominance by weight • Serving sizes • Food and Drug Administration (FDA) role • Adjust calculations according to amount consumed • Sizes listed vs. USDA Food Pattern sizes
  • 28. Food LabelsFood Labels • Nutrition Facts • Quantities and Daily Values • Required information • Total food energy; food energy from fat • Total fat; saturated fat; trans fat; cholesterol • Sodium • Total carbohydrate; dietary fiber; sugars • Protein • Vitamins A & C; iron; calcium
  • 29. Food LabelsFood Labels • Daily Values • Expressed as percentage • Relationship to health • “Ballpark” estimate of contribution to total diet • Based on 2000 kcalories per day • Nutrient claims • Meet FDA definitions
  • 30. Daily Values for Food Labels
  • 31. Food LabelsFood Labels • Nutrient claims • Meet FDA definitions • Nutrient claims • Health claims • Need for scientific evidence • FDA report card • Structure-function claims • Made without FDA approval
  • 32. Label Claims
  • 33. Food Labels • Consumer education • Coordination of USDA Food Patterns, Dietary Guidelines, and food labels
  • 34. From Guidelines to GroceriesFrom Guidelines to Groceries
  • 35. From Guidelines to GroceriesFrom Guidelines to Groceries
  • 36. From Guidelines to GroceriesFrom Guidelines to Groceries
  • 37. From Guidelines to GroceriesFrom Guidelines to Groceries

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