Nutrition in pregnancy by Falguni A KothariPresentation Transcript
Getting Ready For Your Baby.As with many of the really specialevents in our lives, having a babymeans lots of change and excitement.During the pregnancy your babydepends on you for the nutrition itgets so it is very important to eat welland safely.Even before you are pregnantpreparations should begin to get yourbody in good condition.A healthy pregnancy will be a happypregnancy and taking good care ofyourself is the key.
One of the most vital factors to be kept in mind during Pregnancy DIET
Worried About What To Eat?• Eat smart and make sure that most of your choices are healthy ones.
4 GROUPS OF FOOD1. Proteins2. Carbohydrates3. Fat4. Vitamins, Minerals, Micronutrients, & Antioxidants.
EAT WELL.• If you normally eat well and enjoy a wide variety of foods you will probably have to make only a few changes to your diet. If your diet isn’t as good as it could be, now is a good time to make some changes - both you and your baby will benefit.• It is essential to take healthy Balanced Diet during pregnancy. Pregnancy diet plan needs to make that are rich in protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.• A proper nutritious diet helps to grow your upcoming baby bones, organs and cell tissue.
• You also need more calcium for bones and teeth. If the pelvic bones become soft without calcium it leads to osteomalacia and causes severe difficulty during labour.• Burkha women (Those who cover their body with thick black cloth) suffer from this disease and the child born to her will also have calcium and vitamin D deficiencies leading to skeletal deformities.• This will make the mother weak if she doesn’t take adequate balanced diet. It is equally important that she should not over eat and become obese. Obesity in pregnancy due to excessive intake of rich food without enough physical activity to spend that energy, can lead to many complications during pregnancy and delivery.
3 groups of Essential Food substances in Pregnancy1.Supply Energy to the mother and thefetus2.Help in building and repairing tissuesand organs3.Protect the mother against infectionand disease, help in the properfunctioning of all the systems includingthat of the fetus.
Don’t give up all the foods you love when you are pregnant. Whatever foods are healthy for mom are healthy for baby
CAUSES FOR MALNUTRITION1. IGNORANCE2. POVERTY3. UNSCIENTIFIC CUSTOMS.
Misconceptions and False beliefs about diet in pregnancy.1. Banana & Orange…….. Contains vitamin-A,C and iron.FALSE BELIEF: May cau se Abortion & Respiratory problem s.
2. Brinjal & Green Vegetables…….. Contains vitamin A, Proteins and ironFALSE BELIEF: May cause Diarrhea, Allergy & Skin marks.
3. Dhals Contains abu nd ant Proteins. FALSE BELIEF : May cause arthritis and gas formation which may affect the baby.4. Tender-coconut Water And Other Common Fluids. Contains lot of minerals and vitamins and help inpreventing urinary infection which is common inpregnancy. FALSE BELIEF : Causes cold, cough, fever and is harmful to the growing child.
Diet to be taken in the 1st trimester of pregnancy• Along with the normal food containing proteins, fat and carbohydrates, you must take plenty of fluids such as fruit juices, lime juice, orange juice, tomato juice, thin butter milk and tender-coconut water, as per the calorie requirements. Diet in the 2nd and the 3rd trimesters• Because of the gradual increase in the pressure on the chest by the gravid uterus you should take frequent small feeds which are easily digested and should avoid very hot spicy or excessively salty preparation.
ADDITIONAL FOOD.1. Pregnancy is physiologically and nutritionally a highly demanding period. Extra food is required to satisfy the needs of the fetus.2. A woman prepares herself to meet the nutritional demands by increasing her own body fat deposits.3. Daily diet of a woman should contain an additional 300 calories; 15 g of protein; 10 g of fat from mid-pregnancy.
Important NutrientsImportant Nutrients & their Role Sources. FOLIC ACID • Enriched White Rice,• Reduces the risk of congenital • Ready-to-eat Cereals, Cornmeal, Wheat malformations Flour, Cowpeas, (Black-eyed Peas) Beans,• Increases birth weight. Chickpeas, Okra, Spinach, Asparagus • Cooked lentils • Cooked spinach • Orange juice • 2 slices multigrain bread IRON • Spinach, Garden-cress seeds, Beetroot,• High demands of erythropoiesis Tomato juice, lean meat, celery, fenugreek (RBC formation) seeds, lentils, oatmeal, raisins, soya flour, carrot, radish, almonds, Rajma. IODINE • Sea vegetables, Cow’s Milk, yoghurt,• Ensures proper mental health of strawberries, Eggs the growing fetus and infant
Contd… VITAMINS Vitamin C:citrus fruits,• Required during lactation green peppers, broccoli, to improve child survival. green leafy vegetables, strawberries, raw cabbage and potatoes. Vitamin E– Important sources include wheat germ, nuts, seeds, whole grains, green leafy vegetables, vegetable oil and fish-liver oil. CALCIUM Cows milk, Paneer, curds,Proper formation of bones Ragi, yoghurt, hardand teeth of the offspring. cheese, fortified bread,• Secretion of breast milk orange juice, broccoli, rich in calcium lentils, okra, spinach,• Prevents osteoporosis in sweet potatoes, chickpeas. the mother
5. Physical exercise6. Rest for 2-3 hours during the day.
Craving for Certain Foods1.Pickles2.Ice-cream3.Chocolate4.Sour foods5.Tamarind6.Jaggery
Things to be Avoided During Pregnancy• Caffeine• Drugs• Cigarettes• Alcohol
• Green and leafy vegetables like cabbage, and spinach are loaded with iron, folic acid and vitamins A, C, K. These minerals help to grow baby tissue.• Sweet potatoes are considered healthier than white potatoes.
Fish is among the foods that causeconcern because of mercury, a metal thatcan be toxic to babies, children, and evenadults.
Allowable Quantity of Fish• The FDA suggests pregnant women should not eat more than two average-size servings of fish per week.• Avoid swordfish, shark, king mackerel, and tilefish
The key component of fish isomega-3 fatty acids, which arecritical to fetal neuraldevelopment.Those who abstain from fish,some very good sources ofomega-3 fatty acids areflaxseed, nuts (particularlywalnuts), soybeans, and eggs.
Sources of Water.• The best source of water is plain, pure drinking water.• Sodas have a lot of sugar in them and arent a good source.• Herbal teas that arent diuretic are fine.• Sports drinks contain electrolytes and may be beneficial.