In LINC, search the journal title. The citation style used for this slide is the American Psychological Association (APA).
In LINC, search the book title. The citation style used for this slide is the American Psychological Association (APA).
How can you tell if the source is more authoritative than another? Look out for the author's name and credentials (degrees, achievements, designations, etc.), the sources used by the author, and presence/absence of peer review (where one’s work is checked by equals (peers) to ensure it meets specific criteria before it is published).
Research is an iterative process, as indicated by the dotted lines.
Two commonly-used boolean operators are AND & OR . AND is used to indicate that both terms must be present. OR is used to indicate that either terms may be present. You can type them in lowercase in LINC or the database (most databases recognise Boolean operators, but do check if you’re not sure). In this powerpoint, they appear in uppercase for emphasis.
( ) are used just like in algebra: commands inside the innermost parentheses are executed first.
If you search language planning and singapore , you’ll get results on not just Singlish/Singapore English but other languages, such as Mandarin.
If you are interested in this article, you’ll need to check LINC+/LINC to see whether the library subscribes to the journal Language Problems and Language Planning , and if so, whether it has volume 27, issue 1.
If the library subscribes to the electronic version of a journal, you will see the hyperlinks “View the electronic version (full-text) via…” Our full text subscriptions are usually for the current 5 years or slightly more. Click on the hyperlinked CL Current Journals to check which issues are shelved at Current Journals.
Check with your lecturer or tutor for the citation style that you should be using. Whether you use LSA, MLA or another citation style, the key point is consistency!
Doing Research on Language & Linguistics: An Introduction
First things first. Can you interpret your reading list or the references at the end of a book or journal article?
Perhaps you can interpret a book reference. But what about references to other materials?
Note: if appears, check out the note at the bottom of the same page.
see powerpoint notes
Interpreting References: Journal Article authors article title Herring, S. C., & Paolillo, J. C. (2006). Gender and genre variation in weblogs. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 10 (4), 439-459. year journal title volume (issue) pages see powerpoint notes
Interpreting References: Book Chapter authors book chapter title Smith, L. E., & Cecil L. N. (2006). World Englishes and issues of intelligibility. In B. B. Kachru, Y. Kachru, & C. L. Nelson (Eds.), The handbook of world Englishes. (pp. 428-447). Malden, MA: Blackwell. year publisher book title pages editors see powerpoint notes
Your topic Break down your topic into concepts List keywords from concepts Construct search statement from your keywords Search for materials such as books & articles. Use LINC & databases. Check if they are relevant Locate the materials in the library Find more sources by using references in the sources you have located Do you have sufficient sources for your assignment? Complete your assignment START HERE YES NO see powerpoint notes
Use LINC+/LINC to search for resources in the library’s collection, i.e. books, journals, audio-visual materials, theses, etc.
Use databases when you have a topic and want to search for journal articles (or book reviews, conference proceedings, etc). Most databases only provide citations & abstracts, but not the full-text articles.
Accessing Databases or, select from this list of major databases e.g. MLA click here to browse by title, subject, type and location
CSA Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA)
MLA International Bibliography
Arts & Humanities Citation Index (via Web of Science)
Expanded Academic ASAP
Jstor (full-text articles but back issues only)
Factiva (full-text newspaper articles from 1980s)
PERIND (articles on Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei & ASEAN)
Database in Action #1: LLBA type llba in this box type your search statement here click on title of article or ‘View record’ for more information citation title of source, which is a journal explore the useful features
Now that you have a citation to an article which you are interested in, check LINC to find out whether NUS Libraries has the journal.
see powerpoint notes some vols in Bound Journals some vols in Closed Stacks volumes available links to full text latest issue received In current Journals search for specific volume or year click for listing of more volumes
You may need to look for newspaper articles. You can use either Factiva or LexisNexis Academic .
When searching Factiva or LexisNexis Academic, remember to use keywords which are likely to be found in the newspaper of your choice. It is rare to find jargon such as ‘language planning’ and ‘sociolinguistics’ in the newspapers!
Database in Action #2: Factiva click on Factiva click on search builder 1. type your keywords here 2. select date or choose all dates 3. search for Straits Times and select the correct newspaper by clicking on it 4. click on run search click on title to view full article click within the boxes, then select an icon to view selected articles, email, print or save this is how an article looks