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Library Resources for EL3208


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  • Research is iterative, not instantaneous!
  • results from Using JSTOR
  • Transcript

    • 1. Library Resources for EL3208 Bilingualism
      Ruby Seng
      Resource Librarian (ELL)
    • 2. Outline
      Advanced searching techniques
      Steps 1-3
    • 3. Introduction
    • 4. The Research Process
      List synonyms, related words & variant spellings
      Identify main keywords
      Create search statement
      Search for sources using LINC+/LINC & databases
      Complete your assignment
      Get more sources by checking references
      Are there enough? Evaluate quality, currency, relevance, etc.
    • 5. Information Sources
      Journal articles
      Conference papers
      Theses & dissertations
      Primary sources
    • 6. Finding Citations
      I want to find journal articles/book chapters on a topic.
    • 7. Finding Citations: Use Databases
      Method 1: browse databases by subject
      Method 2: search by name of database e.g. LLBA
      Note: Most databases do not have full-text articles
    • 8. Finding Full-text Articles
      I have the citation and need the full-text article.
    • 9. Finding Full-text: Use LINC or LINC+
    • 10. Finding Full-text: LINC Journal Search
      E-journal publishers/ providers
      our subscription
      latest issue In Current Journals
      click for complete listing of volumes in Bound Journals and Closed Stacks
      search for specific volume or year
    • 11. Advanced Searching Techniques
    • 12. Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOT
      AND: both terms must be present
       fewer results
      OR: either terms may be present
       more results
      3. NOT/AND NOT: exclude a term
      use with caution
      cats ANDdogs
      cats ORdogs
      cats NOTdogs
    • 13. Quotation Marks “ ”
      Use quotation marks “ ” for phrase searching
      code switching: 10,719 results
      “code switching”: 2572 results
      Some databases treat adjacent words as separate words (AND),
      while others treat them as phrase (“ ”)
    • 14. Asterisk *
      Use asterisk * for variant forms of a word & variant spelling
      bilingual*= bilingual, bilinguals, bilingualism
      colo*r = color, colour
      Some databases use other symbols, e.g.: $, ?, !
    • 15. Parentheses ( )
      Use parentheses ( ) for grouping similar or related words
      e.g. (language acquisition OR bilingualism) AND adults
       language acquisition AND adults
       bilingualism AND adults
    • 16. Steps 1-3
    • 17. Step 1: Identify Keywords
      Relationship between cognitive development and bilingualism in children
      #1: cognitive development
      #2: bilingual
      #3: children
    • 18. Step 2: List Synonyms & Related Words
      #1: cognitive development
      #2: bilingual
      #3: children
      • intellectual development
      • 19. psychological development
      • 20. second language
      • 21. toddlers
      • 22. preschoolers
      • 23. elementary school students
    • Where to Find Synonyms
      • print
      • 24. online e.g.
      • built-in thesaurus e.g. LLBA, PsycINFO
      • 25. subject headings, key concepts, descriptors
      articles, books, etc. on the same subject
    • 26. Step 3: Create Search Statement
      Relationship between cognitive development and bilingualism in children
      Search statement:
      (cognitive development OR intellectual development OR mental development) AND (bilingual* OR second language) AND children
    • 27. Databases
    • 28. DB#1: LLBA
      CSA Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts
      >2,000 journals, books, dissertations, book reviews
      linguistics & related disciplines in the language sciences
    • 29. DB#1: LLBA
    • 30.
    • 31.
    • 32. advanced search
      e.g. thesaurus
      field: keywords
    • 33. sort by relevance or date
      mark record to save, print or email
    • 34. citation
      check whether library subscribes to this journal volume & issue by using LINC/LINC+
    • 35. DB#2: PsycINFO
      psychology & psychological aspects of related disciplines e.g. medicine, linguistics, business, etc.
      about 98% of the journals are peer-reviewed
    • 36. DB#2: PsycINFO Basic Search
      Basic search:
      • accepts natural language
      • 37. do not use AND, OR, NOT, $, ( ), “ ”
      • 38. includes related terms will search for alternative words
      • 39. searches all fields
    • 40. print, email or export citations
      automatic ranking by relevance
      related terms used
      link to journal in LINC
      no. of results
    • 41. DB#2: PsycINFO Basic Search Relevance Ranking
    • 42. DB#2: PsycINFO Multi-Field Search
      Multi-Field search:
      • Can select different fields, e.g. abstract
      • 43. Can use $, “ ”
    • automatic sorting by year
      no. of results
    • 44. DB#3: JSTOR
      Full-text database for humanities and social sciences
      back issues only
      searching and browsing functions
    • 45. DB#3: JSTOR
      various ways of limiting, e.g. by type, date
      Note: only about 10% of JSTOR articles have abstracts
    • 46. click here to see the first page
      download the PDF
    • 47.
    • 48. DB#4: ERIC
      educational-related literature, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education
      books, conferences, government documents, theses, reports, etc.
      available via CSA platform and
    • 49. DB#4: ERIC
      limit to elementary education
    • 50. sort by relevance
      full-text article
    • 51.
    • 52. DB#5: Factiva
      full-text articles from nearly 8,000 newspapers, newswires, magazines & trade journals
      no graphics and photographs
      Straits Times: from 1989 onwards
    • 53. DB#5: Factiva
      go to search builder
      put in your keywords
      type Straits Times & click on the button
      select Publication: Straits Times
    • 54. sort by date or relevance
      mark to view on single page, email, print or save
    • 55.
    • 56. Other Sources
      Multi-disciplinary Databases
      Arts & Humanities Citation Index (via WOS)
      Expanded Academic ASAP
      Periodicals Index Online
      Project Muse
      Proquest Dissertations & Theses
      Other Newspaper Databases
      LexisNexis Academic
      NewspaperSG (1831-2006, watermarked)
      Other E-Resources
      Oxford English Dictionary
      National Archives STARS(Speech Text Archival & Retrieval System)
    • 57. More…
    • 58. Recap
      use synonyms and related words
      create search statement using keywords plus AND, OR, NOT, ( ), *, “ ”
      select fields e.g. article title, abstract
      limit search by type (article, books, reviews), date, peer-reviewed, etc
      sort results by relevance
      Quality (Relevance) vs. Quantity
    • 59. Troubleshooting Search Results
      You may encounter:
      too many results use AND, more precise keywords
      too few results  use OR, synonyms/related words
      many irrelevant results  exclude keywords that are too general
      no results  check spelling, use more OR & synonyms, or redefine your research topic
      If you need help, check with your professor or ask a librarian! 
    • 60. Evaluating Information Sources
      authority: reputable publisher, society or organisation; author’s credentials & institutional affiliation
      accuracy: methods of research; means to verify data; support by references
      objectivity: biasness
      currency: up-to-date
      scholarly: peer reviewed, cited
    • 61. Appropriate Use
      • Library resources are mainly for your research and study
      • 62. Use them responsibly
      • 63. Observe copyright guidelines for photocopying and printing
      - 10% or 1 chapter of book
      - 1 article in a journal issue
      • Avoid excessive photocopying or downloading
      • 64. Copyright violations may have serious consequences
    • Plagiarism
      To avoid plagiarism:
      Jot down your sources
      Put all direct quotes in quotation marks, e.g.
      “Both words and images can be evocative in their own ways and independent of each other” (Nikolajeva & Scott, 2006, p. 2)
      Indicate the source even when you paraphrase, e.g.
      Vietnam is one of the region’s fastest growing economies (Rogers, 2008).
      Create a reference/bibliography section, e.g.
      Nikolajeva, M., & Scott, C. (2006). How picturebooks work. New York: Routledge.
    • 65. EndNote
      A software that:
      stores and organizes citations
      inserts citations into a Word document
      format references in a predefined citation style
      For more info:
      Technical queries (e.g. installation):
      call IT Care at 6516 2080 or email
      Watch EndNote video
    • 66. Getting Help
    • 67. Thank You!
      Download the slides:
    • 68. Bonus
    • 69. Google Scholar
      aim: single search engine for scholarly literature
      may include links to free PDF articles
      good for quick research
      not all results come from scholarly sources
      many link to publishers' websites which require subscriber login
      use the proxy bookmarkletto access full-texts
      note: only for resources subscribed by NUS Libraries
      guide to using bookmarklet
    • 70. myLINC
    • 71. myLINC
    • 72. myLINC
    • 73. myLINC
    • 74. myLINC
    • 75. myLINC