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Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
Library Resources for EL3208
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Library Resources for EL3208

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  • Research is iterative, not instantaneous!
  • results from Using JSTOR
  • Transcript

    • 1. Library Resources for EL3208 Bilingualism <br />Ruby Seng<br />Resource Librarian (ELL)<br />rubyseng@nus.edu.sg<br />
    • 2. Outline<br />Introduction<br />Advanced searching techniques<br />Steps 1-3<br />Databases<br />More…<br />
    • 3. Introduction<br />
    • 4. The Research Process<br />List synonyms, related words &amp; variant spellings<br />Identify main keywords<br />Create search statement<br />Search for sources using LINC+/LINC &amp; databases <br />Topic<br />Complete your assignment<br />Get more sources by checking references<br />no<br />yes<br />Are there enough? Evaluate quality, currency, relevance, etc.<br />
    • 5. Information Sources <br />Books<br />Journal articles<br />Conference papers <br />Newspapers<br />Theses &amp; dissertations<br />Primary sources<br />Internet <br />
    • 6. Finding Citations<br />I want to find journal articles/book chapters on a topic.<br />
    • 7. Finding Citations: Use Databases<br />Method 1: browse databases by subject<br />Method 2: search by name of database e.g. LLBA<br />Note: Most databases do not have full-text articles<br />
    • 8. Finding Full-text Articles<br />I have the citation and need the full-text article.<br />
    • 9. Finding Full-text: Use LINC or LINC+<br />
    • 10. Finding Full-text: LINC Journal Search<br />E-journal publishers/ providers<br />our subscription<br />latest issue In Current Journals<br />click for complete listing of volumes in Bound Journals and Closed Stacks<br />search for specific volume or year<br />
    • 11. Advanced Searching Techniques<br />
    • 12. Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOT<br />AND: both terms must be present <br /> fewer results<br />OR: either terms may be present <br /> more results<br />3. NOT/AND NOT: exclude a term<br />use with caution<br />A<br />B<br />cats ANDdogs<br />A<br />B<br />cats ORdogs<br />A<br />B<br />cats NOTdogs<br />
    • 13. Quotation Marks “ ”<br />Use quotation marks “ ” for phrase searching<br />Example:<br />code switching: 10,719 results<br /> “code switching”: 2572 results<br />Note:<br />Some databases treat adjacent words as separate words (AND),<br />while others treat them as phrase (“ ”)<br />
    • 14. Asterisk *<br />Use asterisk * for variant forms of a word &amp; variant spelling<br />Examples:<br />bilingual*= bilingual, bilinguals, bilingualism<br />colo*r = color, colour<br />Note:<br />Some databases use other symbols, e.g.: $, ?, !<br />
    • 15. Parentheses ( )<br />Use parentheses ( ) for grouping similar or related words<br />Example:<br />e.g. (language acquisition OR bilingualism) AND adults<br /> language acquisition AND adults<br /> bilingualism AND adults<br />
    • 16. Steps 1-3<br />
    • 17. Step 1: Identify Keywords<br />Topic:<br />Relationship between cognitive development and bilingualism in children<br />#1: cognitive development<br />#2: bilingual<br />#3: children<br />
    • 18. Step 2: List Synonyms &amp; Related Words<br />#1: cognitive development<br />#2: bilingual<br />#3: children<br /><ul><li>intellectual development
    • 19. psychological development
    • 20. second language
    • 21. toddlers
    • 22. preschoolers
    • 23. elementary school students</li></li></ul><li>Where to Find Synonyms<br />thesaurus:<br /><ul><li>print
    • 24. online e.g. www.thesaurus.com</li></ul>databases:<br /><ul><li>built-in thesaurus e.g. LLBA, PsycINFO
    • 25. subject headings, key concepts, descriptors</li></ul>articles, books, etc. on the same subject<br />
    • 26. Step 3: Create Search Statement<br />Topic:<br />Relationship between cognitive development and bilingualism in children<br />Search statement:<br />(cognitive development OR intellectual development OR mental development) AND (bilingual* OR second language) AND children<br />
    • 27. Databases<br />
    • 28. DB#1: LLBA<br />CSA Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts<br />&gt;2,000 journals, books, dissertations, book reviews<br />linguistics &amp; related disciplines in the language sciences<br />
    • 29. DB#1: LLBA<br />
    • 30.
    • 31.
    • 32. advanced search<br />e.g. thesaurus<br />field: keywords<br />
    • 33. sort by relevance or date<br />mark record to save, print or email<br />
    • 34. citation<br />check whether library subscribes to this journal volume &amp; issue by using LINC/LINC+ <br />
    • 35. DB#2: PsycINFO<br />psychology &amp; psychological aspects of related disciplines e.g. medicine, linguistics, business, etc.<br />about 98% of the journals are peer-reviewed<br />
    • 36. DB#2: PsycINFO Basic Search<br />Basic search:<br /><ul><li>accepts natural language
    • 37. do not use AND, OR, NOT, $, ( ), “ ”
    • 38. includes related terms will search for alternative words
    • 39. searches all fields</li></ul>limits<br />
    • 40. print, email or export citations<br />automatic ranking by relevance <br />related terms used<br />link to journal in LINC<br />no. of results<br />
    • 41. DB#2: PsycINFO Basic Search Relevance Ranking<br />
    • 42. DB#2: PsycINFO Multi-Field Search<br />Multi-Field search:<br /><ul><li>Can select different fields, e.g. abstract
    • 43. Can use $, “ ” </li></li></ul><li>automatic sorting by year <br />no. of results<br />
    • 44. DB#3: JSTOR<br />Full-text database for humanities and social sciences<br />back issues only<br />searching and browsing functions<br />
    • 45. DB#3: JSTOR<br />various ways of limiting, e.g. by type, date<br />Note: only about 10% of JSTOR articles have abstracts<br />
    • 46. click here to see the first page<br />download the PDF<br />
    • 47.
    • 48. DB#4: ERIC<br />educational-related literature, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education <br />books, conferences, government documents, theses, reports, etc.<br />available via CSA platform and http://www.eric.ed.gov<br />
    • 49. DB#4: ERIC<br />limit to elementary education<br />
    • 50. sort by relevance<br />full-text article<br />
    • 51.
    • 52. DB#5: Factiva<br />full-text articles from nearly 8,000 newspapers, newswires, magazines &amp; trade journals<br />no graphics and photographs<br />Straits Times: from 1989 onwards<br />
    • 53. DB#5: Factiva<br />go to search builder<br />put in your keywords <br />type Straits Times &amp; click on the button<br />select Publication: Straits Times <br />
    • 54. sort by date or relevance<br />mark to view on single page, email, print or save<br />
    • 55.
    • 56. Other Sources<br />Multi-disciplinary Databases<br />Arts &amp; Humanities Citation Index (via WOS)<br />Expanded Academic ASAP<br />PERIND<br />Periodicals Index Online<br />Project Muse<br />Proquest Dissertations &amp; Theses<br />Scopus<br />Other Newspaper Databases<br />LexisNexis Academic<br />NewspaperSG (1831-2006, watermarked)<br />Other E-Resources<br />Oxford English Dictionary<br />Websites<br />National Archives STARS(Speech Text Archival &amp; Retrieval System)<br />
    • 57. More…<br />
    • 58. Recap<br />use synonyms and related words<br />create search statement using keywords plus AND, OR, NOT, ( ), *, “ ”<br />select fields e.g. article title, abstract<br />limit search by type (article, books, reviews), date, peer-reviewed, etc<br />sort results by relevance<br />Quality (Relevance) vs. Quantity<br />
    • 59. Troubleshooting Search Results <br />You may encounter:<br />too many results use AND, more precise keywords<br />too few results  use OR, synonyms/related words<br />many irrelevant results  exclude keywords that are too general<br />no results  check spelling, use more OR &amp; synonyms, or redefine your research topic<br />If you need help, check with your professor or ask a librarian! <br />
    • 60. Evaluating Information Sources<br />authority: reputable publisher, society or organisation; author’s credentials &amp; institutional affiliation<br />accuracy: methods of research; means to verify data; support by references<br />objectivity: biasness<br />currency: up-to-date<br />scholarly: peer reviewed, cited<br />
    • 61. Appropriate Use<br /><ul><li>Library resources are mainly for your research and study
    • 62. Use them responsibly
    • 63. Observe copyright guidelines for photocopying and printing</li></ul> - 10% or 1 chapter of book<br /> - 1 article in a journal issue<br /><ul><li>Avoid excessive photocopying or downloading
    • 64. Copyright violations may have serious consequences</li></li></ul><li>Plagiarism<br />To avoid plagiarism:<br />Jot down your sources<br />Put all direct quotes in quotation marks, e.g.<br />“Both words and images can be evocative in their own ways and independent of each other” (Nikolajeva &amp; Scott, 2006, p. 2)<br />Indicate the source even when you paraphrase, e.g.<br />Vietnam is one of the region’s fastest growing economies (Rogers, 2008).<br />Create a reference/bibliography section, e.g. <br />Nikolajeva, M., &amp; Scott, C. (2006). How picturebooks work. New York: Routledge.<br />
    • 65. EndNote<br />A software that:<br />stores and organizes citations <br />inserts citations into a Word document<br />format references in a predefined citation style<br />For more info: http://libguides.nus.edu.sg/endnote<br />Technical queries (e.g. installation):<br />call IT Care at 6516 2080 or email itcare@nus.edu.sg<br />Watch EndNote video<br />
    • 66. Getting Help<br />
    • 67. Thank You!<br />Download the slides: http://bit.ly/elslides<br />
    • 68. Bonus<br />
    • 69. Google Scholar<br />aim: single search engine for scholarly literature <br />may include links to free PDF articles<br />good for quick research<br />However,<br />not all results come from scholarly sources<br />many link to publishers&apos; websites which require subscriber login<br />use the proxy bookmarkletto access full-texts<br />note: only for resources subscribed by NUS Libraries<br />guide to using bookmarklet<br />
    • 70. myLINC<br />
    • 71. myLINC<br />
    • 72. myLINC<br />
    • 73. myLINC<br />
    • 74. myLINC<br />
    • 75. myLINC<br />

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