Library Resources for EL3208

942 views
830 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
942
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
20
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Research is iterative, not instantaneous!
  • results from Using JSTOR
  • Library Resources for EL3208

    1. 1. Library Resources for EL3208 Bilingualism <br />Ruby Seng<br />Resource Librarian (ELL)<br />rubyseng@nus.edu.sg<br />
    2. 2. Outline<br />Introduction<br />Advanced searching techniques<br />Steps 1-3<br />Databases<br />More…<br />
    3. 3. Introduction<br />
    4. 4. The Research Process<br />List synonyms, related words & variant spellings<br />Identify main keywords<br />Create search statement<br />Search for sources using LINC+/LINC & databases <br />Topic<br />Complete your assignment<br />Get more sources by checking references<br />no<br />yes<br />Are there enough? Evaluate quality, currency, relevance, etc.<br />
    5. 5. Information Sources <br />Books<br />Journal articles<br />Conference papers <br />Newspapers<br />Theses & dissertations<br />Primary sources<br />Internet <br />
    6. 6. Finding Citations<br />I want to find journal articles/book chapters on a topic.<br />
    7. 7. Finding Citations: Use Databases<br />Method 1: browse databases by subject<br />Method 2: search by name of database e.g. LLBA<br />Note: Most databases do not have full-text articles<br />
    8. 8. Finding Full-text Articles<br />I have the citation and need the full-text article.<br />
    9. 9. Finding Full-text: Use LINC or LINC+<br />
    10. 10. Finding Full-text: LINC Journal Search<br />E-journal publishers/ providers<br />our subscription<br />latest issue In Current Journals<br />click for complete listing of volumes in Bound Journals and Closed Stacks<br />search for specific volume or year<br />
    11. 11. Advanced Searching Techniques<br />
    12. 12. Boolean Operators: AND, OR, NOT<br />AND: both terms must be present <br /> fewer results<br />OR: either terms may be present <br /> more results<br />3. NOT/AND NOT: exclude a term<br />use with caution<br />A<br />B<br />cats ANDdogs<br />A<br />B<br />cats ORdogs<br />A<br />B<br />cats NOTdogs<br />
    13. 13. Quotation Marks “ ”<br />Use quotation marks “ ” for phrase searching<br />Example:<br />code switching: 10,719 results<br /> “code switching”: 2572 results<br />Note:<br />Some databases treat adjacent words as separate words (AND),<br />while others treat them as phrase (“ ”)<br />
    14. 14. Asterisk *<br />Use asterisk * for variant forms of a word & variant spelling<br />Examples:<br />bilingual*= bilingual, bilinguals, bilingualism<br />colo*r = color, colour<br />Note:<br />Some databases use other symbols, e.g.: $, ?, !<br />
    15. 15. Parentheses ( )<br />Use parentheses ( ) for grouping similar or related words<br />Example:<br />e.g. (language acquisition OR bilingualism) AND adults<br /> language acquisition AND adults<br /> bilingualism AND adults<br />
    16. 16. Steps 1-3<br />
    17. 17. Step 1: Identify Keywords<br />Topic:<br />Relationship between cognitive development and bilingualism in children<br />#1: cognitive development<br />#2: bilingual<br />#3: children<br />
    18. 18. Step 2: List Synonyms & Related Words<br />#1: cognitive development<br />#2: bilingual<br />#3: children<br /><ul><li>intellectual development
    19. 19. psychological development
    20. 20. second language
    21. 21. toddlers
    22. 22. preschoolers
    23. 23. elementary school students</li></li></ul><li>Where to Find Synonyms<br />thesaurus:<br /><ul><li>print
    24. 24. online e.g. www.thesaurus.com</li></ul>databases:<br /><ul><li>built-in thesaurus e.g. LLBA, PsycINFO
    25. 25. subject headings, key concepts, descriptors</li></ul>articles, books, etc. on the same subject<br />
    26. 26. Step 3: Create Search Statement<br />Topic:<br />Relationship between cognitive development and bilingualism in children<br />Search statement:<br />(cognitive development OR intellectual development OR mental development) AND (bilingual* OR second language) AND children<br />
    27. 27. Databases<br />
    28. 28. DB#1: LLBA<br />CSA Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts<br />>2,000 journals, books, dissertations, book reviews<br />linguistics & related disciplines in the language sciences<br />
    29. 29. DB#1: LLBA<br />
    30. 30.
    31. 31.
    32. 32. advanced search<br />e.g. thesaurus<br />field: keywords<br />
    33. 33. sort by relevance or date<br />mark record to save, print or email<br />
    34. 34. citation<br />check whether library subscribes to this journal volume & issue by using LINC/LINC+ <br />
    35. 35. DB#2: PsycINFO<br />psychology & psychological aspects of related disciplines e.g. medicine, linguistics, business, etc.<br />about 98% of the journals are peer-reviewed<br />
    36. 36. DB#2: PsycINFO Basic Search<br />Basic search:<br /><ul><li>accepts natural language
    37. 37. do not use AND, OR, NOT, $, ( ), “ ”
    38. 38. includes related terms will search for alternative words
    39. 39. searches all fields</li></ul>limits<br />
    40. 40. print, email or export citations<br />automatic ranking by relevance <br />related terms used<br />link to journal in LINC<br />no. of results<br />
    41. 41. DB#2: PsycINFO Basic Search Relevance Ranking<br />
    42. 42. DB#2: PsycINFO Multi-Field Search<br />Multi-Field search:<br /><ul><li>Can select different fields, e.g. abstract
    43. 43. Can use $, “ ” </li></li></ul><li>automatic sorting by year <br />no. of results<br />
    44. 44. DB#3: JSTOR<br />Full-text database for humanities and social sciences<br />back issues only<br />searching and browsing functions<br />
    45. 45. DB#3: JSTOR<br />various ways of limiting, e.g. by type, date<br />Note: only about 10% of JSTOR articles have abstracts<br />
    46. 46. click here to see the first page<br />download the PDF<br />
    47. 47.
    48. 48. DB#4: ERIC<br />educational-related literature, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education <br />books, conferences, government documents, theses, reports, etc.<br />available via CSA platform and http://www.eric.ed.gov<br />
    49. 49. DB#4: ERIC<br />limit to elementary education<br />
    50. 50. sort by relevance<br />full-text article<br />
    51. 51.
    52. 52. DB#5: Factiva<br />full-text articles from nearly 8,000 newspapers, newswires, magazines & trade journals<br />no graphics and photographs<br />Straits Times: from 1989 onwards<br />
    53. 53. DB#5: Factiva<br />go to search builder<br />put in your keywords <br />type Straits Times & click on the button<br />select Publication: Straits Times <br />
    54. 54. sort by date or relevance<br />mark to view on single page, email, print or save<br />
    55. 55.
    56. 56. Other Sources<br />Multi-disciplinary Databases<br />Arts & Humanities Citation Index (via WOS)<br />Expanded Academic ASAP<br />PERIND<br />Periodicals Index Online<br />Project Muse<br />Proquest Dissertations & Theses<br />Scopus<br />Other Newspaper Databases<br />LexisNexis Academic<br />NewspaperSG (1831-2006, watermarked)<br />Other E-Resources<br />Oxford English Dictionary<br />Websites<br />National Archives STARS(Speech Text Archival & Retrieval System)<br />
    57. 57. More…<br />
    58. 58. Recap<br />use synonyms and related words<br />create search statement using keywords plus AND, OR, NOT, ( ), *, “ ”<br />select fields e.g. article title, abstract<br />limit search by type (article, books, reviews), date, peer-reviewed, etc<br />sort results by relevance<br />Quality (Relevance) vs. Quantity<br />
    59. 59. Troubleshooting Search Results <br />You may encounter:<br />too many results use AND, more precise keywords<br />too few results  use OR, synonyms/related words<br />many irrelevant results  exclude keywords that are too general<br />no results  check spelling, use more OR & synonyms, or redefine your research topic<br />If you need help, check with your professor or ask a librarian! <br />
    60. 60. Evaluating Information Sources<br />authority: reputable publisher, society or organisation; author’s credentials & institutional affiliation<br />accuracy: methods of research; means to verify data; support by references<br />objectivity: biasness<br />currency: up-to-date<br />scholarly: peer reviewed, cited<br />
    61. 61. Appropriate Use<br /><ul><li>Library resources are mainly for your research and study
    62. 62. Use them responsibly
    63. 63. Observe copyright guidelines for photocopying and printing</li></ul> - 10% or 1 chapter of book<br /> - 1 article in a journal issue<br /><ul><li>Avoid excessive photocopying or downloading
    64. 64. Copyright violations may have serious consequences</li></li></ul><li>Plagiarism<br />To avoid plagiarism:<br />Jot down your sources<br />Put all direct quotes in quotation marks, e.g.<br />“Both words and images can be evocative in their own ways and independent of each other” (Nikolajeva & Scott, 2006, p. 2)<br />Indicate the source even when you paraphrase, e.g.<br />Vietnam is one of the region’s fastest growing economies (Rogers, 2008).<br />Create a reference/bibliography section, e.g. <br />Nikolajeva, M., & Scott, C. (2006). How picturebooks work. New York: Routledge.<br />
    65. 65. EndNote<br />A software that:<br />stores and organizes citations <br />inserts citations into a Word document<br />format references in a predefined citation style<br />For more info: http://libguides.nus.edu.sg/endnote<br />Technical queries (e.g. installation):<br />call IT Care at 6516 2080 or email itcare@nus.edu.sg<br />Watch EndNote video<br />
    66. 66. Getting Help<br />
    67. 67. Thank You!<br />Download the slides: http://bit.ly/elslides<br />
    68. 68. Bonus<br />
    69. 69. Google Scholar<br />aim: single search engine for scholarly literature <br />may include links to free PDF articles<br />good for quick research<br />However,<br />not all results come from scholarly sources<br />many link to publishers' websites which require subscriber login<br />use the proxy bookmarkletto access full-texts<br />note: only for resources subscribed by NUS Libraries<br />guide to using bookmarklet<br />
    70. 70. myLINC<br />
    71. 71. myLINC<br />
    72. 72. myLINC<br />
    73. 73. myLINC<br />
    74. 74. myLINC<br />
    75. 75. myLINC<br />

    ×