Two-tier (Level 1 and 2) changed to Three-tier (Level 1 until 3)
Just a glance...types of national development plans
Example of one metropolitan where it is designed to be ‘smart’
Aed1313 ibe week 5 urp
AED1313: Intro. To Built Environment
Urban & Regional PlanningUrban & Regional Planning
Part I: The beginnings of planning &
Part II: Overview of URP
Part III: Planners’ Role in Built Environment
Part IV: URP in Malaysia
Part V: Sustainable Planning
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN, CENTRE FOR
FOUNDATION STUDIES, IIUM, PETALING JAYA
The city can be a centre of industry, trade, education, orgovernment orall of those activities.
The large community
came about as a result
of the growth of crops
and the breeding of
animals on a
The production of
could be stored
from year to
in the west, rice
in the orient).
The ability to
made it possible
to diversify into
The development of a
provided employment in a
variety of forms, and this
brought about the
enlargement of villages or
hamlets into towns and
The word city implies a
large concentration of
people in a given
geographic area who
support themselves from
the economic activities of
How Urbanism begins?
Coined after the organization of the city
Namely, they are:
Grid: Greek cities
Linear: cities along the river or sea
Radial: Garden movement
Nucleus/ centralized: business area as the core
Types of City Plan
Overview of the urban & regional
What is planning?
Systematic, creative way to influence and
respond to a wide variety of changes occurring
in a neighborhood, in a city, in an entire region,
or around the world.
A process for determining future appropriate
actions to achieve a goal or a series of goals
through a sequence of actions.
What is planning?
It requires and taking account:
all aspects and implications of the physical
development of land
Prime concern: PEOPLE and the
relationship with the built environment
EVERYONE is involved!
Why do we need to plan?
A well-balanced life
In terms of Urban and Regional planning:
To fulfill the societal, economical and environmental
Provide healthy environment (social interaction, sufficient
facilities, condusive area for living)
Safety and security
Functional Central Business District (CBD)
To achieve a sustainable development
Sequence of actions which are designed to
solve problems in the future.
Formulation of vision and objectives as the
guide to the whole process.
Data collection and analysis is important
stage where studies are being carried out by
socioeconomic (population, income level)
infrastructure (water and drainage system, roads,
public facilities (public hall, school, etc)
Identification of problem
Formulation of visions and objectives
Identification of issues and
The projection of the future
The generation and
evaluation of alternative
courses of action (plan)
The production of preferred plan
Data collection and analysis
Flowchart of the
The organization of all elements of a town or
other urban environment.
The art and the science of ordering the land-
uses and buildings siting and communication
routes so as to secure the maximum level of
economy, convenience and beauty (Keeble,
management -of existing- and the development
-of proposed- urban and rural areas in order to
protect and best serve the present and future
Takes all aspects of a city into consideration.
It includes plans for safety, aesthetics and common
sense placement of everything from houses to
factories = ZONING
All planning issues deal with conflicting demands =
a planner has:
to analyze and understand these demands and to
advise on the best options.
to undertake comprehensive appraisals and detailed
analysis of all problems related to the physical
environment, and offer planning solutions to the
to anticipate future population growth and planning
ahead of time for such growth in all sectors from public
Land Use Planning
Process of organizing, managing, and
regulating the use of lands and their resources
to meet the socio-economic development of the
country whilst safeguarding the environment
taking into account the land’s natural capacities
Essential in physical environmental
management and biodiversity conservation.
conserving the environment.
managing the population demand for resources wisely
The process whereby a local planning authority
decides whether a planning application meets the
requirements of planning policy, particularly as
set out in development plans.
means by which planners enhance and protect our
environment whilst at the same time allow the
development necessary for our economic and social well
being to take place in an acceptable manner.
relies on the "plan-led system" whereby Development
Plans are formed and the public consulted. Subsequent
development requires Planning permission, which will be granted or refused with
reference to the Development Plan
done to prevent or minimize any potentially negative
impacts from the development.
The planners’ role in the built
Nigel Ashton (1911-2008) … a hand in much of Sydney's
referee or judge whose duty is to resolve conflicts between various
interest groups involved in the built environment, enforce rules and
impose controls in order to ensure that towns and cities develop
logically and conveniently.
use technical expertise to predict future population growth,
employment trends, car ownership and other variables
essential companion to realistic
involves the allocation of scarce
resources, that is, urban land,
goods and services, and is
therefore seen as an aspect of
given increased powers to assess the
environmental impact of new
a requirement stipulated in the
Environmental Quality Act 1974.
Town Planning Officer
Corporate Town Planner
Town Planning Consultant orAdviser
Specialist in the field of CADD,GIS…
Environmental Planner& Others
URP in Malaysia
Planning in Malaysia started in the British era.
Responsible body: Sanitary Board
Today: Jabatan Perancangan Bandar& Desa (JPBD)
or Town & Country Planning Board
Its responsibilities are:
To monitor and supervise the planning of an area
Encourage public participation (Seranta)
To prepare guidelines and regulation:
Town & Country Planning (TCP) Act
National Physical Plan
Doktrin Perancangan & Pembangunan Sejagat (DPPS)
URP in Malaysia
Town and Country Planning (TCP) Act 1976
introduced a uniformsystemof town and country planning in Peninsular
involves regulating the use and development of land in the public interest
through two ways:
The 1976 Act was amended in 1995 through the Town and Country
Planning (Amendment) Act 1995 (Act A933) revised format for the
development plan hierarchy.
The two-tiersystem (Structure & Local Plan) now becomes a three-tier
system with a series of plans that covers the nation, the individual states
and the districts.
This amendment emphasized environmental management in planning,
such as conservation of topographical features and trees.
Source: "Report on the 2008 National Spatial Policy Seminar"
National and Regional Planning Bureau, MLIT, Japan
Urban Planning in Malaysia
Public participation orSeranta
Telling the community on the planning or
development projects in their place
Major exercise: Public exhibition
Stated in TCPAct 172
Mandatory during the formulation stage of a
development plan and after a draft plan is
Between 1985 to 2000, a total of 106 Structure
Plans has been prepared and exhibited to the
MIP(Malaysian Institute of Planners)
“ to pro m o te the scie nce and art o f To wn
Planning fo r the be ne fit o f the public… ”
Public exhibition forKuala LumpurStructure Plan 2020Public exhibition forKuala LumpurStructure Plan 2020
“That which ensures the needs of the present are met
without compromising the ability of future generations to
United Nations global summit on the environment and development in
Rio de Janeiro 1992
integrate consideration of healthy natural,
social and economic systems and the well
being of future generations into decision-
Comprises of several concepts:
Sustainable Urban Infrastructure
mixed use developments.
Restrictions on suburban design forms
as detached houses and surface parking.
inclusion of parks and recreational areas.
designed to maximize access to public
transport, and mixed-use/compact
neighborhoods tend to use transit at all
times of the day
Pedestrian and bicycle-friendly
‘New Pedestrianism’ at a street in the
renewed city center of Radovish, Republic of
Macedonia: Pedestrians are dominant, but
there is also place for cars (parked on the
Principles of New Urbanism
Could be applied to any scale of projects.
Branching from Smart Growth
There are 10 principles:
Mixed use and diversity
Quality architecture and urban design
Traditional neighborhood structure
Quality of life