Aed 1313 ibe-wk 1

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Aed 1313 ibe-wk 1

  1. 1. AED 1313 Semester 1 2013/2014 INTRODUCTION TO BUILT ENVIRONMENT Compiled by DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN (AED) CENTRE FOR FOUNDATION STUDIES (CFS) INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA
  2. 2. CONTENTS WEEK 1  Definitions of terms  Natural Environment  Built Environment  Environmental Design  Environmental design components  What and who are involved in shaping the built environment  Factors affecting the shape and design of the built environment  Overview of the construction industry and the professions  Definition  Types of professions
  3. 3. DEFINITION OF TERMS NATURAL ENVIRONMENTNATURAL ENVIRONMENT Consists of natural biologicalnatural biological communitiescommunities i.e. naturally occurring species of flora and fauna, that are able to maintain themselves andable to maintain themselves and their abiotictheir abiotic (non-living components) environment.
  4. 4. DEFINITION OF TERMS – cont. BUILT ENVIRONMENTBUILT ENVIRONMENT Built environmentBuilt environment refers to the manmademanmade surroundings that provide the setting for humansurroundings that provide the setting for human activity and livingactivity and living i.e. personal spaces from skyscrapers to private houses. These are arranged, designed and maintained to fulfill: human purpose/ needs, wants andto fulfill: human purpose/ needs, wants and valuesvalues. The design and arrangement also considering Surrounding context, topography, vegetation And habitat.
  5. 5. DEFINITION OF TERMS –cont. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGNENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN The science of understanding andThe science of understanding and shaping the environment throughshaping the environment through renewed awareness of ecology.renewed awareness of ecology. The study of the interactions of organismsinteractions of organisms and their environmentand their environment. The applied disciplines (e.g. the design and planning fields) are included in the general field of “Environmental Design”.
  6. 6. NATURAL AND MAN-MADE ENVIRONMENT Natural BiologicalNatural Biological CommunitiesCommunities • Self-regulating mechanisms • Complex environment • Less synthetic • Heterogeneity -biotic/abiotic Man-madeMan-made CommunitiesCommunities • Man-made mechanisms (heating, cooling, ventilation) • Simple environment • More synthetic • Homogenized - biotic/abiotic
  7. 7. Any form of design that minimizesdesign that minimizes environmentally disruptive impactsenvironmentally disruptive impacts by integrating itself with living processes. This integration implies that the design respectsdesign respects:  species diversity,species diversity,  minimizes resourceminimizes resource depletion,depletion,  preserves nutrient and waterpreserves nutrient and water cycles,cycles,  maintains habitat quality,maintains habitat quality, andand  attends to all the otherattends to all the other preconditions of human andpreconditions of human and well-being of ecosystemwell-being of ecosystem ECOLOGICAL DESIGN
  8. 8. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COMPONENTS It consists of 7 major components: 1. PRODUCTS 2. INTERIORS 3. STRUCTURES 4. LANDSCAPES 5. CITIES 6. REGIONS 7. EARTH Interrelations between components are very important to the formulation of the Built Environment. Integration of the disciplines within the components are crucial, i.e. collaboration of various professions KLIA Kuala Lumpur
  9. 9. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COMPONENTS PRODUCTSPRODUCTS Any man made objects purpose to serve functions and human needs for living. Factor such as accessibility, comfort, aesthetic, cultural and style influenced the varieties of production.
  10. 10. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COMPONENTS INTERIORSINTERIORS A space defined by anspace defined by an arranged grouping of productsarranged grouping of products and within the enclosure of aand within the enclosure of a structurestructure; generally created to enhance activities, serveenhance activities, serve functions and mediate externalfunctions and mediate external factorsfactors (living room, work rooms, private rooms, stadiums, etc.)
  11. 11. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COMPONENTS A planned grouping of spacesspaces defined by and construction ofdefined by and construction of productsproducts forms.  Generally combining related activities into composite structures (building, highways, bridges, tunnels, etc.)  Structures have both, internal spacesinternal spaces and external formand external form characteristics. STRUCTURESSTRUCTURES
  12. 12. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COMPONENTS LANDSCAPESLANDSCAPES Exterior spaces and or setting forExterior spaces and or setting for planned grouping of structures andplanned grouping of structures and spaces blend with surroundingspaces blend with surrounding natural conditions.natural conditions. (courtyard, malls, parks, landscapes, sites for home and other structures, farm, countryside, national forest)
  13. 13. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COMPONENTS CITIESCITIES Grouping of structures or landscape ofGrouping of structures or landscape of varying sizes and complexities in a certainvarying sizes and complexities in a certain boundaries of district, state or regionboundaries of district, state or region.  Generally clustered together to define aclustered together to define a community for economic, social ,community for economic, social , cultural and environmental reasonscultural and environmental reasons (Subdivisions, neighborhood, villages or town and cities of varying sizes)
  14. 14. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COMPONENTS REGIONSREGIONS Grouping of cities and landscapes ofGrouping of cities and landscapes of various sizes and complexitiesvarious sizes and complexities. Generally stand by its own boundary defined by common political, social,defined by common political, social, economic and environmentaleconomic and environmental characteristiccharacteristic (the surrounding region of a city, a state , a country continent).
  15. 15. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN COMPONENTS EARTHEARTH All of the above & others directly and indirectly related in shaping the environment.
  16. 16. CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRYCONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DEFINITIONS  CONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTION Process of building or assembling infrastructure which relate to various fields such as Architecture and civil engineering.  INDUSTRYINDUSTRY Includes a wide range of integratedrange of integrated professions who construct, alter, refurbishprofessions who construct, alter, refurbish (renew) and repair a wide range of building(renew) and repair a wide range of building and civil engineering structures.
  17. 17. CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY – cont.CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY – cont. Construction is divided into 2 major areas ,namely building & civilbuilding & civil engineering :engineering :  BuildingBuilding- shelter,  Civil engineeringCivil engineering – essential services to make buildings operative e.g. railways, roads, reservoirs, waste water systems, power stations, harbors, dams.
  18. 18. COMPONENT IN CONSTRUCTIONCOMPONENT IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRYINDUSTRY Construction is divided into 3 major components: 1.Design and development. -Planning, design, and development of construction. -Planning, Architecture, Interior Architecture, Landscape Architecture. 2. Specialist design/Enrichment of design factor. -Aesthetic, value, innovation. -Industrial design, conservation. 3. Construction management. -Manage cost, time and quality from start till end of construction. -Quantity Surveyor, contractor, supplier.
  19. 19. PROFESSIONS -PlanningPROFESSIONS -Planning REGIONSREGIONS REGIONAL PLANNERSREGIONAL PLANNERS Planners (urban & regional) are concerned with issues that affect the world - the preservation andpreservation and enhancement of the quality of lifeenhancement of the quality of life in a community, the protection ofin a community, the protection of the environment, the promotion ofthe environment, the promotion of equitable economic opportunity,equitable economic opportunity, and the management of growthand the management of growth and change of all kinds.
  20. 20. PROFESSIONS – PlanningPROFESSIONS – Planning CITIESCITIES URBAN DESIGNERS AND PLANNERSURBAN DESIGNERS AND PLANNERS Professional who works in the field of urbanurban planning for the purpose of maximizing theplanning for the purpose of maximizing the effectiveness of a community's land useeffectiveness of a community's land use and infrastructureand infrastructure. They formulate plans for the developmentplans for the development and management of urban and suburbanand management of urban and suburban areasareas, typically analyzing land use compatibility as well as economic, environmental and social trends.
  21. 21. PROFESSIONS – Design developmentPROFESSIONS – Design development STRUCTURESSTRUCTURES ARCHITECTSARCHITECTS An architect is trained and licensed intrained and licensed in planning and designing buildingsplanning and designing buildings, and participates in supervising the construction of a building. ENGINEERSENGINEERS Profession of applying technical, scientificapplying technical, scientific and mathematical knowledge in order toand mathematical knowledge in order to use natural laws and physical resources touse natural laws and physical resources to help designhelp design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes. (Civil & Structural, Mechanical, Electrical)
  22. 22. INTERIORSINTERIORS INTERIOR ARCHITECTSINTERIOR ARCHITECTS A profession concerned with anything that is built inside a spaceanything that is built inside a space - walls, windows, doors, finishes, textures, light, furnishings and furniture. All of these elements are used by interior designers to develop a functional, safe, and aestheticallyfunctional, safe, and aesthetically pleasing spacepleasing space for a building's user. PROFESSIONS – Design DevelopmentPROFESSIONS – Design Development
  23. 23. PROFESSIONS – Design DevelopmentPROFESSIONS – Design Development LANDSCAPELANDSCAPE LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT ANDLANDSCAPE ARCHITECT AND PLANNERSPLANNERS A profession involving in the planning,planning, design of an exterior landscape ordesign of an exterior landscape or space.space.
  24. 24. PROFESSIONS- Specialist DesignPROFESSIONS- Specialist Design PRODUCTPRODUCT PRODUCT DESIGNERSPRODUCT DESIGNERS The role of a product designer encompasses many characteristics of the marketing manager, product manager, industrial designer and design engineer. INDUSTRIAL DESIGNERSINDUSTRIAL DESIGNERS The role of an Industrial Designer is to create and execute design solutionscreate and execute design solutions towards problems of form, usability, user ergonomics, engineering, marketing, brand development and sales.
  25. 25. PROFESSIONS – Specialist DesignPROFESSIONS – Specialist Design CONSERVATIONCONSERVATION CONSERVATORCONSERVATOR A profession which responsible to conserve and preserve existing entity (building/artifacts/natural heritage) which have its own historical, cultural and heritage identity to the nation.
  26. 26. PROFESSIONS – ManagementPROFESSIONS – Management QUANTITY SURVEYORS (QS)QUANTITY SURVEYORS (QS) Professional person working within the construction industry. The role of the QS, in general terms, is to manage and control contracts andmanage and control contracts and costs within construction projectscosts within construction projects. CONTRACTORSCONTRACTORS An independent contractor is a natural person, business, ornatural person, business, or corporation which provides goods orcorporation which provides goods or services to another entityservices to another entity under terms specified in a contract or within a verbal agreement.
  27. 27. PROFESSIONS – ManagementPROFESSIONS – Management PROJECT MANAGERSPROJECT MANAGERS A project manager is a professional in the field of project managementproject management. Project managers can have the responsibility of the planning,planning, execution, and closing of any projectexecution, and closing of any project, typically relating to construction industry.
  28. 28. STAKEHOLDERSSTAKEHOLDERS AUTHORITIES.AUTHORITIES. • Local Bodies which own or giving any approval for constructed project for the interest of nation in term of safety, health and accessibility. • Contribute fund as the owner of the project. • Government or state authorities. • Department relate to government sector or ministry.
  29. 29. EARTH DAY Celebrated on April 22, Earth Day reminds people to care for and protect the world in which we live. The history of Earth Day started in the early 1960s, by U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson who became concerned about the environment. The 1st Earth day was celebrated on 22nd April 1970 in United States and from then, Earth Day has became an international observance. People all over the world have recognized that the planet needs their help, and they are working to make Earth a safer,
  30. 30. NATURAL DISASTER- Tsunami Natural disaster – Tsunami, el- Nino, La Nina. Influenced by countless variables, including variations in earth’s orbit, the strength of ocean currents, and possible human influences on the environment. National Geographic, vol 195, no 3 March 1999.
  31. 31. Flash Flood Due to uncertain condition of rain, uncontrolled development, (planning setback, green area and poor drainage system.
  32. 32. Land erosion Uncontrolled development especially at hillside, trees and improper land cutting have disturbed the stability of soil and cause land erosion which create disaster and impact to surrounding impact. Bukit Antarabangsa, Ampang. Dec 6, 2008
  33. 33. Structural stability Highland Tower Tragedy 11 Dec,1993. Uncontrolled development, improper method of construction and ignorance of natural composition of land condition created internal land erosion and slowly effected the structural stability of building’s foundation.

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