Newcastle on inclusion for children with disabilities


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How do you build a bridge between children and young people who are labelled by their disabilities into the centre of community life? How do you build hospitable communities where such bridge building is common place? These are the questions we address in this presentation through the lens of Asset Based Community Development.

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  • Is the solution to the current crisis to found in reflecting on how to save our services? Are service not like lighthouses? Instead of bemoaning the fact that we cannot create centres of excellence anymore, maybe we should be thinking about how we can support more communities of belonging, instead of reflecting on the future of our centres maybe we do need to go out to sea
  • And what might strengths based thinking and ABCD have to offer???
  • In our work on the ground we see the need based approach applied not just applied to individuals but also to communities
  • Like this man we need to know what we have within and around us before we can meaningfully leverage in what we need from outside. And by meaningfully I mean securing what need while not paying with our autonomy, belonging or sense of competence.
  • The asset based approach starts with a focus on the strengths it recognises the truth that the map is not the territory and that the glass is both half full and half empty at the same time
  • Newcastle on inclusion for children with disabilities

    1. 1. Changing the Narrative on Inclusion for Children with Disabilities in Newcastle-upon-Tyne , Cormac Russell
    2. 2. Why the shift? Why the shift?
    3. 3. Social inclusion? Where it matters? Participation Friendship Intimacy Economic Exchange
    4. 4. Full circles indicate capacity to deal with life and are a powerful measure of health in our society.
    5. 5. Spot the difference?
    6. 8. My Vision <ul><li>Kevin Russell </li></ul>
    7. 9. My Good Life <ul><li>Real friends </li></ul><ul><li>A relationship like Cormac has </li></ul><ul><li>A real job </li></ul><ul><li>Enough money to do the things I like </li></ul>
    8. 10. My Good Life begins at Home <ul><li>No 27 Ballykeeffe Estate, Dooradoyle, Limerick. </li></ul><ul><li>I live at home with my wonderful Mom and Dad </li></ul><ul><li>I am a proud Limerick </li></ul><ul><li>man </li></ul>
    9. 13. Roles for Individuals: <ul><li>Leader – someone that can bring people together to work on an issue </li></ul><ul><li>Gift Giver – a person that is willing to contribute their asset to work on an issue. </li></ul><ul><li>Invisible Person – a person that has not yet been “discovered” or been convinced to use their assets to help achieve their dreams for or fix their concerns in the neighborhood. </li></ul>
    10. 14. Roles for Individuals <ul><li>Connector – an individual that is good at discovering what people care about and where their assets can be used. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gift centered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well connected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trusted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believe they are welcome </li></ul></ul>
    11. 15. 5 Assets in Asset Based Community Development <ul><li>CITIZENS </li></ul><ul><li>ASSOCIATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>INSTITUTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>LAND </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMY </li></ul>
    12. 16. Individual <ul><li>Asset Based Community Development says that “people are the answer” the focus is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>finding who has what assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how to connect assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how to get people to contribute their assets to help solve problems </li></ul></ul>
    13. 17. Social Services vs. ABCD <ul><li>The major difference between the social services model of looking at people and the ABCD model can be summed up as how each looks at the “individual” </li></ul>
    14. 18. Social Services model <ul><li>the Social Services model says – we are clients (someone who is controlled) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We are deficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We need to be fixed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are dependent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The agency can fix us -- if we listen to them </li></ul></ul>
    15. 19. Asset Based CD model <ul><li>The Asset Based CD model says – we are citizens (someone that contributes to the community) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We can all make a contribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community can take pride in itself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local relationships are important and improved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are the answer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are equal with others – we work together </li></ul></ul>
    16. 20. Effective Communities <ul><li>Look inside first to solve problems </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships are seen as power </li></ul><ul><li>Have a good sense of assets and capacities, not just needs </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders open doors </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens are involved </li></ul><ul><li>People take responsibility </li></ul>
    17. 21. Associations, Local Government, Business & People
    18. 22. Power to Change “ Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has .” Margaret Mead
    19. 23. Neighborhoods Needs Map Graffiti Environmental pollution Unemployment Gangs Literacy challenges Early School Leaving Broken Families Poor Housing Joy riding Drug Dealing Crime Disability
    20. 24. Consequences of the Power of the “Needs Map” <ul><li>Internalizations of the “deficiencies” identified by local residents </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction of social capital </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforcement of narrow categorical funding flows </li></ul><ul><li>Direction of funds toward professional helpers, not residents </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on “leaders” who magnify deficiencies </li></ul><ul><li>Rewards failure, produces dependency </li></ul><ul><li>Creates hopelessness </li></ul>
    21. 25. ‘ You can’t know what you need, till you know what you have…’
    22. 26. A Sample Community Asset Map Individuals Gifts, Skills, Capacities, Knowledge and Traits of Youth Older Adults Artists People with Disabilities Students Parents Entrepreneurs Activists Institutions Schools Universities Community Colleges Police Departments Hospitals Libraries Social Service Agencies Non Profits Museums Fire Departments Foundations Physical Space Gardens Parks Playgrounds Parking Lots Walking Paths Forests/Forest Preserves Picnic Areas Campsites Fishing Spots Stories Of background and personal history Of what you like to do and contribute Of existing and ongoing skills and capacities Of successful community development Of economic growth Of addressing discrimination Of including those who are marginalized Of recognizing the value of everyone Of a time when you or your group felt appreciated and valued Of a time the community was at its best Local Economy For-Profit Businesses Consumer Expenditures Merchants Chamber of Commerce Business Associations Banks Foundations Institutional-Purchasing Power and Personnel Micro enterprises Local Coops Corporations and Branches Animal Care Groups Anti Crime Groups Residents Assoc Business Organizations Charitable Groups Civic Events Groups Cultural Groups Education Groups Elderly Groups Environmental Groups Family Support Groups Health Advocacy and Fitness Groups Heritage Groups Hobby and Collectors Groups Men’s Groups Mentoring Groups Mutual Support Groups Neighborhood Improvement Groups Political Organizations Recreation Groups Religious Groups Service Clubs Social Groups Union Groups Women’s Groups Youth Groups Associations My Community My Community
    23. 30. Development trends <ul><li>Do development to the people </li></ul><ul><li>Do development for the people </li></ul><ul><li>Do development through the people    </li></ul><ul><li>Do development with the people </li></ul><ul><li>Developing local capacity for self-development </li></ul>
    24. 31. Twelve Guiding Principles for Community Development: ABCD in Action <ul><li>Everyone has gifts </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships build a community </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens at the center </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders involve others as active members of the community </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone cares about something </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation to act </li></ul><ul><li>Listening conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Asking questions rather than giving answers invites stronger participation </li></ul><ul><li>Ask, ask, ask </li></ul><ul><li>A citizen centered organization is the key to community engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions have reached their limits in problem-solving </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions as servants </li></ul>
    25. 32. Person Centered Work The move is from services to clients to supports for citizens Community Centered Work Inclusion
    26. 33. Reflection points <ul><li>What is your organization’s relationship to community residents? How accountable is your organization to the people and community it serves? </li></ul><ul><li>How does your work foster communication and relationship-building among the people you serve and residents in your community? </li></ul><ul><li>How does your service define and engage constituents? What power do they have? </li></ul><ul><li>How does your service strengthen community relationships and social capital? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do to make your service more asset-based? </li></ul>
    27. 34. Tips on Working with Neighborhoods Ways that inhibit engagement How we work differently with neighborhoods and residents We know who to contact by position We have to research who to contact (sometimes it is not obvious) We give them timelines and deadlines We ask them to give us a reasonable time frame We write things up – give them memos and job descriptions We meet with them and have face to face conversations (preferably in their community) We often take the lead in projects We need to allow the neighborhood to lead us We set up meetings during the day We go to meetings at nights or on the weekends and when appropriate help to figure out childcare and transportation
    28. 35. Tips (cont.) Adapted from Untied Way of Metro Atlanta We offer a list of possible roles for our organization We ask how our organization can be most helpful We use our leadership structure to help us make relationships We look to current relationships to help introduce us into new communities We manage projects We negotiate our role, offer suggestions and learn to be flexible We reach our objectives in a way that is most efficient We follow the lead of residents with patience, as work takes much longer, is not efficient, often involves several players and lots of twists and turns We assume authority is in the person with positional power Authority rests in the one with the most relationships
    29. 36. Tools for asset based change
    30. 37. How can we make this happen? <ul><li>Appreciative Inquiry/Learning circles </li></ul><ul><li>One-on-one learning conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Asset Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Matching Grants </li></ul>
    31. 38. The 5 Ds Process of Strength Based Community Work D1- DISCOVER D2 - DREAM D3-DESIGN D1- We have done it before. D2 – We have a vision for our future. D3 – We agree on what could be done. D4 – We have a list of our resources to draw from. D5 – action plan & start implementing it. D5 – DELIVER/DO IT D4 -DEFINE
    32. 39. Untapped potential……
    33. 40. Asset Mapping <ul><li>Individuals have: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gifts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dreams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hopes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fears </li></ul></ul>
    34. 41. Personal “assets” <ul><li>Gifts of the head – things you know about (birds, movies, art history) </li></ul><ul><li>Gifts of the hands – things you know how to do (carpentry, gardening, cooking) </li></ul><ul><li>Gifts of the heart – things you care deeply about (environment, education ) </li></ul>
    35. 42. Asset Mapping Questions <ul><li>exercise </li></ul><ul><li>What gift (skill, interest, hobby) do you have that would surprise most people? </li></ul><ul><li>What makes you a great family member? </li></ul><ul><li>What “absorbs” you enough that you lose track of time? </li></ul><ul><li>What really good thing is going on in your neighborhood? </li></ul>
    36. 43. Why do asset mapping? <ul><li>It is a guide for relationship building, not just data. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowing others in your community that have similar interests allows groups to gather for a common cause </li></ul><ul><li>Asset mapping is a very powerful tool in community building. </li></ul>
    37. 44. What motivates people? <ul><li>Think about a book drive to help a youth center. </li></ul><ul><li>Someone that contributes may care about: </li></ul><ul><li>the kids having something safe to do </li></ul><ul><li>learning about a particular subject such as art </li></ul><ul><li>understanding the history of their ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>getting rid of some old books… </li></ul>
    38. 45. Matching Grants
    39. 49. Taking ABCD Home <ul><li>Determine community goal </li></ul><ul><li>Find allies </li></ul><ul><li>Determine additional players </li></ul><ul><li>Decide how to bring them on board </li></ul><ul><li>Identify assets to contribute from your institution, association, and/or individually </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize these resources to map and mobilize community </li></ul><ul><li>Come back to ABCD Intensive to share stories, successes and challenges </li></ul>
    40. 50. How can we make this happen? <ul><li>Appreciative Inquiry/Learning circles </li></ul><ul><li>One-on-one learning conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Asset Mapping </li></ul><ul><li>Matching Grants </li></ul>
    41. 51. Key message <ul><li>Asset based </li></ul><ul><li>Place based </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship based </li></ul><ul><li>You can do this: human beings have been doing for thousands of years </li></ul>
    42. 52. Thank You! <ul><li>Now go connect! </li></ul>