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Abcd Workshop on Changing Cities One Neighbourhood at a time, in partnership with the Futures Academy, Dublin Institute of Technology

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Presentation about ABCD around the world and how using Asset Based Principles some local Governments have changed the way they engage with Citizens and approach community development.

Presentation about ABCD around the world and how using Asset Based Principles some local Governments have changed the way they engage with Citizens and approach community development.


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  • Objectives, a) Present current thinking; b) highlight the importance of promoting citizenship led initiatives in attaining Active Citizenship Targets; c) suggest five practical next steps.
  • Transcript

    • 1. How Local Government can Promote Citizen‐led Initiatives: International Examples (Workshop 2) Cormac Russell Nurture Development; Nurture Development Africa, & ABCD Institute, Chicago
    • 2. Outside Ireland
    • 3. A world of Assets
    • 4. At a glance
      • Close to 600 communities of all sizes have launched grassroots asset-building initiatives across North America. Major cities with asset-building initiatives include Chicago, New York City, Atlanta, Savannah, Seattle, Dallas, Houston, El Paso, San Jose, Toronto, and Montreal.
      • Formal asset-building efforts are underway in at least 45 states, in five Canadian provinces, and on five continents. About half of U.S. states have organized asset-building initiatives, including Illinois, Texas, Colorado, Maine, Pennsylvania, Alaska, and New York.
    • 5. Beyond North America
      • Asset-building initiatives have formed in Australia, South Africa, Kenya, Egypt, Ethopia, Brazil, Vietnam, The Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Greenland, Ireland, England and Scotland. Asset-based research is under way in Malaysia, Brazil, Philippines, and the UK.
      • Carnegie Trust UK in collaboration with IACD see ABCD as the way forward.
    • 6. A Global Pick ‘n mix
      • Savannah Grants for Blocks, US
      • Seattle Neighbourhoods Department, Matching Grants, US
      • Kaboom! US
      • Can Do Citizen, Scarman Trust
      • Neighbourhood Voucher Scheme, The Netherlands
      • The Balanced City, Denmark
      • Building civil society in Kenya
      • Search Institute, Developmental Assets, US
    • 7. Savannah Grants For Blocks
      • Henry Moore, Assistant City Manager 1993;
      • Focused more on individuals and their neighbours;
      • What can you do with you neighbours to make your neighbourhood a better place;
      • Both grants are community directed and community assessed;
      • Savannah model goes small 500 USD
    • 8. The Seattle Approach
      • Match cent for cent, this emphasises the belief that citizens co-produce neighbourhood well being, alongside Local Government;
      • Focus on the assets
      • Use grants to strategically draw out associations currently not engaging, or not engaging as much as they could;
      • Encourage them to link with Neighbourhood Council-applicants much affiliate to their nearest Neighbourhood Council.
    • 9.  
    • 10.  
    • 11.  
    • 12.  
    • 13.  
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    • 15.  
    • 16.  
    • 17.  
    • 18. KaBOOM!
      • Communities across the country using the
      • KaBOOM ! planning tools and leveraging the
      • collaborative support of corporate and
      • community resources to achieve an immediate
      • and visible impact for their neighborhood.
    • 19. KaBOOM!
      • KaBOOM! engages two levers to eliminate obstacles that reduce children’s opportunities for play: creating the actual places where children can play and activating community leadership toward improving the health and well being of children and communities.
      • In 2009 KaBOOM! has worked with business and community interests to construct more than 1,500 playgrounds, skateparks, sports fields, and ice rinks across North America.
      • KaBOOM! and ABCD are currently identifying future research on the value of the KaBOOM! model in building a safe place to play within walking distance of every child in America.
    • 20. Can Do Citizen; and UK ABCD
      • 1. Carnegie UK Trust is beginning slowly to develop a number of interesting rural examples.
      • 2. In terms of use of physical assets the Development Trusts Association. Very sophisticated model, working closely with Local Government.
      • 3. The Katherine Howard Foundation is beginning to dip their toe in also, but they are very early stages.
      • 4. The Novas (Scarman) Trust Can Do Citizen initiative is also worth checking out, it has gone quite of late, but examples still exist in Manchester in particular.
    • 21. UK trends
      • 5. More broadly the concept of ‘co-production’ which informs the Time bank movement has gathered significant momentum in the UK, see http:// www.timebank.org.uk /
      • 6. In terms of research the New Economic Research Forum has been doing quite a lot of research in the area of healthy communities (see attached)
      • 7. IACD has also conducted a number of pieces of research directly relating to the ABCD approach which might be useful. http://www.iacdglobal.org/
    • 22.
      • The DTA is a network of community practitioners.
      • set up development trusts, and help existing trusts learn from each other and work effectively.
      • 450 development trusts.
      • the combined income is over £260m and development trusts have £490m of assets in community ownership.
    • 23. Can Do Citizen
      • Can Do Exchange for Manchester
      • The Can Do Exchange is an online ‘social market place’ for Manchester. The website enables you or your group to trade, share or swap your resources and skills. It enables you to find all you need to put your ideas into action and get your project of the ground. Can Do Exchange for Manchester helps with :
      • Sharing or Hiring out equipment
      • Contacting other groups doing similar work
      • Selling or exchanging your skills
      • Volunteering your services or appealing for volunteers
      • Finding meeting places for community use
    • 24. TimeBank UK-Volunteering on Your terms & Co-production
      • Connecting and empowering volunteers
      • TimeBank expertly matches the passions, interests and skills of individuals with opportunities that suit their lifestyles.
      • Supporting charitable organisations
      • TimeBank supports voluntary organisations by creating and delivering innovative volunteer recruitment campaigns.
      • Mobilising the business community
      • TimeBank knows how to harness the power of brands in order to inspire people to give their time, and we do this with businesses throughout the UK.
    • 25. The Netherlands-Neighbourhood Voucher Scheme (Citizens at the Helm)
    • 26. Kan Wel!
      • 2007 Minister of Housing, Communities and Integration provided 25 million euros per annum for citizens initiatives in the 31 largest councils of the Netherlands,
      • LSA used three years of experience in the Kan Wél! Projects to develop a system for distributing these budgets: the voucher system.
      • Citizens get direct control over a significant budget in order to take initiative themselves and work out their own ideas.
      • A managing group consisting of only residents is given the power to divide these budgets over the proposals submitted by fellow citizens.
      • The people with ideas receive their budgets in the form of vouchers; the local council offers its services and takes on the financial administration.
    • 27. Denmark-
    • 28. Noerremarken, Municipality of Vejle
      • The BalanCity Project
      • The BalanCity Project is an urban renewal project that works with Asset Based Community Development (ABCD) in Noerremarken. In 2004 the norm:
      • focus on the problem.
      • import external assistance.
      • pacify the local assets and advocate inactive behaviour.
    • 29. Glass half full
      • A high unemployment rate and a low
      • level of education are two of the basic
      • problems in the area.
      • In 2004 parallel societies emerged as Danish and employed citizens left the area – and citizens of other ethnic origin than Danish and citizens on transfer income moved into the area.
    • 30. Offences of the penal code committed in Noerremarken Reports of offences of the penal code concerning violence, threats, burglary, theft, vandalism, weapons committed in Noerremarken from 2004-2008.
    • 31. Penal code offenders resident in Noerremarken Reported offenders of the penal code concerning violence, threats, burglary, theft, vandalism, weapons and euphoriants from 2004-2008. All offenders resident in Noerremarken. >> Since 2006: Less criminal offenders resident in Noerremarken
    • 32. Total student enrolment at the Noerremarken School The total number of students in 1st – 9th grade in 2005-2009. >> Larger school enrolment due to a better image for the school and the general Noerremarken area. Two elite classes will start up from August 2008, and more are expected to follow
    • 33. Vandalism costs at Noerremarken The cooperative housing organization AAB owns the largest apartment blocks in Noerremarken and its’ vandalism costs from 2004-2008 are illustrated below. >> Less vandalism costs to both the Municipality and the housing organization
    • 34. Civil Society in Kenya
      • Bangladesh in Kiberia???
      • Conflict in East Pokot & Turkana
      • Drought Mitigation
      • Africa a trillion dollars of aid later!
    • 35.  
    • 36.  
    • 37.  
    • 38.  
    • 39.  
    • 40.  
    • 41. Spot the Paddy! Turkana conflict zone or community?
    • 42. Search Institute
      • 41 Developmental Assets
    • 43. Young people are not the problem; they are the solution!
      • The framework of Developmental Assets invites everyone in a family and community to be an asset builder for and with children and youth.
    • 44.  
    • 45. Community Building Approach
      • Children do well when their families do well,
      • And, families do better when they live in
      • supportive neighborhoods and communities.
        • (Search Institute Research Data)
        • ‘ It takes an entire village to raise a child’ African Saying
    • 46. Everyone should have the opportunity to be a producer of their own and their communities well-being It takes everyone to build a strong and safe community
    • 47. Determinants of Health
      • Personal behavior
      • Social relationships (networks of support)
      • Physical environment
      • Economic status
      • Access to health care
    • 48. Effective Communities
      • Look inside first to solve problems
      • Relationships are seen as power
      • Have a good sense of assets and capacities, not just needs
      • Leaders open doors
      • Citizens are involved
      • People take responsibility
    • 49. Associations, Local Government, Business & People
    • 50. Twelve Guiding Principles for Community Development: ABCD in Action
      • Everyone has gifts
      • Relationships build a community
      • Citizens at the center
      • Leaders involve others as active members of the community
      • Everyone cares about something
      • Motivation to act
      • Listening conversations
      • Asking questions rather than giving answers invites stronger participation
      • Ask, ask, ask
      • A citizen centered organization is the key to community engagement
      • Institutions have reached their limits in problem-solving
      • Institutions as servants
    • 51. Person Centered Work The move is from providing services to clients to supports for citizens to co-produce solutions Community Centered Work Inclusion
    • 52. Features of Asset-Based work
      • Asset-Based : Uncovers talents/skills found in the community right now
      • Internally Focused : Relies on the community’s strengths, not on resources found outside of it
      • Relationship Driven : Seeks to build linkages
      • among local people, institutions, and organizations
    • 53. The Three Key Arenas for Uncovering Community Assets People Informal Organizations Formal Institutions
    • 54. Visit our Publications pages to learn more about ABCD and its community applications: http://www.abcdinstitute.org/publications/                                                                                                                 
    • 55. In the final analysis
      • Perhaps the most important contributor to a community’s success is a belief in its abilities rather than in its problems .
    • 56. Group discussion
      • Cormac Russell
      • Nurture Development
      • www.nurturedevelopment.ie
      • Thank you!