Relative clause

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Relative clause

  1. 1. RELATIVE CLAUSE
  2. 2. Relative Clause Relative clauses are a special class of dependent clause (also called "subordinate clause") that serve to modify a noun. In English, as in most other Indo-European languages, relative clauses are often introduced by a relative pronoun one of the wh- words "who", "whom", "whose", "what", or "which", or by that. Reduced relative clauses, on the other hand, have no relative pronoun introducing them. The example below contrasts an English nonreduced relative clause and reduced relative clause.
  3. 3. Relatives Clauses: We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something.
  4. 4. relative pronouns use example who subject or object pronoun for people I told you about the woman who lives next door. which subject or object pronoun for animals and things Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? whose Do you know the boy possession for people whose mother is a animals and things nurse? where subject or object pronoun for palace This is the station where Emily met James.
  5. 5. when • 25 December is the day ..................... children in Great Britain get their Christmas presents. when • A famine was the reason ..................... so many Irish people emigrated to the USA in the 19th century. where • A greengrocer's is a shop ..................... you can buy vegetables. when • The day ..................... I arrived was very nice. why • A horror film was the reason ..................... I couldn't sleep last night.
  6. 6. Use the correct Relative Pronoun
  7. 7. The hotel _________ we stayed was very good for the price
  8. 8. The hotel WHERE we stayed was very good for the price
  9. 9. The books, ______ I´d ordered over the internet, took nearly three weeks to arrive
  10. 10. The books, WHICH* I´d ordered over the internet, took nearly three weeks to arrive
  11. 11. My parents, ________ were born in north Wales, moved to London to find work
  12. 12. My parents, WHO* were born in north Wales, moved to London to find work
  13. 13. The employee to __________ you refer is no longer working here.
  14. 14. The employee to WHOM* you refer is no longer working here
  15. 15. My neighbour, __________ son is studying in Germany, is quite impolite.
  16. 16. My neighbour, WHOSE son is studying in Germany, is quite impolite.
  17. 17. Reduced relative clause
  18. 18. Reduced Relative Clause A reduced relative clause is a relative clause that is not marked by an overt complementizer (such as that). Reduced relative clauses often give rise to ambiguity or garden path effects, and have been a common topic of psycholinguistic study, especially in the field of sentence processing.
  19. 19. Reduced Relative Passive Clause the ball was kicke John kick ed the ball d reduced object relative passive clause (so called because the noun being modified is the direct object of the relative clause, and the relative clause is in passive voice)
  20. 20. Reduced Relative Clause • While reduced relative clauses are not the only structures that create garden path sentences in English (other forms of garden path sentences include those caused by lexical ambiguity, or words that can have more than one meaning), they are the "classic" example of garden path sentences.
  21. 21. Example  People who litter will have to pay a fine  People littering will have to pay a fine  My friends who were living in dorms had a very hard time  My friends living in dorms had a very hard time
  22. 22. THANKS YOUR ATTENTION
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