BIK3033 – WRITING SKILLS               ASSIGNMENT 2 ( ARTICLE REVIEW )               ASSIGNMENT 3 ( ESSAY WRITING )       ...
ASSIGNMENT 2                                        ARTICLE 1                                    Cause and effect         ...
and family members is not sufficient. It is vital to take care of theorganism: get enough sleep and food. Going to church ...
ARTICLE 2 - REVIEWWHEN BELOVED ONE IS DYINGThe author of When Beloved One is Dying tells us on how to control the emotiona...
reality of life that everybody will face the death and assume that the death is just a partof life.Of course it is impossi...
ARTICLE 2                          Process essay of earthquakeDescribe the frequency, origin and distribution of earthquak...
depths because the normal faulting occurs near the sea floor, as a result of thetension. The normal faults are the cause o...
The distributions of these earthquakes that do occur happen at shallow depths.This is because the origin is in the crust, ...
other. These earthquakes tend to be more common than the deeper earthquakes.This is shown on the diagram on the left. The ...
detail. We now only miss one important factor that we all would like to know,when and where the next one will be. In truth...
ARTICLE 2 – REVIEWThe author is telling about the process of an earthquake. He explains the frequency,origin and the distr...
to understand the information and it allowing us to use dictionary to find the definition ofsome scientific terms written ...
ARTICLE 3 ( PROCESS ESSAY )How to Bake Cheesecake, Step by StepThe key to perfect cheesecake is in the baking. This water ...
4. Unclip the clasp at the side of the pan, watching for any areasthat stick. Carefully lift the outer ring over the top o...
ARTICLE 3 – REVIEWThis article is telling about the key word of having a perfect cheese cake which is statedthat in the ba...
Article 4 - Comparison essayFAST FOOD VS. HOMEMADE FOODJul 18, 2011 | By Sara IpatencoEating out is a luxury that many peo...
ARTICLE 4 – REVIEWThis article is telling about the comparison between fast food and home made food.Some of the people lik...
REFERENCESMayoClinic.com;Home Economics-Fast Food vs.Homemade; Jennifer Nelson and      Katherine Zeratsky;February 2009ht...
ASSIGNMENT 3 – ESSAY WRITING    ESSAY NO 1 (An unforgettable experience )        Upon hearing the word ‘marriage’ some wou...
marrying later are better in coping with marital and family problems thus breakdown of family isdecreased.       Another d...
ESSAY NO 2 (Choose one important event in your life, one resulting in three or    more effects – changes in your living co...
Sometimes, it is just not enough to run the family till the end of the month. Hence, I have tochange my living condition. ...
ESSAY NO 4 (Write an essay of comparison and contrast on marrying young ormarrying later in life.        Upon hearing the ...
marrying later are better in coping with marital and family problems thus breakdown of family isdecreased.       Another d...
ESSAY NO 5 ( Imagine that you are a travel agent and someone has asked you forsuggestions for family vacation. Write an es...
like swimming if go to the beaches. Families with young children would also be able to join theirchildren building sand ca...
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  1. 1. BIK3033 – WRITING SKILLS ASSIGNMENT 2 ( ARTICLE REVIEW ) ASSIGNMENT 3 ( ESSAY WRITING ) GROUP UPSI 01 ( A112PJJ ) LECTURER ENCIK AHMAD ZAINURI BIN LOAP AHMAD NAMA NO. ID NO. TELEFONNURHAFIZAH BINTI AJLAN D20102040807 019-7166070 801204-14-5448 019-5173776
  2. 2. ASSIGNMENT 2 ARTICLE 1 Cause and effect Sample Essay on When Beloved one is dyingExample of Descriptive essay, Sample Paper “There are no mistakes, no coincidences. All events are blessings given to us to learn from”The discovery that the person you love is dying is always a “shocking hit”. It “hits” both:the person that is dying and the person who loves him. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross in herbest seller “On Death and Dying” has given a deep analysis of what these two peoplego through after they discover the illness. It is very hard for the person that is dying toaccept the idea of his future death and before accepting it he goes through five stages:denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance. Patients require help in order tocope with the crisis they are facing. The same goes with the person that is about to losea “dear-to-heart” man. According to the five stages these people need to know exactlyhow they can take care of themselves to make their emotional condition stable and beable to accept what is about to happen.When Beloved one is dying EssayStage 1. Shock and denial. This period may last starting from couple of day to severalweeks. The person finds out that their loved-one is seriously ill. As usually people at thisstage avoid talking to anybody, the best “recipe” would be to start attending a supportgroup, where the person will learn that a lot of people face the same problem and thatthere ways to cope with this situation. He will meet people who have gone through asituation like that and will inspire the person to concentrate of providing support to theirloved ones by making their “last days” beautiful and bright.Stage 2. Anger. The person starts experiencing anger. The main thought at thisstage is “Why did it happen to him? Why did it happen to me?”. The feeling of theunfairness of the present situation makes the person mad. The best “recipe” to let theanger out is to write a journal, describing the internal feelings. Doing activeexercising is a good anger-reliever remedy, too. Another important ascentis not to be alone. Attending a support group or just talking and beinghonest about you feelings with family members will help a lot.Stage 3. Depression and bargaining. This is the time when a personneeds special help and emotional support. At this stage the best thing todo is to ask a psychologist for a qualified help if the help of a close friend
  3. 3. and family members is not sufficient. It is vital to take care of theorganism: get enough sleep and food. Going to church in order to gatherthoughts might be helpful. It is important not to let yourself to pour youremotional condition on another person. There is no need to pretend likeeverything is fine – it is important to be open and be active. Attending asupport group may solve a lot of these problems at the same time.Stage 4. Acceptance. This is not about denying the existence of theillness. It is about learning how to live with this “future loss” and beingready for it. Reading about the illness will help to know everything about itand be sure how to help the loved-one. Keeping a strong emotional contactwith the loved-one is extremely needed due to the possibility to help himgoing through his stages of accepting the fact that he has the illness. Theunderstanding that death is just a part of life is to bring the feeling of thepeacefulness of the outside worlds. Spending time with nature may help alot.Of course it is impossible to fit all the emotions a person will experiencebetween the lines describing these four stages. Nevertheless, a person thatis facing a problem of a future “loss” needs to remember that he is notalone, that he does not have to hide his feelings, he needs to take a goodcare of his organism in order to help himself to cope with the situation(exercising, eating well), he may use various “creative” techniques and hemay ask for help of a psychologist and a support group. And the mostimportant part is to make the day of the dying person unforgettable bybeing close and “holding his hand” no matter what!
  4. 4. ARTICLE 2 - REVIEWWHEN BELOVED ONE IS DYINGThe author of When Beloved One is Dying tells us on how to control the emotional offacing the lost of our beloved one. This is because it will give a ‘hit shock’ for those whoare really suffering of the lost. There are five stages stated by the author beforeaccepting the reality of the lost. They are through denial, anger, bargaining, depressionand acceptance.According to her, people need to know exactly how they can take care of themselves toget the good condition of emotional and to learn to accept the reality or what hashappened.The first stage before accepting the lost is denial which is in this period of time, theperson will avoid her/himself from talking to anyone because they will think that it is theb’best’ way to cope with the situation. At the same time, it is not impossible for them totalk to somebody who are having the same situation of her/himself.The next stage is experiencing the anger. The person will keep on asking her/himselfwhy did it happened to her/himself but not to other people. In my opinion, this kind ofquestion shows that the person still can not accept the truth and try to blame anybody.The best way to overcome this problem is try to not to be alone and get the supportsfrom the family.Thirdly is bargaining which is a time of a person need special help and support from theother people. It does not matter from the psychologist or from the close friends or familymembers and try to take care of the nature things such as sleep and food and praying.The fourth stage is acceptance which is not about denying the incident but learn to livewithout the loss. For those the person or partner who is still alive but suffering someserious illness, the partner should try to be strong and be a good supporter for the sickone by reading about the illness. It will help the loved one too. Learn to accept of the
  5. 5. reality of life that everybody will face the death and assume that the death is just a partof life.Of course it is impossible to fit all the emotions but at least the person keep on trying tobe strong to face the reality or loss and just bear on mind all the time that he/her is notalone . The most important part is try to make the day of the dying person unforgettablebefore he/she dies.If we look at the article carefully, we can find that the topic sentence is located at thebeginning of the essay which is written “ The discovery that the person you love is dyingis always a ‘shocking hit’. This topic sentence was well supported by the next sentencewhich is written ‘ It is very hard for the person that is dying to accept the idea of hisfuture death before accepting it.’ Some specific supporting detail were given by tellingthe stages of before a person accepting the loss of beloved one. Some examples weregiven such as questions and examples of activities that can be used in order toovercome the suffer of facing the loss.As conclusion, in my opinion, the author is a n optimistic person because she is aperson who has a positive thinking style. The author is a person who is focusing moreon the way how to handle the emotions to get a better life even thought we are facingany loss of beloved one, to her, the life must goes on as usual and make the life happy.And, to me, the article was written very well because it can be understood easily. This isbecause the use of simple sentence structures are good for the beginner readers inorder to understand the article as well as getting the good information from the articleitself.
  6. 6. ARTICLE 2 Process essay of earthquakeDescribe the frequency, origin and distribution of earthquakes at mid-oceanridges, ocean basins, subduction zones and continental shields.Earthquakes are happening almost everyday all over the world. Most of the timeearthquakes are not strong enough to be felt by people, but the shaking causedby an earthquake is recorded by a seismogram. These are located all over theworld at different points. Only occasionally will a larger magnitude earthquakestrike and cause damage to the region. Around the world there are many faults,depending where these faults are plays a major factor in determining where anearthquake will happen. It is these faults that are the reason for earthquakes. Thetype of fault will also determine how often an earthquake will happen.A mid-ocean ridge occurs under the sea at a divergent boundary. This is wheretwo plates are been pulled apart because of tension. This then allows newoceanic crust to be made in the divergent boundary, as magma rises andeventually sets on the sea floor.If the plates on either side of the divergent boundary continue to spread then theocean slowly becomes larger in width, a process called seafloor spreading. Mid-ocean ridges are characterized by a crack like valley at the divergent boundary.This crack like valley is caused by the tension pulling the plates apart, causingnormal faulting to occur a number of times in the divergent boundary.It is these normal faults that are the cause and therefore the origin of earthquakesat divergent boundaries. When the tension pulling apart the two plates becomestoo much then the oceanic crust will fracture. This fracturing is caused by manynormal faults happening as shown in the diagram. The normal faults happenbecause the crust is been extended. When the tension becomes too much thefaults slip vertically. They move a large distance in a relatively short space oftime, this is the cause of the earthquakes at divergent boundaries.Divergent boundaries mostly occur on the sea floor and therefore the earthquakesthat happen at these boundaries are distributed along the boundary. This meansthat the distributions of earthquakes at divergent boundaries are at shallowdepths, where the crust is been pulled apart. The earthquakes happen at shallow
  7. 7. depths because the normal faulting occurs near the sea floor, as a result of thetension. The normal faults are the cause of the earthquakes at these divergentboundaries.The seafloor sees the most intense tectonic activity in the world, meaning that atthe sites of mid-ocean ridges the frequency of earthquakes is very high.An example of a mid-ocean ridge is the Mid-Atlantic ridge, there the seafloor isspreading at a rate of about 3cm per year. The frequency of earthquakes at amid-ocean ridge will depend on how much tension is happening at that point. Themore tension means the more seafloor spreading, resulting in a higher frequencyof earthquakes at a particular mid-ocean ridge.Four major oceans make up most of the water in the world, The Atlantic (north &south), The Pacific, The Antarctic and The Indian Ocean. Within the basins ofthese oceans earthquakes can happen without been caused at Mid-ocean ridges,or a Subduction Zones.When the earth¡¦s crust is under tensional forces the crust will become muchthinner than normal, if there is no fault. This means that the crust becomesweaker as it is thinner than normal. This can happen to the oceanic crust in theocean basins, but will only cause an earthquake with a hot spot. A hot spot is anabnormal hot rising area of the mantle that supplies the lava for volcanoes. If atthe same time a hot spot is directly below a thinned crust then the magma in thehot spot may hold too much pressure to be held by the thinner weakened crust. Ifthis is the case then the magma can penetrate the lithosphere, and eventuallyerupt on the surface. The action of the magma forcing its way up can triggerearthquakes as it breaks through the crust. When its breaks through the crust atthe sea bed eventually a volcanic island will be formed in the middle of the ocean.Due to plate movements this can lead to the creation of mid-plate chains ofbasaltic volcanic islands, e.g. Hawaii.The creation of these islands around the world has happened in other places.Frequent large earthquakes do not happen along the Hawaiian chain, it is anessentially an asesimic ridge. Therefore the frequency of earthquakes caused inocean basins by hot spots is very low.
  8. 8. The distributions of these earthquakes that do occur happen at shallow depths.This is because the origin is in the crust, which has been thinned because oftension.A subduction zone is where two plates collide and one is forced below the other,they occur at convergent boundaries. They collide because of compressionforces, pushing them into each other. One plate is sub ducted below the other intothe mantle, where it will be recycled. An example of this is shown below with thePacific plate sub ducting under the Eurasian plate.The two plates want to travel in opposite directions, they want to go straight intoeach other. This causes the pressure to build up over a long period of time, as thetwo plates push at each other. As time progresses one of the plates will start to bebent downward under the other one because of the extreme force, however doesnot slip, just bends. This is because of the friction between the two plates isenough to allow them to bend, without slipping. This is a very slow but continuousmovement, maybe only a few millimetres every year. Every fraction moved by theplates increases the build-up of elastic strain energy within the rock. The rockcontinues to store this energy from a few decades to a few thousand years. Anearthquake will happen when the strain in the rocks exceeds that of the limit ofthe rocks. The fault then ruptures, moving a large distance in a short space oftime. The plates then snap back into a new position, forcing the alreadyundercutting plate to dive down even further under the other. The collisions of twoplates generally produce large forces in the plates. These forces result in thetriggering of the earthquakes within the subduction zones.The frequency of earthquakes in Subduction zones is about the same as that inthe mid-ocean ridges. This is because the plates cover the globe, and if theyseparate in one place then in another place one-plate sinks below another. Thismeans that the triggering of an earthquake at a divergent boundary triggers anearthquake at a convergent plate. Meaning that the frequency of earthquakes atSubduction zones is the same as at Mid-ocean ridges, which is very high.The earthquakes at convergent boundaries are distributed at different points. Thedeep focus earthquakes occur along the already subducted plate. Shallow focusearthquakes occur just at the point where one plate starts to be thrust under the
  9. 9. other. These earthquakes tend to be more common than the deeper earthquakes.This is shown on the diagram on the left. The red dots show the distribution ofearthquakes at a convergent boundary.Continental shields are extensively flat tectonically stable interiors of thecontinents, composed of ancient rocks. Most of the stress that builds up bytectonic movements is released in earthquakes at the plate boundaries. Howeverstress can also build up in the interiors of plates. Old fault lines in the plates areweaker than the surrounding rocks, these old fault lines cover many continents,crossing all over each other. The old faults can slip if the stress becomes toomuch from recent plate movements, which will cause an unexpected earthquake.This can be a problem as many old fault lines are not known, and many are awayfrom modern plate boundaries that exist today. This is potentially dangerous asmany modern settlements may be at risk from earthquakes, even though they arenot near modern day faults.The distribution of earthquakes at continental shields is not yet known, asscientists do not know whether these earthquakes will strike the same regionwithin a plate.The strength of these inter-plate earthquakes are relatively small, compared toboundary earthquakes. The frequency is also very small, the last major inter plateearthquake was in Latur-India in 1993. However they can catch regions totallyunexpected because they can affect areas with no previous earthquake history.Also the energy of the earthquake is spread out further without losing as much.Due to the older hard rocks that transmit energy better, than the deformed brokenyounger rocks. This can cause more damage to a larger region.Earthquakes are common events and are happening all the time. They can becaused by many different factors within the earth¡¦s interior. Depending on thetype of area that they happen in will determine the strength of the earthquake,and the frequency of earthquakes within the region. The distribution ofearthquakes within an area will much depend uponwhat caused the earthquake to happen in the first place. We understand todayhow earthquakes are caused, and we can record where they happen every day ofthe year. This has helped us to learn and understand about earthquakes in much
  10. 10. detail. We now only miss one important factor that we all would like to know,when and where the next one will be. In truth it must be said that today we are stillnot close to predicting earthquakes even with all the technology that is available.Bibliography:Understanding Earth 2nd edition by Frank Press and Raymond Siever.Microsoft Encarta Encyclopaedia 1998.
  11. 11. ARTICLE 2 – REVIEWThe author is telling about the process of an earthquake. He explains the frequency,origin and the distribution of earthquake at mid-ocean ridges and continental shields.Earthquakes are happening almost everyday and it starts from the basis or under thesea at the divergent boundary. According to the author, many faults plays the majorfactor in determining where the earthquake will happen. It also related to the types ofthe fault too. The too plates are been pulled apart because of tension. If one of the platespreads, then the ocean slowly becomes larger and this is a process of seafloorspreading. It will create a crack like valley at the divergent boundary and the valleyactually caused by the tension from the plates apart.When the tension becomes too much, then the oceanic crust will fracture which iscaused by many faults. The earthquakes happen at shallow depths where the crust isthere and as a result, normal faulting occurs near the sea floor.Some of the scientific terms such as tectonic, faults, tension, crust, mantle, lava,magma and so many terms should be familiar with us as the readers of knowing theprocess of earthquakes. For example, due to plate movements, it can lead to thecreation of mid-plate chains of basaltic volcanic island ( Hawaii ). Actually, frequentlarge earthquakes do not happen along the Hawaiian chain, but it is essentially anasesimic ridge. Therefore the hotspots is very slow.Earthquakes process related so many stages or steps such as the movements of theplates which can lead to the fraction and produces large forces to the plates.As the conclusion, according to the author, people nowadays can learn and know moreabout the earthquakes by recording the process of the earthquakes and using thetechnology, we can predict the earthquakes so that the readiness to face theearthquakes is there to help to do some actions towards earthquakes.The topic sentence of this article is written at the beginning of the paragraph which isstated ‘ Earthquakes are happening almost everyday all over the world’ and it supportedby some details such as ‘ Most of the time earthquake is not strong enough to be felt bypeople but the shaking caused by the earthquake is recorded by a seismogram.’ Thissupporting details would be the factors to attract the readers to read more in order toknow detail about the process of earthquake.To me, the paragraphs are well designed and the information are very detail andspecific which are good to us to get to know about earthquake. But , the choose ofwords and sentences are a bit tough especially to the beginner readers because thisarticle uses many difficult words and scientific terms. Like myself also having problems
  12. 12. to understand the information and it allowing us to use dictionary to find the definition ofsome scientific terms written in the article.But generally, I do like this article because it can give many information abut the natureincident such as earthquake which is not possible to get to know about it before this.
  13. 13. ARTICLE 3 ( PROCESS ESSAY )How to Bake Cheesecake, Step by StepThe key to perfect cheesecake is in the baking. This water bath method bakes thecake very gently, so it wont darken, curdle, or crack.A springform pan works best because you can remove the cake easily, but muffin tins orany other cake pan will work fine. If you use a plain cake pan, grease it well and line thebottom with parchment paper. 1. Preheat your oven to the temperature recommended in your cheesecake recipe. To prevent water from seeping into the removable bottom of the springform pan, wrap aluminum foil completely around the bottom and halfway up the sides of the pan. Place the cheesecake into a jellyroll pan (or any baking pan with sides) and place the pans into the oven. Use a teakettle to fill the outer pan with hot water. Cheesecakes usually bake for about 1½ hours, so check the bath after the first hour and refill if necessary. 2. Because cheesecake is very soft, it can be difficult to judge when its done baking. One way to check for doneness is to take the cakes internal temperature with an instant-read thermometer. The ideal temperature for a cheesecake is around 160 to 165 degrees F (70 to 72 degrees C). You can also insert a small knife into the center of the cake, and if it comes out clean, the cake is done. Some bakers turn off the oven and leave the cheesecake in it for an additional hour to ensure its completely set. 3. Once the cheesecake has been removed from the oven, it needs to chill thoroughly--preferably overnight. The cake will have pulled away from the edges of the pan. Carefully run a small knife around the edge of the pan to loosen any bits that might stick to the pan.
  14. 14. 4. Unclip the clasp at the side of the pan, watching for any areasthat stick. Carefully lift the outer ring over the top of the cake. Ifyou used a plain cake pan and dont want to serve dessert in thepan, invert a plate covered with a sheet of waxed paper over thepan. Tip the cake pan over the plate, and remove the pan. Inverta serving plate over the bottom of the cheesecake, and flip itover. Remove the top plate and paper, trying not to peel off the"skin" on the surface of the cheesecake. Any imperfections canbe covered by chocolate ganache, a fruit sauce, or a layer oflightly sweetened sour cream.5. For a seamless look, you can smooth the sides of thecheesecake with a hot, wet knife. Any toppings or garnishes canbe added at this point.
  15. 15. ARTICLE 3 – REVIEWThis article is telling about the key word of having a perfect cheese cake which is statedthat in the baking process itself. And one more thing is the type of pan such as springform also contributes to have a good cheese cake. This is because, bath method isimportant to bake the cake very gently and the use of spring form pan makes us easierto remove the cake easily.Those are some tips in baking a cheese cake. It starts with looking at the heat ortemperature of the oven. And then, wrapping the pan with aluminum foil around thebottom. Then, place the cheese cake into a jelly roll pan or pan with sides. The next tipto make the bath method baking is by filling in the outer pan with hot water. Next, theauthor tells that bath method baking is very useful to cheese cake because cheese cakeis very soft. In checking the doneness of the cheese cake is by using instant readthermometer and insert it into the internal side of the cake. Other than that, we also caninsert a small knife into the center of the cake and if the cake is done, it will come outclean. Once the cake has been removed from the oven, it needs to be chilled overnightto make us easy to loosen the cake from the pan. The cheese cake can be decoratedwith anythings such as chocolate, fruit sauce or layer of slightly sour cream.The topic sentence of the writing is stated in the beginning of the article ( The key toperfect cheese cake is in the baking ) then it is supported with a specific detail that is( This water bath method bakes the cake very gently, so it won’t darken, curdle orcrack.)Generally, in my opinion, the article was written nicely and well-designed because itprovides the pictures too which is good for the readers to have a better understandingtowards the steps of baking a cake. In addition, the sentences used in the article are abit easier which is can be understood even thought for the weaker readers.
  16. 16. Article 4 - Comparison essayFAST FOOD VS. HOMEMADE FOODJul 18, 2011 | By Sara IpatencoEating out is a luxury that many people enjoy on a regular basis. The food prepared infast foods is convenient and tasty, but has certain drawbacks when compared to foodyou prepare at home. Examining the pros and cons of fast food versus homemade foodwill give you the information to determine what and where you want to eat.COSTEating out regularly ends up costing more money than if you were to prepare the samefoods at home. When you purchase restaurant food, you are paying for the ingredients,as well as the labor for the employees to prepare that food. MayoClinic.com notes thatsome foods, such as hamburgers, may end up costing similar amounts. Other foods,such as fresh salads, can save you a significant amount of money if you prepare themat home rather than paying someone else to make them for you.FATEven if your homemade burger costs about the same as a fast food one, the fat contentis almost always higher when you choose the restaurant sandwich. Many fast foodrestaurants use trans fats to cook their food, which is a dangerous type of fat that canraise your cholesterol levels and contribute to heart disease. Fast food is also high insaturated fat, which may also increase your risk of obesity and heart disease. HelpGuide notes that a double Whopper with cheese, a medium order of fries and an applepie contains more saturated fat than you should have in two days. Cooking at homeallows you to control the ingredients you include in your food so you end up consumingless fat.NUTRIENTSMost of your fast food options also contain fewer vitamins and minerals than food youprepare at home. When you cook at home, you can add vegetables and other healthyingredients to your recipes, which is not typically done at fast food restaurants. Many ofyour fast food options are also fried, which decreases their nutritional value significantly.The quality of the ingredients that go into your fast food meal is often lower than freshingredients you would use to prepare your food at home.TIPS FOR COOKING AT HOMEIf you enjoy the taste of certain fast food meals, search the Internet or look throughcookbooks to find recipes for those foods. You may be able to mimic the taste of yourfavorite fast foods at home in a much healthier, lower cost way. Get your family involvedby choosing recipes and preparing your meals together. Choose the highest qualityingredients you can find when preparing your recipes, and you will likely get a healthydose of key vitamins and minerals.
  17. 17. ARTICLE 4 – REVIEWThis article is telling about the comparison between fast food and home made food.Some of the people like eating outside which is faster, tasty and more convenient. Peoplenormally thinking of the pros and contrasts of both of the food. There are a lot ofadvantages of eating outside and home made food. For example, eating out regularlymore costing rather than home made food because we need to pay for the ingredients, aswell as the labor for the employees to prepare that food. But, if we compare to homemade food, we just need to pay for the ingredients neither nor the cost of services.The nutritional aspect should be taken seriously too. For example, the fat content ofhome made food is almost lower rather than having outside food because some of therestaurants use the trans fat to cook their food which is very dangerous to us that canraise up our cholesterol levels and contribute to heart disease. Eating outside also hasthe percentage of lower content of vitamins because most of the food are fried and nottypically done compare to home made food.In my opinion, the topic sentence of the article can be seen in the beginning of the articlewhich telling us that ‘Eating out is a luxury that many people enjoy on a regular basis.’ Itis supported by the specific and comparison detail which telling us that ‘ The foodprepared in fast food is convenient and tasty, but has certain drawback when comparedto food you prepare at home.)The choose of words and sentences are suitable for the beginner readers too becausethe words and sentences are a bit simple and easy to be understood by the readers.Based on the article, I think that the author is a bit bias by stressing more on home madefood . This can be seen from the comparison done by the author which are directlyshown that he is bias to home made food and to me, home made food is his choice.
  18. 18. REFERENCESMayoClinic.com;Home Economics-Fast Food vs.Homemade; Jennifer Nelson and Katherine Zeratsky;February 2009http://www.livestrong.com/article/495495-fast-food-vs-homemade-food/http://allrecipes.com/howto/baking-cheesecake-step-by-step/
  19. 19. ASSIGNMENT 3 – ESSAY WRITING ESSAY NO 1 (An unforgettable experience ) Upon hearing the word ‘marriage’ some would be on cloud nine. What is marriage?Marriage is a legal union between man and woman that forms kinship. Different culture definesmarriage differently. Generally, marriage is defined as a union of two person of the opposite sexto commit into interpersonal relationship where intimate and sexual relationships are approved.In fact, in some culture it is mandatory to be wedded before any two people of the opposite sexcan engage into any sexual activity. This legal union is often announced to others by having awedding ceremony. Each culture has its own way of carrying out the wedding ceremony. Inother word, marriage is also known as wedlock or matrimony. Marriage can involve the union of two individual of different races, age group, career,personality etc. In our country, it is legal to be married once a person is 21 years old. Despite ofthis, some prefer to marry later in life. There are some significant differences in marrying youngor later in life. The most notable difference is between these two is breakdown of the marriage. Oftenmany young adults fall head over heels in love too quick. Some young adults are very immaturesince they are still in the transition phase of moving from teenage phase to adult phase. In thissituation, they are yet to reach the maturity level of an adult. At this age, they are not prepared toface the harsh reality of the world. Falling in love and marrying young force them to commit intothe reality of life. Lack of life experiences throw them into darkness where they would not beable to handle marital problems and cope with their life. As a result, they will grow fed up andend up divorced. Marrying young is not a bed of roses after all. Whereas, marrying later in lifewould be able to secure a long lasting marriage. Often, those who intend to marry later are thosewho have something to be accomplished before entering wedlock. Men normally want to makesure he is financially stable so that he would be able to support the family as the bread winneronce he is married. On the other hand, women normally are keen on preparing herself to serveher husband and children in the future. Women too prefer to have a stable career to support thefamily rather than being dependent on the husband solely. The adults are mature thus arethinking ahead of time. They are actually well prepared to enter the wedlock. Hence, often those
  20. 20. marrying later are better in coping with marital and family problems thus breakdown of family isdecreased. Another different is the level of education. Those marrying young normally do not get theopportunity to pursue their studies higher. Some young couples might even not be able tocomplete their studies. They are burdened with responsibilities like household chores, childcaring, budget for groceries and paying bills. The couple is responsible in managing their ownfamily. In order to run the family, they have to seek for job and bid farewell to their education.Whereas, marrying later in life secure a better education for the couple. The couple would havecompleted their studies with at least a degree which promises a better career prospect. A bettercareer definitely promises a better salary. This mean, when the couple enter into wedlock, theywill have a secured and stable life. Next, marrying young can be advantageous in terms of child bearing for the female.Marrying later can be detrimental for child bearing since female loses their fertility level as theyage. The chances of getting pregnant lowers as a woman reach the age of 30. This indirectlyleads to other health problems to the woman. Despite of all these, both marrying young or later in life expand the family kinship.Family of both the man and women will be united as a bigger family no matter when they getmarried in their life. As a whole, marriage is an institution to strengthen the family relationships.
  21. 21. ESSAY NO 2 (Choose one important event in your life, one resulting in three or more effects – changes in your living conditions, changes in your behavior or changes in your attitude.The day which changed my whole life is still vivid in my mind. It was an important event in mylife which affected my life in many ways. It happened years ago in a month of March. On thatparticular day, I woke up as early as 4.00 a.m. My eyes were wide opened staring at the ceilingof the room. At about 6 am I get out of my bed and went to the bathroom and took my bath. Soonafter that, had my morning prayers asking for the Al-mighty’s blessing. Around 9.30 a.m, I lefthome . I was on the way to my school to take my Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) examinationresult. As usual, I was riding my motorbike. Along the way, I could not stop myself fromimagining myself from getting a perfect result. Since, I was one of the top student in my school, Iwas quite confident that I would get an excellent result. As I reached the school compound, I saw many of my friends heading towards the schoolhall. I saw some of my friends coming out from the hall with tears. I could just not predict thereason. Is it tears of joy or sadness? I told myself, “I better get going in and get my result.”. Itook a deep breath and went to the hall. I queued up at the counter set by the school for thescience stream students. It was my turn. I was speechless looking at my result. I felt that my eyeswere getting heavier. I was trying not to allow my tears to flow. It was so tough. I could not staythere any longer. I rode back home. My result was not that bad. I was disappointed with some ofthe grades of the science subjects. I knew I could not obtain scholarship with this result. It is adisgrace for me. I have disappointed my parents. I should have worked harder. Actually, I did notcomplete my revision. I was too confident that I would be able to sail through since I havealways managed to do well. I failed myself. This event changed my life especially my living condition, my behaviour and attitude.First of all, this event is the cause of my current living condition. Although, my living conditionis not that bad, it is actually not a life I have dreamed off. Since, I could not secure a place for aMedical Course due to my poor result; I had to shift my focus to a different field which does notguarantee a promising living condition. Now, my salary is just an average amount any commonperson will earn. This amount is just enough for me to settle my bills, getting monthly groceries,children’s expenses, petrol etc. At the end of the month, I barely have any amount for my saving
  22. 22. Sometimes, it is just not enough to run the family till the end of the month. Hence, I have tochange my living condition. I have to sacrifice a lot. In fact, I even have to abolish the use oftelevision at home. My behaviour changed drastically too. I was no longer over confident about anything. Istarted changing my goals in life. I enrol myself in a teaching course. I worked hard eachsemester. Some of the courses which I took were too easy. However, I did not want to repeat thesame mistake again. I worked very hard each semester. I studied very hard day and night.My hard work was worthy. I graduated with an excellent result. I passed with distinction. I amproud myself. I guess that important event which happened years ago really had given me a goodlesson. It really changed my behaviour and attitude. I am a better person now. Perhaps that eventwas the reason for who am I now.
  23. 23. ESSAY NO 4 (Write an essay of comparison and contrast on marrying young ormarrying later in life. Upon hearing the word ‘marriage’ some would be on cloud nine. What is marriage?Marriage is a legal union between man and woman that forms kinship. Different culture definesmarriage differently. Generally, marriage is defined as a union of two person of the opposite sexto commit into interpersonal relationship where intimate and sexual relationships are approved.In fact, in some culture it is mandatory to be wedded before any two people of the opposite sexcan engage into any sexual activity. This legal union is often announced to others by having awedding ceremony. Each culture has its own way of carrying out the wedding ceremony. Inother word, marriage is also known as wedlock or matrimony. Marriage can involve the union of two individual of different races, age group, career,personality etc. In our country, it is legal to be married once a person is 21 years old. Despite ofthis, some prefer to marry later in life. There are some significant differences in marrying youngor later in life. The most notable difference is between these two is breakdown of the marriage. Oftenmany young adults fall head over heels in love too quick. Some young adults are very immaturesince they are still in the transition phase of moving from teenage phase to adult phase. In thissituation, they are yet to reach the maturity level of an adult. At this age, they are not prepared toface the harsh reality of the world. Falling in love and marrying young force them to commit intothe reality of life. Lack of life experiences throw them into darkness where they would not beable to handle marital problems and cope with their life. As a result, they will grow fed up andend up divorced. Marrying young is not a bed of roses after all. Whereas, marrying later in lifewould be able to secure a long lasting marriage. Often, those who intend to marry later are thosewho have something to be accomplished before entering wedlock. Men normally want to makesure he is financially stable so that he would be able to support the family as the bread winneronce he is married. On the other hand, women normally are keen on preparing herself to serveher husband and children in the future. Women too prefer to have a stable career to support thefamily rather than being dependent on the husband solely. The adults are mature thus arethinking ahead of time. They are actually well prepared to enter the wedlock. Hence, often those
  24. 24. marrying later are better in coping with marital and family problems thus breakdown of family isdecreased. Another different is the level of education. Those marrying young normally do not get theopportunity to pursue their studies higher. Some young couples might even not be able tocomplete their studies. They are burdened with responsibilities like household chores, childcaring, budget for groceries and paying bills. The couple is responsible in managing their ownfamily. In order to run the family, they have to seek for job and bid farewell to their education.Whereas, marrying later in life secure a better education for the couple. The couple would havecompleted their studies with at least a degree which promises a better career prospect. A bettercareer definitely promises a better salary. This mean, when the couple enter into wedlock, theywill have a secured and stable life. Next, marrying young can be advantageous in terms of child bearing for the female.Marrying later can be detrimental for child bearing since female loses their fertility level as theyage. The chances of getting pregnant lowers as a woman reach the age of 30. This indirectlyleads to other health problems to the woman. Despite of all these, both marrying young or later in life expand the family kinship.Family of both the man and women will be united as a bigger family no matter when they getmarried in their life. As a whole, marriage is an institution to strengthen the family relationships.
  25. 25. ESSAY NO 5 ( Imagine that you are a travel agent and someone has asked you forsuggestions for family vacation. Write an essay classifying vacations for familiesinto three or more types.) Nowadays, people are so busy with their hectic life style until one does not have time forthemselves. People are busy expending their wealth and forgotten that they are losing theirhappiness. In many families, both parent are working and have no quality time for their children.Often children are left by themselves with the guidance of care takers. In that case, many parentstry to make it a point to have a family vacation during the school holidays. Many seek for suggestion from travel agents like me to plan their vacations. As a travelagent it is my duty to suggest suitable vacation spots to my clients. Vacation for families can beclassified into three namely for relaxation, as a challenging activity and also as a form of gettogether or reunion. The purpose of the vacation will indirectly determine the vacation spot. The first type which is for relaxation is mainly for family members whom have beenworking hard throughout the year. These are the people who would be looking forward for theirvacation. The best place to go for a relaxation would be cooling places like Cameron Highland.This type of places has a suitable climate for relaxation. For example, one would not have toparticipate in any fun or challenging activity to spend their time in Cameron Highland. Onecould just have a visit to the tea plantation or the strawberry plantation. The hilly greenenvironment would definitely give a calming effect to one’s mind. Hence, one can relax theirmind without any disturbance. Indirectly, they would be able to spend their time with theirfamily members with a relaxed mind without thinking of their work load at the office. The second type is vacation which includes challenging activities such as jungle trekking,treasure hunt and many more. The most common place families look for to be involved inchallenging activities during vacation are mountains and beaches depending on the individual.Mountains are best place for families with teenage boys. Teenage boys would love activities likejungle trekking. Doing this activity with their other family members, will even increase theirexcitement and also strengthen their family bond. The beach and the mountain are totallydifferent. Beaches offer challenging activities which mountains can offer. For example, activitieslike beach ball. Girls prefer this activity compared to jungle trekking. In fact, some parents areafraid to bring their daughters for jungle trekking. Besides that, people can do other activities
  26. 26. like swimming if go to the beaches. Families with young children would also be able to join theirchildren building sand castles by the beach. It would be a great vacation for the whole family. Lastly, people can have a reunion or a get together type of vacation. For this, people cango to the beach. Relations can get together and spend their time together as a whole family. Theycan book chalet by the beach. At night, they can have barbecue dinner. This is a good way tohave a social gathering with family members and relations. Besides beach, can visit recreationalpark. Here they can also have family activities while having fun. Vacation is definitely a way to release stress to many. The choice of vacation spot istotally dependent on the family type and their purpose for going on vacation.

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