1. BIK3023 – READING SKILLS ASSIGNMENT 3 – LESSON DESIGN LECTURER PUAN LEELA CHAKRABARTY NAME MATRIK CONTACT NUMBER NUMBER/GROUPNURHAFIZAH BINTI D20102040807 019 -7166070 AJLAN 019 - 5173776 GROUP UPSI 03
2. SUBJECT – ENGLISH LANGUAGESTUDENTS – FORM 5LEARNING OUTCOMES2.0 LANGUAGE FORINFORMATIONAL PURPOSES2.1 Obtain information for differentpurposes byb. interviewing and using questionnaires;SpecificationsLevel 3iii. Interviewing people to get moreinformation on topics under study.LANGUAGE CONTENTa) Grammatical Items5. Verbsc. Present Continuous TenseACTIVITIES (Describe the activities in detail and provide the rationale)1. Pre readingA) PICTURES OF PILLS/CAPSULES - Describing the picture of pills/capsules shown
3. Rationale of showing the pictures - More attractive/attract their willingness to have the lesson - To encourage them questioning for purposes to get the ideasB) WATCHING A VIDEO - Talking briefly about the content of the video being displayed. - Response to the video shown ( share the ideas with the teacher and friends )Rationale of displaying the video - To attract the students’ attention - Relate the video to the article read - To get a better understanding towards the article.C) READING THE ARTICLE 1- To get to know the connection between the pictures and video to the article.2. While readingEXTRACTING OUT THE MAIN POINTS ( INDIVIDUAL )- Listing out the points in graphic organizers3. After readingWATCHING THE INTERVIEWING SESSION ( AS A SAMPLE )- Teacher explains briefly about creating an interview session.- Notes will be given to each group as additional information( Notes about samples of interviewing questions ) - Students sit in their groups. - Each group is required to act out an interview session related to the article read. - Group discussion - Present their group work ( interview session ).Referenceshttp://youtu.be/c4gWshr7qsshttp://www.collegegrad.com/jobsearch/Mastering-the-Interview/The-Eight-Types-of-Interview-Questions/
4. AppendicesAppendix A ( PICTURES OF PILLS / CAPSULES ) – PRE READINGAPPENDIX B AND C ( VIDEO ) – ATTACHED IN THE 3RD URL COLOUMN INMYGURU 3APPENDIX B ( VIDEO ABOUT USING PILLS / CAPSULES )APPENDIX C ( VIDEO OF INTERVIEW SESSION AS A SAMPLE )
5. APPENDIX D ( ARTICLE 1 ) -Reading Selection 1 The Star Sunday January 9, 2011A pill for every ill?By DR KHOR SWEE KHENGWho needs stars when we can wish upon a pill?THE trouble with us these days is that when we’re faced with some real or imaginedsuffering, we reach for the bottle of pills. Our current approach to healthcare is to firstlyattach a disproportional significance to our often trivial complaints. Then we refuse totolerate even the slightest discomfort. Finally, we demonstrate an unhealthy willingnessto take a pill for anything and everything, in the name of immediate relief.We may have evolved as a species, but we have definitely changed from a society thatunderstands and accepts hardship, to one that doesn’t and can’t. It was a nasty worldas recently as 50 years ago, when you could expect to suffer death or disability from awhole host of ailments, even one as simple as an allergy. Doctors battled real killers likesmallpox and polio, and performed heroic surgery in the battlefield.We want to get ‘better’ without an effort, and we want to get ‘better’ right now!They discovered penicillin, insulin, and vaccines. They developed treatments, surgeries,and intensive care for life-threatening diseases like asthma and cancer. Advances inepidemiology and public health improved sanitation, vector control, and workplace
6. safety. These achievements preserved human dignity in the face of terrible suffering.I want it, and I want it nowAs a result of that dramatic improvement in modern medicine, societal attitudes tohealthcare changed irrevocably. Having conquered death, we were now afraid ofhardship. But truly, do we know what hardship really is? We imagine our own ills as theend of the world, refuse to use common sense/our own body/Father Time as a cure,and demand instant relief – we have become hypochondriacs with a sense of urgency.These days, we insist on being called healthcare customers or clients. We don’t like theidea of being a Patient, because we’ve become Impatient. Doctor shopping abounds,with demands for the strongest painkillers (regardless of side effects or a logical step-upapproach) or antibiotics (regardless of antibiotic resistance, and even for viral, notbacterial infection), and the latest blood test or MRI.Petty complaints are now the cornerstones of our selfish existence – like constipationfrom a poor diet, or cough from too many cigarettes. We want to get “better” without aneffort, and we want to get “better” right now! How did this happen? Firstly, the focus onthe preservation of life transformed into a focus on the quality of life. More importantly,there began to be a demand for Botox for wrinkles, Viagra for ED, Prozac for depression– science motivated by a client-consumer, and not necessarily a patient.Once wars stopped and living standards improved, we stopped fretting about death andstarted luxuriously fulfilling our needs of food, shelter, clothing and safety. Then webegan to worry about our “health”. It’s a relative thing – those days it was asbestos froma mine, and now it’s repetitive stress injury. That we do not seem to advance alongMaslow’s hierarchy, is because self-actualisation means having a perfect nose?Instant gratificationUnfortunately also, modern medicine’s great abilities bred a belief that science will cureanything, and instantly too. Added to a culture of modern speed and convenience likeinstant messaging and fast food, we see a doctor only when it’s convenient for us (evenif the sore has been festering for three weeks), refuse to wait in line, and refuse to waitto get better.Everything is set up in modern society for instant gratification, to the extent that we donot know how to delay happiness for a greater gain in future, and do not know how totolerate small amounts of physical/emotional/mental suffering. It’s not healthcare-on-demand we want, it’s cure-on-demand, just like a 10-minute haircut or drive-throughbanking.
7. Worse, society, media, and corporations compound the problem by telling us that we’reall unique and amazing individuals who should be happy all the time and never sufferfrom anything. As consumers, we can have Utopia. You can live in a Mc Mansion andgo on holiday in Paris with a supermodel when you never shed a hair again, after buyingthis special product, while stocks last!Everyone CAN and MUST achieve physical perfection – this is a lie perpetrated by asociety obsessed with “health” and happiness. America didn’t get an annual $1.6 trillion(RM4.8 trillion) “health” care bill for nothing – we want to lose weight, but must weexercise? If there’s an app for everything, isn’t there a pill for this? More controversially,healthcare has come to be owned by the rich. They can afford the premiums forinsurance, have met all their basic health needs, are also more likely to be educatedand to demand often unnecessary and expensive tests and treatment.The poorer has a higher threshold, often ignoring slight fevers or minor aches, andgoing only when there is substantial discomfort (because of money constraints, andbecause they have other things to worry about, like adequate food, shelter andclothing). Of course the rich doesn’t have less right to healthcare, or the poor more, butthis virtual monopoly by the rich skews priorities in research and funding. There’s simplymore money to be made researching and specializing in hip surgery, than there ever willbe for malaria.Lastly, as families become smaller throughout the world (look at China’s one-child policyor the women who marry later if at all), we focus much more on the only child. China’sLittle Emperors and Empresses are doted on by two parents and four grandparents –which child is growing up thinking that he/she isn’t the centre of the universe, andtherefore shouldn’t have everything they want, and right away too? As we teach them tobe conspicuous consumers from an early age, why shouldn’t they treat healthcare astheir own birthright, much as video games and new trainers?It’s a hard lifeThat’s why we think we know what “hardship” is, and why we’re not willing to accepteven the slightest bit of it. We want instant physical perfection for our very importantselves, without having to tolerate any form of discomfort to achieve it. We no longer takefever as our body’s hint to rest for two days, or raid the larder for some honey for thesore throat, or clean and bandage a small wound ourselves – we will see the doctor,who will give a pill, and all will be immediately right.So we clog up the emergency departments hoping for a cure for our muscle aches fromtoo much carrying boxes at work, see a third doctor in two days because the flu justwon’t go away, and demand an MRI just because there’s an occasional headache. We
8. grumble if we have to wait for the doctor (the author had to handle a complaint where aone-month-old rash wasn’t seen immediately at 3am, because there was a horrible roadaccident victim at the same time), and complain if we don’t get a cure immediately, andfind another doctor who will give us our slimming, sleeping and stimulant pills.We are kings: The Customer is Always Right, and I deserve happiness and perfecthealth because I am A Special Individual, and I must not have any pain or discomfort.Modern society has created selfish, individualistic creatures with a distorted world-view.Is it any wonder that the most commonly used word in the English language is thepronoun “I”?Fifty years ago, an aesthetic physician did not exist, and there was never a diseasecalled chronic fatigue syndrome or fibromyalgia (and here I await angry letters from theirsufferers and support groups) that qualifies a patient for months off work with disabilitybenefits, and money poured into research and experimental cures. When I told mygrandmother that if I claimed I was tired and in pain all the time and the doctors can’tfind anything really wrong with me, I could still qualify for CFS and get disability benefits,she laughed.In my time, she said, it was called laziness and the treatment was a tight slap delivereddaily until a cure was achieved. And proceeded to tell me stories about how her friendsroutinely worked in the farms and fields throughout pregnancy, delivered under a treeaided by their mothers-in-law, and went back to work immediately after delivery. Thesedays, we get to choose the date and time of our Caesarian sections.Hardship and suffering are relative for sure, but think how far we have come, from aspecies that fought and beat Nazism, the Great Depression, illiteracy and death. Wethink we are suffering in anguish from a small bruise or a fat tummy and we needimmediate relief from a pill or liposuction instead of ice and exercise – but try telling thatto the half of the world that is truly, genuinely, and sadly, dying from unsafe water,tuberculosis, and low birth weight.
9. APPENDIX E ( NOTES ) – TYPES OF INTERVIEW QUESTIONSThe Eight Types of Interview QuestionsInterviewing is not a science. Nor is it an art form. It is simply an imperfectform of human communication designed to increase the predictive validity ofpotential employer-employee relationships. And it is very imperfect.There are basically eight types of questions you may face during the course ofan interview: 1. Credential verification questions This type of question includes What was your GPA? and How long were you at . . . Its purpose is to place objective measurements on features of your background. 2. Experience verification questions This type of question includes What did you learn in that class? and What were your responsibilities in that position? Its purpose is to subjectively evaluate features of your background. 3. Opinion questions This type of question includes What would you do in this situation? and What are your strengths and weaknesses? Their purpose is to subjectively analyze how you would respond in a series of scenarios. The reality is that Tape #143 in your brain typically kicks in (I know the answer to that one!) and plays back the pre-programmed answer. 4. Dumb questions This type of question includes What kind of animal would you like to be? and What color best describes you? Their purpose is to get past your pre- programmed answers to find out if you are capable of an original thought. There is not necessarily a right or wrong answer, since it is used primarily to test your ability to think on your feet.
10. 5. Math questions This type of question includes "What is 1000 divided by 73?" to "How many ping pong balls could fit in a Volkswagen?" Its purpose is to evaluate not only your mental math calculation skills, but also your creative ability in formulating the mathematical formula for providing an answer (or estimate, as can often be the case). 6. Case questions This type of question includes problem-solving questions ranging from: "How many gas stations are there in Europe?" to "What is your estimate of the global online retail market for books?" Its purpose is to evaluate your problem-solving abilities and how you would analyze and work through potential case situations. 7. Behavioral questions This type of question includes Can you give me a specific example of how you did that? and What were the steps you followed to accomplish that task? Its purpose is to anticipate future behaviors based upon past behaviors. 8. Competency questions This type of question includes "Can you give me a specific example of your leadership skills?" or "Explain a way in which you sought a creative solution to a problem." Its purpose is to align your past behaviors with specific competencies which are required for the position.APENDIX F – WORKSHEET ( POST READING )Based on the interview have been shown by you and your friends, create a graphicorganizer about the article read as a summary.Example :
11. REASONS Use of pills and capsules ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
12. GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS OF MY LESSON DESIGN OF READING LESSON DESIGN OF READING WHILEPRE READING READING- Pictures of pills - Extracting theand capsules main ideas when reading- Watching a video the article.of eatingpills/capsules - Using graphic organizers to get the ideas POST READING Watching a video of interview session Present/act out their group work ( interview session ) Worksheet