Passive voice (PV) vs Active voice (AV)
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Passive voice (PV) vs Active voice (AV)






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Passive voice (PV) vs Active voice (AV) Passive voice (PV) vs Active voice (AV) Presentation Transcript

  • PASSIVE VOICE (pv) VERSUS ACTIVE VOICE (av) Revised version by Nur Garriga NGS
  • ACTIVE PASSIVE present simple: He feeds the dogs twice a day. The dog is fed twice a day. Present continuous: He is feeding the dogs now. The dogs are being fed now. past simple: He fed the dog yesterday. The dog was fed yesterday. Past continuous: She was brushing my hair. My hair was being brushed (by her). present perfect simple: He has fed the dog. The dog has been fed. future simple: He will feed the dog. The dog will be fed. modal: He should feed the dog. The dog should be fed.
  • NGS: Passive Voice 4 PASSIVE VOICE (PV) Basics The Auxiliary TO BE + the main Verb in Past Participle Passive Voice (PV) v. Active Voice (AV) Preposition BY (to express who carries out the action). *the auxiliary (to be) in the PASSIVE VOICE USES THE SAME VERB TENSE THAN THE main verb in the ACTIVE VOICE (AV) As you can see in the example above: eats (present simple) = are (present simple) *Wacth out! IN THE REPORTED SPEECH: THE MAIN VERB GOES A STEP BACK INTO THE PAST. AV: Subject + Verb + (Direct Object) She eats apples. PV: Subject + Aux. to Be + Verb + (BY + Indirect Object) Apples are eaten (by her).
  • CONTRAST ACTIVE VOICE Main Verb PEOPLE ALWAYS DRINK WATER. (main verb: present simple) PEOPLE MUST DRINK WATER. (modal verb: STAYS THE SAME) (main verb: infinitive) A THIEF STOLE THE CAR. (main verb: past simple) SHARP WAS GIVING ME LOTS OF OPPORTUNITIES when… (main verb: past continuous) PASSIVE VOICE Auxiliary To BE [in the verb tense of the main verb (AV)] + Past Participle (of the main verb of the AV) WATER IS ALWAYS DRUNK (BY PEOPLE ). WATER MUST BE DRUNK (BY PEOPLE). A CAR WAS STOLEN (BY A THIEF). LOTS OF OPPORTUNITIES WERE BEING GIVEN TO ME BY SHARP, when …
  • WHY do we need PV? •To emphasize the action rather than who or what carries it out. •To bring forward the most important idea. •We omit BY when THE AGENT is: –Unknown –Not important –Obvious Some Sentences need BY + AGENT such as This car is manufactured by Mercedes. NGS: Passive Voice 6
  • Process from Active to Passive •Identify the Direct Object (DO) in AV •Put this DO at the beginning of the PV as the Subject •Identify the Vb Tense in the AV •Use the same Vb tense with the auxiliary in the PV Vb to Be + Past Participle of the main Vb of the Active Sentence •Decide whether we need to use BY + AGENT NGS: Passive Voice 7
  • VERBS with TWO OBJECTS •Many Sentences only have one O. •Some Sentences two: DO & IO such as give, lend, offer, pay, promise, teach, tell, send Someone sent us this ad. When the AV has: DO + IO Two Subjects in the PV This ad was sent to us. We were sent this ad. 8 NGS: Passive Voice
  • Passive with REPORTING VERBS •To report feelings and beliefs Verbs: accept, believe, expect, hope, know, say, think IMPERSONAL SENTENCES 1.Subj + PASSIVE reporting Vb + to + infinitive + (O) Advertising is thought to be effective. 2.IT + PASSIVE reporting Vb + that + S It is thought that advertising is effective. 9 NGS: Passive Voice
  • HAVE / GET something DONE •GET is more informal •Structure: have /get (in any verb form) + DONE or any Vb in pp USE: Causative: actions we are unable to do ourselves or prefer not to do ourselves. •I haven’t had my house decorated yet. •Are you going to get your ears pierced? •We are having our house painted. (by a paiter) Note: When someone (so) does something (sth) unusual, we can add a reflexive pronoun (like myself) for emphasis. We are building our house ourselves. They are building their house themselves. 10 NGS: Passive Voice