168144560 google-cloud-messaging-android-simple-tutorial-for-beginner


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168144560 google-cloud-messaging-android-simple-tutorial-for-beginner

  1. 1. www.seriousandroiddeveloper.in
  2. 2. •Google Cloud Messaging for Android (GCM) is a free service that helps developers send data from servers to their Android applications on Android devices. •Message containing up to 4kb of payload data. •The GCM service handles all aspects of queuing of messages and delivery to the target Android application running on the target device. •It doesn’t necessary that your application in running state 24X7.
  3. 3. 1. Application Server. 2. Google Account. 3. Android Phone/ emulator(Google API).
  4. 4. 1. Registration ID- An ID issued by the GCM servers to the Android application that allows it to receive messages. Once the Android application has the registration ID, it sends it to the 3rd-party application server, which uses it to identify each device that has registered to receive messages for a given Android application. In other words, a registration ID is tied to a particular Android application running on a particular device. 2. Sender Auth Token- An API key that is saved on the 3rd-party application server that gives the application server authorized access to Google services. The API key is included in the header of POST requests that send messages. 3. Sender ID- A project ID you acquire from the API console The sender ID is used in the registration process to identify an Android application that is permitted to send messages to the device. 4. Pay Load – your data.
  5. 5. 1.Client will send activation request, via our application 2.Client will receive response with unique Registration ID. 5. GCM server push the data with GCM technology 3.Client need to send this Registration ID, to our app server. This registration ID is used to send data to the phone. 4.When ever server have any message for a particular device , it send the request to the GCM server using Registration ID.
  6. 6. You need to create a Google API project open the following link https://code.google.com/apis/console/ and activate GCM API service to your project Note down: 1. Project Number(SENDER ID) 2. API key(Sender Auth Token)
  7. 7. Permission: <manifest package=“in.seriousandroiddeveloper.gcm" ...> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" /> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.GET_ACCOUNTS" /> <uses-permission android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.RECEIVE" /> <permission android:name=“in.seriousandroiddeveloper.gcm.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" android:protectionLevel="signature" /> <uses-permission android:name="in.seriousandroiddeveloper.gcm.permission.C2D_MESSAGE" /> <receiver android:name=".SeriousBroadcastReceiver" android:permission="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.SEND" > <intent-filter> <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE" /> <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTRATION" /> <category android:name="in.seriousandroiddeveloper.gcm" /> </intent-filter> </receiver>
  8. 8. Registration : Intent registrationIntent = new Intent("com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTER"); registrationIntent.putExtra("app", PendingIntent.getBroadcast(v.getContext(), 0, new Intent(), 0)); registrationIntent.putExtra("sender", SenderID); startService(registrationIntent); Deactivation: Intent unregIntent = new Intent("com.google.android.c2dm.intent.UNREGISTER"); unregIntent.putExtra("app", PendingIntent.getBroadcast(v.getContext(), 0, new Intent(), 0)); startService(unregIntent);
  9. 9. Create a Broadcaster Receiver class: SeriousBroadcastReceiver public class SeriousBroadcastReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver { public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) { try { String action = intent.getAction(); if (action.equals("com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTRATION")) { String registrationId = intent.getStringExtra("registration_id"); String error = intent.getStringExtra("error"); String unregistered = intent.getStringExtra("unregistered"); } else if (action.equals("com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE")) { String data1 = intent.getStringExtra(“data1"); String data2 = intent.getStringExtra(“data2"); } } finally { }}}
  10. 10. Processing (action.equals("com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTRATION")) String error = intent.getStringExtra("error") If (error.equals.(“~~~~~~~~~”)) SERVICE_NOT_AVAILABLE The device can't read the response, or there was a 500/503 from the server that can be retried later. The Android application should use exponential back-off and retry. •ACCOUNT_MISSING-There is no Google account on the phone. The Android application should ask the user to open the account manager and add a Google account. Fix on the device side. •AUTHENTICATION_FAILED-Bad Google Account password. The Android application should ask the user to enter his/her Google Account password, and let the user retry manually later. Fix on the device side. •INVALID_SENDER-The sender account is not recognized. This must be fixed on the Android application side. The developer must fix the application to provide the right sender extra in thecom.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTER intent. PHONE_REGISTRATION_ERROR-Incorrect phone registration with Google. This phone doesn't currently support GCM.INVALID_PARAMETERS-The request sent by the phone does not contain the expected parameters. This phone doesn't currently support GCM.
  11. 11. Server implementation is via HTTP request : To send a message, the application server issues a POST request to https://android.googleapis.com/gcm/send. A message request is made of 2 parts: HTTP header and HTTP body. The HTTP header 1.Authorization: key=YOUR_API_KEY 2. Content-Type: application/json for JSON; application/x-www-formurlencoded;charset=UTF-8 for plain text. HTTP Body: 1. registration_id 2. data.<key>
  12. 12. www.seriousandroiddeveloper.in