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  1. 1. Armstrong, the Miracle Of Sports Lance Armstrong who is one of the most professional cyclist in the world ismy favourite sports personality. He is an American citizen and was born on September18, 1971, at a Methodist Hospital in Oak Cliff, Texas. His well known achievement iswinning the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times. Even do he was famous for his cycling performances, he actually started hissporting career at the age of 12 as a swimmer at the city of Plano Swim Club. He thenabandoned swimming and entered junior triathlon competition which surprisingly he woneasily. At the age of 16, Armstrong became a professional triathlete and won anational sprint-course triathlon in 1989 and 1990 when he was 18 and 19 years old,respectively. He started to show his talent in cycling sport when he won the UnitedStates Amateur Bicycle Championship in 1991. In 1992, he represented the UnitedStates and finished 14th in the 1992 Summer Olympics. He stunned the cycling worldwhen at age 21 he became one of the youngest riders to ever win the UCI Road WorldChampionship. He won the Clásica de San Sebastián in 1995, and this time won theTour DuPont and took a handful of stage victories in Europe including the stage to
  2. 2. Limoges in the Tour De France.. Armstrong continue to achieve his fames inprofessional cycling career until his performance began to decline inspite of sufferingcancer desease which resulted him 12th place in the road race in the 1996 OlympicGames. On October 2, 1996, at age 25, Armstrong was diagnosed with stage threetesticular cancer. The cancer started to spread to his lungs, abdomen and brain. On hisfirst visit to a urologist in Austin, Texas, to diagnose his cancer symptoms, he wascoughing up blood and discovered a large, painful testicular tumor. Immediate surgeryand chemotherapy were required to save his life. Armstrong had an orchiectomy toremove his diseased testicle. After his surgery, his doctor stated that he had only lessthan a 40% survival chance. His primary treatment was received at the IndianaUniversity (IU), Indianapolis Medical Centre. His brain tumors were surgically removed andfound to contain extensive necrosis (dead tissue). His last chemotherapy treatment wasreceived on December 13, 1996. His cancer went into complete remission, and by January 1998 he wasalready engaged in serious training for racing, moving to Europe to race for the U.S.Postal team. Armstrongs cycling comeback began in 1998 when he finished fourth inthe Vuelta a España. In 1999 he won the Tour de France, including four stages. In2004, Armstrong finished first, 6 minutes 19 seconds ahead of German AndreasKlöden. On July 24, 2005, Armstrong officially announced his retirement fromprofessional cycling after his 7th consecutive Tour de France win. Taking one stage at atime and winning against all odds is what Armstrong does best. Cancer was arguably the best thing that ever happened to him. The worldchampion cyclists career can be divided into two distinct periods: pre- and post-cancer.In the first, he was a brash young rider who won by sheer force and drive, but who didso arrogantly and without respect for his sport. After beating the odds and survivingtesticular cancer, Armstrong came back to racing a humbled and thoughtful rider whochanneled his energies, learned to depend on his team, and won an astonishing fourgrueling Tour de France races
  3. 3. Bibliography
  4. 4. Article 1 Against All Odds - Lance ArmstrongOnly in a Disney movie does an athlete win against such odds. Sitting atop his bicycle,surging so far ahead that the cyclists in pursuit fall well behind and outside the angle oftelevision camera range, Lance Armstrong, Tour de France champion and cancersurvivor, stuns the imagination and inspires hope.In the generally shorter stages of the 1999 Tour de France, Armstrong swept all threetime trials, in which each cyclist races against the clock rather than other racers. Hetook another few stages in the 2,300-mile race and proceeded to the podium wearingthe maillot jaune, the coveted yellow jersey of the tours winner, to become the 1999Tour de France champion. In July, he did it again, taking the 2000 Tour de France.Essentially covering the hexagonal perimeter of France and culminating in Paris alongthe Champs-Elysees, Armstrong, riding with his U.S. Postal Service team, rode the 21stages over 2,275.8 miles in less time than any other cyclist. He won only one stage (atime trial), but it was a lengthy one toward the end of the tour, following the exhaustingmountain stages in which he also performed splendidly.What makes his triumphs even more amazing is that three years prior to the 1999 race,he was a huge underdog in a battle against advanced testicular cancer. Although onetesticle was immediately removed, he needed more surgery to remove the cancer thathad spread to his brain. It was hoped that chemotherapy would shrink the dozen or sogolf ball-sized nodules of testicular cancer that had spread to both of his lungs.This was where I drew a line of disbelief.As a pharmacist, Id worked for years in the field of infectious diseases at MemorialSloan-Kettering Cancer Center, the worlds most renowned cancer institution. Ive beenprivileged to meet and care for many people diagnosed with cancer, including anotherprofessional athlete, Dave Dravecky, the Major League Baseball pitcher. Ive witnesseda constellation of character, dignity, triumph and tragedy. Again, however, Armstronghas me stunned.
  5. 5. You see, to spare his lungs incredible athletic capacity, Armstrongs chemo regimenwas tailored to avoid one particular agent, bleomycin. In its place--to try to save his life--an alternative agent was added to the massive doses (we call them "blasts") of thetypical chemo regimen for advanced testicular cancer. That he survived--and is likelycured--is miraculous. To win a tour, let alone consecutive tours, epitomizes hope in anyathlete. To win against cancer inspires us all.According to his recent book, Its Not About the Bike (Putman), his largest benefactorwas himself. In much the way he doggedly and meticulously prepared for these bigraces, Armstrong, fighting for his life, did his homework. He read up on the disease,sought the advice of those close to him and sought second and third opinions fromoncology experts. Armstrong, practically dying from the disease and [reeling from the]shock of his recent diagnosis, hauled his bike-saddle-hardened butt out of hishometown and across the country to where he thought hed find the best treatment.Lets not quibble over what made the difference in his survival--the epidemiology, hisprofessional conditioning, which cancer center he chose or any other variables.Armstrong listened, did his homework and, stone-cold scared, made his choice.Obviously, it was a good one.So what other attention did tour winner Armstrong, 28, receive? Well, in Europe, itsimply could not be fathomed that an American was thoroughly thrashing the entirefield. The French press insinuated that perhaps performance-enhancing drugs wereadded to his chemotherapy regimen. Critics suggested this would help explain hisdominance throughout the 99 tour.To think of the absurdity of that statement! If that technology were discovered, wouldntit be made available to the public? Even from a purely capitalistic standpoint, wouldntthese fools think that perhaps even a tiny dose of these alleged "performanceenhancers" could be added to the chemotherapy of thousands of cancer victims? Not somuch to win the Tour de France, you understand, just enough so they could scrapethemselves out of bed.
  6. 6. Like most unfortunate souls having to undergo chemotherapy, Armstrong suffered,retched and many times couldnt prop his head up, let alone get himself out of bed. Heacknowledges that at his side in battle were a new girlfriend (now his wife, Kristin), hismother and close friends. Those days are growing distant. However, he profoundlypoints out that, in many ways, surviving cancer is tougher than surviving the treatmentregimens.An athlete true to his fervor for battle, Armstrong was deeply involved in waging waragainst cancer and surviving chemotherapy. Now, the battle is over, he has a new son,and realistically, he can do nothing more than wait. The longer Armstrong is cancer-free, the better his prognosis. As days pass, he says he is growing less fixed uponwhether the cancer will come back.COPYRIGHT 2001 Aerobics and Fitness Association of AmericaCOPYRIGHT 2001 Gale GroupArticle 2 Lance ArmstrongLance Edward Armstrong (born Lance Edward Gunderson on September 18, 1971)is an American former professional road racing cyclist who is best known for winningthe Tour de France a record seven consecutive times, after having survived testicularcancer. He is also the founder and chairman of the Lance Armstrong Foundation forcancer research and support. He last rode for (and helped found) UCI ProTeam TeamRadioShack.In October 1996 he was diagnosed with testicular cancer, with a tumor thathad metastasized to his brain and lungs. His cancertreatments included brain andtesticular surgery and extensive chemotherapy, and his prognosis was originally poor.He went on to win the Tour de France each year from 1999 to 2005, and is the onlyperson to win seven times, having broken the previous record of five wins, sharedby Miguel Indurain, Bernard Hinault, Eddy Merckx, and Jacques Anquetil.
  7. 7. In 1999, he was named the ABC Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year. In 2000 hewon the Prince of Asturias Award in Sports.[4] In 2002, Sports Illustrated magazinenamed him Sportsman of the Year. He was also named Associated Press Male Athleteof the Year for the years 2002–2005. He received ESPNs ESPY Award for Best MaleAthlete in 2003, 2004, 2005, and 2006, and won the BBC Sports Personality of the YearOverseas Personality Award in 2003. Armstrong announced his retirement from racingon July 24, 2005, at the end of the 2005 Tour de France, but returned to competitivecycling in January 2009, and finished third in the 2009 Tour de France. He confirmed hehad retired from competitive cycling for good on 16 February 2011.[5]Early careerArmstrong was born on September 18, 1971, at Methodist Hospital in Oak Cliff,Texas in the southern sector of Dallas.[6] At the age of 12, he began his sporting careeras a swimmer at the City of Plano Swim Club and finished fourth in Texas state 1,500-meter freestyle. He abandoned swimming-only competition after seeing a poster for ajunior triathlon which he entered and won easily.In the 1987–1988 Tri-Fed/Texas ("Tri-Fed" was the former name of USA Triathlon),Armstrong was the number one ranked triathlete in the 19-and-under group; secondplace was Chann McRae, who became a US Postal Service cycling teammate and the2002USPRO national champion. Armstrongs points total for 1987 as an amateur wasbetter than the five professionals ranked that year. At 16, Armstrong became aprofessional triathlete and became national sprint-course triathlon champion in 1989and 1990 at 18 and 19, respectively.It became clear that his greatest talent was for bicycle racing after he won the U.S.amateur championship in 1991. Representing the U.S., he finished 14th in the 1992Summer Olympics. This performance earned him his first professional contract withMotorola, riding alongside Sean Yates. He won his first race with Motorola, the TropheeLaigueglia in Italy, beating the favourite Moreno Argentin. Also in 1992, Armstrongcompeted in the Tour of Ireland race.In 1993, Armstrong won 10 one-day events and stage races. He stunned the cyclingworld when at age 21 he became one of the youngest riders to ever win the UCI RoadWorld Championship, held in pouring rain in Norway that year. Prior to his Worlds win,he took his first stage win at the Tour de France, in the stage from Châlons-sur-Marne to Verdun. He was in 97th place overall when he abandoned the 1993 race in theAlps after the 12th stage.
  8. 8. He also collected the Thrift Drug Triple Crown of Cycling: the Thrift Drug Classicin Pittsburgh, the K-Mart West Virginia Classic, and the CoreStates USPRO nationalchampionship in Philadelphia. Thrift Drug said it would award $1 million to a riderwinning all three races, a feat previously unachieved. At the USPRO championship,Armstrong sat up on his bicycle on the final lap, took out a comb, combed his hair andsmiled for the cameras.In 1994, he again won the Thrift Drug Classic and came second in the Tour DuPont inthe United States. His successes in Europe were second placings in the Clásica de SanSebastián and Liège–Bastogne–Liège.He won the Clásica de San Sebastián in 1995, and this time won the Tour DuPont andtook a handful of stage victories in Europe including the stage to Limoges in the TourDe France. He dedicated the win to teammate Fabio Casartelli who died in a crash onthe descent of the Col de Portet dAspet on the 15th stage, two days before.Armstrongs successes were much the same in 1996. He became the first American towin the La Flèche Wallonne and again won the Tour DuPont. However, hisperformances began to suffer and he was only able to compete for five days in the TourDe France. At Atlanta he was only able to finish 6th in the time trial and 12th in the roadrace in the 1996 Olympic Games.CancerOn October 2, 1996, at age 25, Armstrong was diagnosed with stage three testicularcancer. The cancer spread to his lungs, abdomen and brain. On that first visit to aurologist in Austin, Texas, for his cancer symptoms he was coughing up blood and hada large, painful testicular tumor. Immediate surgery and chemotherapy were required tosave his life. Armstrong had an orchiectomy to remove his diseased testicle. After hissurgery, his doctor stated that he had less than a 40% survival chance. [7]The standard chemotherapeutic regimen for the treatment of this type of cancer is acocktail of the drugs bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (or Platinol) (BEP). Armstrong,however, chose an alternative, etoposide, ifosfamide, and cisplatin (VIP), to avoid thelung toxicity associated with the drug bleomycin.[8] This decision may have saved hiscycling career. His primary treatment was received at the IndianaUniversity (IU), Indianapolis, Medical Center, where Dr. Lawrence Einhorn hadpioneered the use of cisplatinum to treat testicular cancer. His primary oncologist therewas Dr. Craig Nichols.[8] Also at IU, his brain tumors were surgically removed and found
  9. 9. to contain extensive necrosis (dead tissue). His last chemotherapy treatment wasreceived on December 13, 1996.His cancer went into complete remission, and by January 1998 he was already engagedin serious training for racing, moving to Europe to race for the U.S. Postal team. Apivotal week (April 1998) in his comeback was one he spent training in the verychallenging Appalachian terrain around Boone, North Carolina, with his racingfriend Bob Roll.[8]Tour de France successBefore his cancer treatment, Armstrong had won two Tour de France stages. In 1993,he won the 8th stage and in 1995 he took stage 18 in honor of teammate FabioCasartelli who crashed and died on stage 15. Armstrong dropped out of the 1996 Touron the 7th stage after becoming ill, a few months before his diagnosis.Armstrong finishing 3rd in Sète, taking over the Yellow Jersey at Grand Prix Midi LibreArmstrongs cycling comeback began in 1998 when he finished fourth in the Vuelta aEspaña. In 1999 he won the Tour de France, including four stages. He beat the secondrider, Alex Zülle, by 7 minutes 37 seconds. However, the absence of Jan Ullrich (injury)and Marco Pantani(drug allegations) meant Armstrong had not yet proven himselfagainst the biggest names. Stage wins included the prologue, stage eight, anindividualtime trial in Metz, an Alpine stage on stage nine, and the second individual time trial onstage 19.In 2000, Ullrich and Pantani returned to challenge Armstrong. The race that began asix-year rivalry between Ullrich and Armstrong ended in victory for Armstrong by 6minutes 2 seconds over Ullrich. Armstrong took one stage in the 2000 Tour, the secondindividual time trial on stage 19. In 2001, Armstrong again took top honors, beatingUllrich by 6 minutes 44 seconds. In 2002, Ullrich did not participate due to suspension,and Armstrong won by seven minutes over Joseba Beloki.The pattern returned in 2003, Armstrong taking first place and Ullrich second. Only 1minute 1 second separated the two at the end of the final day in Paris. U.S. Postal wonthe team time trial on stage four, while Armstrong took stage 15, despite being knocked
  10. 10. off on the ascent to Luz Ardiden, the final climb, when a spectators bag caught his righthandlebar. Ullrich waited for him, which brought Ullrich fair-play honors.[9]In 2004, Armstrong finished first, 6 minutes 19 seconds ahead of German AndreasKlöden. Ullrich was fourth, a further 2 minutes 31 seconds behind. Armstrong won apersonal best five individual stages, plus the team time trial. He became the firstsince Gino Bartali in 1948 to win three consecutive mountain stages; 15, 16, and 17.The individual time trial on stage 16 up Alpe dHuez was won in style by Armstrong ashe passed Ivan Basso on the way despite setting out two minutes after the Italian. Hewon sprint finishes from Basso in stages 13 and 15 and made up a significant gap in thelast 250 m to nip Klöden at the line in stage 17. He won the final individual time trial,stage 19, to complete his personal record of stage wins.In 2005, Armstrong was beaten by David Zabriskie in the Stage 1 time trial by 2seconds, despite passing Ullrich on the road. His Discovery Channel team won theteam time trial, while Armstrong won the final individual time trial. To complete hisrecord-breaking feat, Armstrong crossed the line on the Champs-Élysées on July 24 towin his 7th consecutive Tour, finishing 4m 40s ahead of Basso, with Ullrich third.On July 24, 2005, Armstrong officially announced his retirement from professionalcycling after his 7th consecutive Tour de France win.